Mir Chakar Rind

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Mir Chakar Khan Rind
چاکر رند
Statue of Mir Chakar Khan
Born Mir Chakar Khan
1468
Aashaal Kolwa , Kech , Balochistan
Died 1565
Resting place Sathgara , Punjab
Language Balochi
Nationality Baloch

Mir Chakar Khan Rind, Mir Shakar Khan Rind, Meer Chaakar Khan Rind or Chakar The Great, Chakar-i-Azam (1468–1565[1]) (Balochi: میر چاکَر حان رِند) was a Baloch chieftain in the 16th century. He is considered a folk hero of the Baloch people and an important figure in the Baloch epic Hani and Sheh Mureed.

History[edit]

Mir Chakar Rind lived near Sibi and became the head of Rind tribe at the age of 18 after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan Rind. Mir Chakar's fiefdom was short-lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan.[2] Mir Chakar Rind, head of the Rind tribe, went to war that resulted in thousands dead, The war and the gallantry of the two tribe leaders continues to be a part of the Baloch peoples' history. After the "Thirty Years' War" against the Lashari Tribe,.[3] Mir Chakar Rind defeated the Lasharis and then left Balochistan and settled in the Punjab region in 1518.

Mir Chakar Settled in Satghara and gained power and respect in the area. Afghan King Sher Shah Suri approached Mir Chakar to unite with him to consolidate his gains. Mir Chakar appreciated the offer but refused to help Sher Shah Suri and defeated Afghan armies in punjab. Under the command of his son, Mir Shahdad Khan, his forces instead joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555 after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. As a reward, Emperor Humayun conferred a vast Jagir, including horses and slaves, to Mir Chakar. He ruled this territory until he died in 1565. People who accompanied Mir Chakar to Satghara after leaving Balochistan constructed a tomb for his body.

Today[edit]

Many members of Mir Chakar's tribe still live in Satghara, Okara District. The Chief of the tribe is Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind.[4][5] They live in southern Punjab to this day and speak Sulemani Balochi, Punjabi or the Seraiki language; they still exert considerable influence in the daily affairs of the district.

The Rind tribe is one of oldest and largest Baloch tribes. Its members are spread all over Balochistan, including the western (Iranian) Balochistan. With the passage of time, Rind clans have been formed. Hasni in Rarkan Barkhan District,[jakhrani tribe] Dombki tribe in Sibi, Bakhtiarabad, Bakhshapur, distt: Kashmore Sindh,Gurmani, Leghari, Qaisrani, Lund, Buzdar, Dasti (Dashti), Gadhi tribe in Toba Tek Singh and Mastoi tribes in Dera Ghazi Khan, Bugti, Mandwani, Malghani ,Notkani and Marri tribes in eastern Balochistan and Askanis Nezar Mahmad and Haji Din Mahmads allied along the coastline and Maheer, Perozai, Mullazai in Mand (Kech District) and lakhti in jaffarabad(Makran)(raimyar khan) and Rigi or reki(washuk),Balochistan

References[edit]

  1. ^ S.A.J. Shirazi. "Heritage Village, Pakistan". Travelers Digest. 
  2. ^ Overseas Pakistan Foundation. "Provinces of Pakistan (Balochistan)". Encyclopedia of Pakistan. 
  3. ^ Ahmad Hasan Dani; Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson; János (1999). History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 305. ISBN 978-81-208-1595-7. 
  4. ^ "Sherani meets Sardar Rind". Pakistan News. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Arrest warrants for Sardar Yar Mohammad". The Express Tribune. February 19, 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links[edit]