Minuscule 8

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Minuscule 8
New Testament manuscript
Date11th century
Now atNational Library of France
Size28.7 cm by 21.8 cm
TypeByzantine text-type
Handbeautifully written
Notefull marginalia

Minuscule 8 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 164 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. It is dated palaeographically to the 11th century. The manuscript has complex contents.[2] It has complex contents and full marginalia.


The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels, on 199 parchment leaves (28.7 cm by 21.8 cm). The text is written in two columns per page, 22 lines per page.[2] The initial letters in red.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Canon tables, prolegomena, pictures, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), Menologion, and Synaxarion.[3][4] The passages of John 5:3–4 and the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) are marked with an obelus.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Family Kx.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20.[5]

In John 1:29 it lacks ο Ιωαννης along with manuscripts Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Vaticanus, Cyprius, Campianus, Petropolitanus Purpureus, Vaticanus 354, Nanianus, Macedoniensis, Sangallensis, Koridethi, Petropolitanus, Athous Lavrensis, 045, 047, 0141, 9, 565, 1192;[7]


Formerly it belonged to Antonelli Petrucci, a secretary of Ferdinand I, king of Naples. Then to Fontainebleau.[3] This codex was used by Robert Estienne in his Editio Regia (1550), in which was designated as ζ'. In result its readings became a part of the Textus Receptus.

It was examined by Wettstein, Scholz, and Gregory (in 1884). Scholz examined only Gospel of John.[3] It was examined and described by Paulin Martin.[8] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1884.[3]

The codex is located now at the National Library of France (Gr. 49) in Paris.[2][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 129.
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 191–192.
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ The Gospel According to John in the Byzantine Tradition (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2007), p. 7
  8. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), pp. 21-23
  9. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-05-01.

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