Minuscule 80

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Minuscule 80
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex T. G. Graevii
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Bibliothèque nationale de France
Size 23.3 cm by 16.2 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note close to 140

Minuscule 80 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 281 (von Soden),[1] known as Cod. T. G. Graevii, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] The manuscript has complex contents. It has marginalia.


The codex contains complete text of the four Gospels with a commentary on 309 parchment leaves (size 23.3 cm by 16.2 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 23 lines per page.[2] The initial letters are in colour.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers of at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. In the 15th century the Latin chapters were added.[3][4]

It contains Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel.[4]



The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] It is close textually to the minuscule 140.

It was not examined by using the Claremont Profile Method.[6]

Textual variants[edit]

In Luke 3:23-38 (Genealogy of Jesus) it was rewritten from a three-column text, and columns were confused, and instead of copying them vertically in proper succession, the scribe copied the genealogy as though the two columns were one, following the lines across both columns. As a result, almost everyone is made the son of the wrong father: του Ιωραμ, του Καιναν, του Ιωδη, του Εσρωμ, του Ενος (see Minuscule 109).[3]

In John 3:13 it has reading ανθρωπου ο ων εκ του ουρανου for ανθρωπου, the reading is supported only by Uncial 0141 and Syriac Curetonian (syrc);[7]


It once belonged to Johannes Georg Graeve (hence name of the codex) and was collated by Anthony Bynaeus in 1691 (see minuscule 579). Then it passed into the hands Johannes van der Hagen, who showed it to Wettstein in 1739.[4]

It is currently housed in at the National Library of France (Smith-Lasouëf 5), at Paris.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 51. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 147. 
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 205. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ UBS3, p. 329

Further reading[edit]