Minuscule 522

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Minuscule 522
New Testament manuscript
Name Liber Canonicus 34
Text New Testament
Date 1515/1516
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 23 cm by 16.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V/III
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 522 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 145 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on a paper. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1515 or 1516.[2] Scrivener labelled it by number 488. It was adapted for liturgical use.


The codex contains the entire of the New Testament on 319 paper leaves (size 23 cm by 16.5 cm) with only one lacuna in the Apocalypse 2:11-23. The order of books: Gospels, Pauline epistles (Philemon, Hebrews), Acts, Catholic epistles, and Apocalypse.[3][4][5] The scribe was unfamiliar with Greek.[3]

The text written in one column per page, 25 lines per page.[2] The breathings and accents are given correctly with very few exceptions.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin (added by later hand in Latin), and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. The text of the Gospels has also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

The tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each of book, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, αναγνωσεις (lessons), Synaxarion, Menologion, and some pictures.[4][6] It has Oecumenius and Euthalius prolegomena.[6]


In Apocalypse, there were 13 instances of errors by homoioteleuton, errors of itacism are few.[3] N ephelkystikon before a consonant 3 times, 2 times it lacks before hiatus.[7]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type except Acts and Catholic epistles. Aland placed it in Category V. The text of the Acts and Catholic epistles Aland placed in III Category.[8] Wisse did not examine this manuscript by using his profile method.[9]

It has some peculiar readings in Book of Revelation.[3]


According to the note on folio 319 the manuscript was written in Mirandola in 1515 (or 1516) for the wish Giovanni Francesco Picus of Mirandola by Michael Damascenus from Crete.[3] The manuscript once belonged to M. Aloys. Canonici, together with the manuscripts 523, 524, and 525, then to Bandinelli from Venice, and in 1817 was acquired by the Bodleian Library.[4]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament minuscule manuscripts by Scrivener (488) and Gregory (522).[6] Gregory saw it in 1883.[4] It was examined, described, and collated by Scrivener.[10]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (Canon. Gr. 34) in Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 66. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 77. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1859). An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis. Cambridge: Deighton Bell & Co. p. 75. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 199. 
  5. ^ The same order has Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Fuldensis, minuscule 61, and Epiphanius.
  6. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 246. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1859). An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis. Cambridge: Deighton Bell & Co. p. 76. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  9. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  10. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1859). An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis. Cambridge: Deighton Bell & Co. pp. 75–76.  (as k)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]