Minuscule 781 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 781
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 14th century
Script Greek
Now at National Library of Greece
Size 22.5 cm by 15.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 781 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε354 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament written on paper. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century. The manuscript has no complex contents.[3][4]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 199 paper leaves (size 22.5 cm by 15.5 cm), with some lacunae.[3] The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page.[3]

A later hand divided the text according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, but without their τιτλοι (titles) at the top.[5]

It contains tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel with a harmony, Argumentum, lectionary markings at the margin, incipits, αναγνωσεις, liturgical books (Synaxarion and Menologion), subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers of στιχοι.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kr.[6] Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represent the textual family Kr in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 it has mixed Byzantine text. It is perfect member of the family.[6]

The text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is marked by an obelus.[5]


C. R. Gregory dated the manuscript to the 14th century.[5] The manuscript is currently dated by the INTF to the 14th century.[4]

Formerly it was housed in the monastery μεγαλων πυλων 14.[5]

The manuscript was noticed in a catalogue from 1876.[8]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Gregory (781). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[5]

The manuscript is now housed at the National Library of Greece (110) in Athens.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte. 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 177. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 75. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 93. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 221. 
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 66. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 219. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]