|New Testament manuscript
Folio 6 verso with text of Matthew 4:15-24
|Now at||National Library of France|
|Size||23.3 cm by 16.2 cm|
Minuscule 579 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 376 (von Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century. Formerly it was labelled as 80e (Scrivener). The manuscript is lacunose.
The codex contains complete text of the four Gospels with some lacunae (Mark 3:28-4:8; John 20:15-21:25) on 152 leaves (size 23.3 cm by 16.2 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 28-39 lines per page. Words are written continuously without any separation, accents, and breathings.
It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, numbers of the κεφαλαια (chapters) at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. It has the Ammonian sections (in Mark 233 Sections – 16:5) but not references to the Eusebian Canons. The Old Testament quotations are rarely indicated.
The text of Matthew 16:2b–3 (Signs of the Times) is placed after verse 9. It contains two endings of the Gospel of Mark. It has two endings to the Gospel of Mark (as in codices Ψ, 099, 0112, 274mg, and ℓ 1602). It lacks the text of Luke 22:43-44 and Luke 23:34.
The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type in Mark and Luke. Aland placed it in Category II in Mark and Luke. It was confirmed by the Claremont Profile Method, though in Luke 10 and Luke 20 it is a weak representative of the Alexandrian text. In Matthew its text belongs to the late Byzantine group.
The manuscript once belonged to Johannes Georg Graeve and was collated by Anthony Bynaeus in 1691 (as minuscule 80). It passed into the hands of J. van der Hagen, who showed it to Johann Jakob Wettstein in 1739. It was bought by Ambrose Didot and sold to Mons. Lesoef.
- Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 68.
- K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 81.
- Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. p. 205.
- Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press, Oxford 2005, p. 77.
- NA26, p. 235.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 63. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
- Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament:Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration", New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 89.
- NA27, p. 273.
- Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, Vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 205.
- Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au N. T., conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 91-94
- A Schmidtke, "Die Evangelien eines alten Unzialcodex nach einer Abschrift des dreizehnten Jahrhunderts" (Leipzig, 1903).
- Kirsopp Lake, "The Ammonian Harmony and the Text of B", JTS VII (1906), pp. 292–295.
- M.-J. Lagrange, "Critique textuelle" II, La Critique rationelle (Paris, 1935), pp. 113–116.