Miocene fauna of north-eastern Paratethys
Stratigraphic range: middle miocene
The largest mid miocene deposits in Ukraine are situated near Ternopil city. Here several species of corals, crabs, mollusks and whales have been found. One of the most interesting discoveries is a daira speciosa carapace with a haliotis shell. Probably it had symbiotic relationship with this crab.
13 million years ago the area was part of a shallow sea called the Paratethys, which is why there were found few vertebrate fossils. Grains of sedimentary rock were too large to preserve soft tissues or small and delicate bones. However, shells and crabs carapaces, because they were hard enough, survived.
List of fossil species
- Unidentified species
- Phocoena sp.
- Radwański, Andrzej; Górka, Marcin; Wysocka, Anna (10 March 2006). "Middle Miocene coralgal facies at Maksymivka near Ternopil (Ukraine): A preliminary account". Acta Geologica Polonica. 56 (1): 89–103. OCLC 70123144. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- Studencka, Barbara; Jasionowski, Marek (2011). "Bivalves from the Middle Miocene reefs of Poland and Ukraine: A new approach to Badenian/Sarmatian boundary in the Paratethys" (PDF). Acta Geologica Polonica. 61 (1): 79–114.[permanent dead link]