Minuscule 769 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 769
New Testament manuscript
Date14th century
Now atNational Library of Greece
Size21.5 cm by 15 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 769 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε540 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament written on paper. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century. The manuscript has complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it as 861e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 253 paper leaves (size 21.5 cm by 15 cm).[3] The text of Matthew 1:1-15 was supplied by a later hand.[6] The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages.[6]

It contains Argumentum (explanation of using Eusebian Canons), tables of the κεφαλαια before each Gospel, Lectionary markings at the margin, incipits, αναγνωσεις (lessons), and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel. Liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion) were supplied in the 15th century.[6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kr.[7] Aland placed it in Category V.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kr in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It belongs to the subgroup 35 (lacks reading 37 in Luke 1).[7]

The text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is marked by an obelus.[6]


F. H. A. Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 15th century;[5] C. R. Gregory dated the manuscript to the 14th century.[6] The manuscript is currently dated by the INTF to the 14th century.[4]

The manuscript was brought εκ των κατα την Μηλον διαλυθεντων μονυδριων in 1834. It was noticed in catalogue from 1876.[9]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (861)[5] and Gregory (769). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[6]

The manuscript is now housed at the National Library of Greece (162) in Athens.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 209.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 74.
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 92. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 274.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 220.
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 65, 93. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  9. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 219.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]