Minyas (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, Minyas /ˈmɪniəs, ˈmɪnjəs/ (Ancient Greek: Μινύας) was the founder of Orchomenus, Boeotia.[1]

Family[edit]

As the ancestor of the Minyans, a number of Boeotian genealogies lead back to him, according to the classicist H.J. Rose. Accounts vary as to his own parentage: one source states that he was thought to be the son of Orchomenus and Hermippe, his real father being Poseidon;[2] in another account he is called son of Poseidon and Callirhoe;[3] yet others variously give his father as Chryses (son of Poseidon and Chrysogeneia, daughter of Almus),[4] Ares, Aleus, Eteocles[5], Aeolus[1], Sisyphus and Halmus (Almus).

Minyas was married to either Euryanassa, Euryale, Tritogeneia (daughter of Aeolus), Clytodora, or Phanosyra (daughter of Paeon). Of them either Euryanassa or Clytodora bore him a daughter Clymene (also called Periclymene,[6][7] mother of Iphiclus and Alcimede by Phylacus or Cephalus). Clytodora is also given as the mother by Minyas of Orchomenus, Presbon, Athamas,[2] Diochthondas[8] and Eteoclymene[9]. Minyas' other children include Cyparissus, the founder of Anticyra,[10] and three daughters known as the Minyades.[11][12][13] In some accounts, he was also said to be the father of Persephone who married Amphion and by him became the mother of Chloris, wife of Neleus.[14]

According to Apollonius Rhodius[15] and Pausanias[16] he was the first king ever to have made a treasury, of which the ruins were still extant in Pausanias' times.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF MINYAS' FAMILY
Relation Name Sources
(Sch.) on Hom. Hes. Sch. Pin. (Sch.) on Apollon. Ov. Apollod. Plut. Hyg. Pau. Anton. Ael. Steph. Tzet. W. Smith
Parentage Eteocles
Aeolus
Poseidon and Hermippe
Poseidon and Chrysogone
Chryses
Orchomenus
Poseidon and Callirhoe
Ares
Aleus
Sisyphus
Halmus
Wife Euryanassa
Euryale
Tritogeneia
Clytodora
Phanosyra
Children Clymene
Eteoclymene
Diochthondas
Orchomenus
Athamas
Presbon
Leuconoe or
Leucippe
Alcithoe or
Alcathoe
Arsinoe or
Arsippe or
Aristippe
Periclymene
Cyparissus
Persephone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 3. 1093 ff
  2. ^ a b Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 230
  3. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 875
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 36. 4; in scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 3. 1094, Minyas himself is the son of Poseidon and "Chrysogone", daughter of Almus.
  5. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Isthmian Ode 1. 79
  6. ^ Hyginus Fabulae 14
  7. ^ Tzetzes ad Lycophron. Alexandra, 875
  8. ^ Scholia ad Pindar. Olympian Odes, 14.5
  9. ^ Scholia ad Pindar. Pythian Odes, 4.120
  10. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad, 2. 159; on Odyssey, 11. 362
  11. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4. 1 - 168
  12. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 10
  13. ^ Plutarch, Quaestiones Graecae, 38
  14. ^ Scholia on Odyssey, 11. 281, citing Pherecydes
  15. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.229
  16. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.38.2

Sources[edit]

  • Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 2, page 1092
  • Thirlwall, Connop (1895). A History of Greece. Original from the University of Virginia: Longmans. p. 92.