Mir Bashir Gasimov

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Mir Bashir Gasimov
Mirbəşir Qasımov
People's Commissar of Social Security of the Azerbaijan SSR
In office
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR
In office
Preceded by Sultan Majid Afandiyev
Personal details
Born 1879
Dashbolagh, East Azerbaijan Province, Persia
Died 23 April 1949(1949-04-23) (aged 69–70)
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
Nationality Azeri
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Mir Bashir Gasimov (Azerbaijani: Mirbəşir Qasımov; Russian: Мир Башир Касумов; 1879 – 23 April 1949) was an Azerbaijani statesman and revolutionary, one of the followers of Nariman Narimanov's national communism policy in the Azerbaijan SSR.[1] Twice receiver of Order of Lenin and two more orders.


Mir Bashir Fattah oghlu Gasimov was born in Dashbolagh, Persia (present-day Ardabil Province, Iran) in 1879 to a poor family of peasants. Gasimov started his revolutionary work in 1898, as soon as he started work at the Balakhani oil factory. He joined the Bolshevik Party the same year and participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905 as a member of combat brigades of Baku Bolshevik organization.

In 1917–1918, he represented communists in Baku and Lankaran. After the fall of the Soviet-oriented Baku Commune in Azerbaijan, Gasimov engaged in underground political activity. At the First Congress of the Workers' (Bolshevik) Party of Azerbaijan in February 1920, he was elected to the Central Committee.

Gasimov was one of the organisers of the uprising against the Musavat government in the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and one of the key figures that contributed to the Sovietization of Azerbaijan on 28 April 1920.


One day after the establishment of the Soviet rule in Azerbaijan, Gasimov was already a member of the Revolutionary Committee of Baku. He soon advanced in his career in the Communist Party and was appointed the Deputy Chair of the Central Executive Committee of the republic, serving in that position in 1921–1924 and in 1931–1935. In 1935–1937, he served as People's Commissar of Social Welfare of the Azerbaijan SSR and later, in 1937–38, was the acting Chair of the Central Executive Committee of Azerbaijan. From 1938 until his death, he headed the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR in addition to being the Deputy Chair of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He is known to have opposed Zangezur becoming part of the Armenian SSR.[2]

He also chosen as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR during in first and second convocation.

The city of Tartar was named Mirbashir after his death in 1949 and retained that name until 1991. There is a street named after him in Baku.[3] Today Gasimov is still seen as a significant political figure by members of the Azerbaijan Communist Party and other left-wing politicians.


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