Minuscule 700

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Minuscule 700
New Testament manuscript
Folio 91 verso, Evangelist Mark
Folio 91 verso, Evangelist Mark
Date11th century
Now atBritish Library, Egerton 2610
Size14.8 cm by 11.7 cm
TypeCaesarean text-type
Notenumerous unique readings

Minuscule 700 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 133 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the Gospels. Formerly it was labelled as 604 in all catalogues (Scrivener, Hoskier), Gregory gave the number 700 to it.[2] It is dated palaeographically to the 11th century.[3]


The codex contains a complete text of the Gospels on 297 parchment leaves (14.8 cm by 11.7 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 19 lines per page in minuscule letters.[3] The initial letters are in gold. Simple headpieces and tailpieces are in gold.

The text of the Gospels is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are placed at the margin of the text. The τιτλοι (titles) of the κεφαλαια are given at the top of pages. Lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each Gospel (Matthew, Mark, Luke). There is also a division into smaller sections, the Ammonian sections with references to the Eusebian Canons.This is done in Gospel of John very rarely.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables at the beginning of the codex, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, illustrations of the evangelists, lectionary markings at the margin in gold.[5] It lacks Mark 11:26.[6]


In Matthew 27:16 it has the famous textual variant "Ιησουν τον Βαραββαν". This variant is found in Codex Koridethi, and manuscripts of textual family f1.

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Aland placed it in Category III.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it has mixed text in Luke 1, Alexandrian text in Luke 10, and represent the textual family Kx in Luke 20. It belongs to the textual subgroup 35.[8]

It contains, together with minuscule 162, the remarkable reading in Gospel of Luke 11:2: ἐλθέτω τὸ πνεῦμά σου τὸ ἅγιον ἐφ' ἡμᾶς καὶ καθαρισάτω ἡμᾶς ("May your Holy Spirit come upon us and cleanse us"), instead of ελθετω η βασιλεια σου ("May your kingdom come") in the Lord's Prayer.[9] This peculiar reading does not appear in any other manuscript, but it was derived from very old archetype, because it is present in the Marcion's text of the third Gospel and is also attested by the church father Gregory of Nyssa.[10] In Luke 11:4 the phrase αλλα ρυσαι ημας απο του πονηρου (but deliver us from evil) is omitted. This omission is supported by the manuscripts: Sinaiticus, B, L, f1 vg syrs copsa, bo, arm geo.[11]

In Mark 5:9 it has απεκριθη λεγων as in codices E, 565. The other manuscripts have:

λεγιων ονομα μοι — א, B, C, L, Δ
απεκριτη — D
λεγεων — A, W, Θ, f1, f13, Byz[12]

In Mark 10:19 — the phrase μη αποστερησης is omitted (as in codices B, K, W, Ψ, f1, f13, 28, 1010, 1079, 1242, 1546, 2148, 10, 950, 1642, 1761, syrs, arm, geo.[13] This omission is typical for the manuscript of the Caesarean text-type.

In Luke 6:2 — οὐκ ἔξεστιν (not lawful) for οὐκ ἔξεστιν ποιεῖν (not lawful to do); the reading is supported only by 𝔓4, Vaticanus, (Codex Bezae), Codex Nitriensis, lat, copsa, copbo, arm, geo;[14]

In John 8:7 it has αναβλεψας instead of ανακυψας, along with U Λ f13[15]

In John 8:8 it contains, together with U (030), 73, 331, 364, 658, 782, 1592 and some Armenian manuscripts, the unique addition ενος εκαστου αυτων τας αμαρτιας. This textual variant have also some Latin manuscripts. 652 has this variant on the margin added by a later hand. Minuscule 264 has this variant in John 8:6.[16]

Hoskier exhibits 2724 variations from the Textus Receptus (of which 791 are omissions and 353 are additions). 270 textual variants are not used by any other manuscript.[17]


The author of the codex is unknown. Probably it was written in Constantinople.[18]

The manuscript was bought in 1882 for the British Museum.[4]

It was examined by Dean Burgon, described and collated by W H Simcox [19] and Scrivener. The manuscript is now located in the British Library in London (Egerton MS 2610).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 72.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. p. 213.
  3. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 88. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  4. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. p. 214.
  5. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 261.
  6. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, p. 128. [NA26]
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  9. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 90.
  10. ^ Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Walter de Gruyter 1995, p. 31.
  11. ^ UBS3, p. 256.
  12. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, p. 102. [NA26]
  13. ^ UBS3, p. 165.
  14. ^ NA26, p. 170.
  15. ^ NA26, p. 274
  16. ^ NA26, p. 274; UBS3, p. 357.
  17. ^ Herman C. Hoskier, A Full Account and Collation of the Greek Cursive Codex Evangelium 604, London 1890.
  18. ^ Minuscule 700 at the British Library
  19. ^ Simcox, W. H., Collation of the British Museum MS Evan. 604, American Journal of Philology, Vol. 5, No. 4 (1884), pp. 454-465

Further reading[edit]

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