Minuscule 460

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Minuscule 460
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles
Date 13th century
Script Greek-Latin-Arabic
Now at Marcian Library
Size 28 cm by 23.5 cm
Hand beautifully written

Minuscule 460 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 397 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek-Latin-Arabic minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. The manuscript is lacunose. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2] Formerly it was labelled by 96a and 109p.[3]


The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles on 302 parchment leaves (28 cm by 23.5 cm) with some lacunae (Acts 1:1-12; 25:21-26:18; Philemon). It is written in three columns per page, in 28 lines per page.[2][4]

The order of books: Acts, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles (Hebrews placed before 1 Timothy). The manuscript is trilingual: Greek, Latin, and Arabic.[4]

According to the subscription at the end of the Epistle to the Romans, the Letter was προς Ρωμαιους εγραφη απο Κορινθου δια Φοιβης της διακονου της εν Κεγχρεαις εκκλησιας. The same subscription appears in manuscripts: 101, 241, 466, 469, 602, 603, 605, 618, 1923, 1924, 1927, 1932, followed by Textus Receptus.[5]


Kurt Aland did not place the Greek text of the codex in any Category.[6]

The text of Romans 16:25-27 is following 14:23, as in Codex Angelicus Codex Athous Lavrensis, 0209, Minuscule 181 326 330 451 614 1241 1877 1881 1984 1985 2492 2495.[7]

In Titus 1:9 it has additional reading μη χειροτονειν διγαμους μηδε διακονους αυτους ποιειν μηδε γυναικας εχειν εκ διγαμιας, μηδε προσερχεσθωσαν εν τω θυσιαστηριω λειτουργειν το θειον. τους αρχοντας τους αδικοκριτας και αρπαγας και ψευστας και ανελεημονας ελεγχε ως θεου διακονος.[8]

In Titus 1:11 it has additional reading τα τεκνα οι τους ιδιους γονεις υβριζοντες η τυπτοντες επιστομιζε και ελεγχε και νουθετει ως πατηρ τεκνα.[8]

In Hebrews 7:1 it has additional reading οτε εδιωξεν τους αλλοφυλους και εξειλατο Λωτ μετα πασης αιχμαλωσιας. The reading of the codex is not supported by any manuscript.[9]


Gregory dated it to the 13th or 14th century.[4] Scrivener dated it to the 11th century.[3] Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 13th century.[2]

The manuscript came from the monastery of St. Micheal de Troyna in Sicily.[3] The manuscript was examined by Birch, Scholz.[4] It was partially collated by G. F. Rinck. According to Scrivener it is an important copy, which text often resembling Minuscule 618,[3] but according to C. R. Gregory its text is "schlecht" (poor). Gregory saw it in 1886.[4]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz. Formerly it was labelled by 96a and 109p. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 460 to it.[1]

It is currently housed at the Biblioteca Marciana (Gr. Z. 11 (379)) in Venice.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 74. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 291. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 272. 
  5. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (2001), p. 477.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (4 ed.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ UBS3, pp. 576-577.
  8. ^ a b ΝΑ26, p. 557.
  9. ^ Eberhard Nestle, Erwin Nestle, Barbara Aland and Kurt Aland (eds), Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1991), p. 571. [NA26]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]