Minuscule 9

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Minuscule 9
New Testament manuscript
Now atNational Library of France
Size23.5 cm by 17 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 9 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 279 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. According to the colophon it was written in 1167 which is confirmed palaeographically as belonging to the 12th Century .[2]


The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels, on 298 parchment leaves (23.5 cm by 17 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 20 lines per page, size of text has only 16.4 by 11 cm.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 sections, the last in 16:8), whose numbers are given at the margin, no references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum and the Eusebian Canon tables at the beginning, subscriptions are given at the end of each Gospel with numbers of ρηματα and numbers of στιχοι. It has also liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion), and pictures.[3]

The style is rather barbarous.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 it has mixed Byzantine text.[5]

In John 1:29 it lacks phrase ο Ιωαννης along with manuscripts Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Vaticanus, Cyprius, Campianus, Petropolitanus Purpureus, Vaticanus 354, Nanianus, Macedoniensis, Sangallensis, Koridethi, Petropolitanus, Athous Lavrensis, 045, 047, 0141, 8, 565, 1192;[7]


According to the colophon it was written ωρα γ της ημερας, πολευοντος ζ ηλεου δι επων. "ζ ηλεου" means seventh sun.[8]

It was written when "Manuel Porphyrogennetus was ruler of Constantinople, Amauri of Jerusalem, William II of Sicily".[4]

This codex was used by Robert Estienne in his Editio Regia (1550), in which was designated by him as ιβ'. It was in private hands and belonged to Peter Stella (about 1570). It became a part of collection of Kuster (Kuster's Paris 3).[4]

It was examined and described by Montfaucon and Wettstein.[9] Scholz collated Matthew 1-8; Mark 1-4; John 4-8.[3] It was examined and described by Paulin Martin.[10] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[3]

The codex now is located at the National Library of France (Gr. 83) in Paris.[2][11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. pp. 129–130.
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 192.
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ The Gospel According to John in the Byzantine Tradition (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2007), p. 7
  8. ^ J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), p. 4.
  9. ^ Wettstein, Johann Jakob (1751). Novum Testamentum Graecum editionis receptae cum lectionibus variantibus codicum manuscripts (in Latin). 1. Amsterdam: Ex Officina Dommeriana. p. 46. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
  10. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 23
  11. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-05-01.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bernard de Montfaucon, Bibliotheca Coisliniana olim Segueriana, Paris: Ludovicus Guerin & Carolus Robustel, 1715, p. 305-307.