Minuscule 685

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Minuscule 685
New Testament manuscript
Folio 3 verso
Folio 3 verso
Text Gospels
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at University of Michigan
Size 24.2 cm by 16 cm
Type Byzantine text-type, Kr
Category V

Minuscule 685 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) ε 339 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on a parchment. It is dated palaeographically to the 13th century.[3] Scrivener labelled it by 1147e. It contains marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 229 parchment leaves (24.2 cm by 16 cm). The leaves are not foliated. The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page in minuscule letters.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the left margin of the text, with their τιτλοι (titles) at the top or bottom of the pages.[4][5]

It contains prolegomena to the four Gospels, the tables of the κεφαλαια before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin for liturgical use, incipits, αναγνωσεις (lessons), Synaxarion (liturgical book with hagiographies), subscriptions at the end of each of the Gospels, and numbers of stichoi to the Gospel of John.[4]

The Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is marked by an obelus.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it as a member of the textual family Kr. Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents family Kr in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20.[7]


Formerly the manuscript was held in London (Huth 354).[4]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (1147e) and Gregory (658e).[4]

Actually the codex is housed at the University of Michigan (Ms. 151), in Ann Arbor.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 176.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 72. 
  3. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 88.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 212. 
  5. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 279. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • D. O. Voss, Kr Variants in Mk, in S. Lake, Family Π and the Codex Alexandrinus, S & D V (London, 1936), pp. 155-158
  • K. W. Clark (1937). A Descriptive Catalogue of Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America. Chicago. pp. 327–329. 

External links[edit]