Mir Chakar Rind
|Mir Chakar Khan Rind
Aashaal Kolwa, Kech, Balochistan
Mir Chakar Khan Rind, Mir Shakar Khan Rind, Meer Chaakar Khan Rind or Chakar The Great, Chakar-i-Azam (1468–1565) (Balochi: میر چاکَر حان رِند) was a Baloch chieftain in the 16th century. He is considered a folk hero of the Baloch people and an important figure in the Baloch epic Hani and Sheh Mureed.
Mir Chakar Rind lived near Sibi and became the head of Rind tribe at the age of 18 after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan Rind. Mir Chakar's fiefdom was short-lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan. Mir Chakar Rind, head of the Rind tribe, went to war, which resulted in thousands dead. The war and the gallantry of the two tribe leaders continues to be a part of the Baloch peoples' history. After the "Thirty Years' War" against the Lashari Tribe,. Mir Chakar Rind defeated the Lasharis and then left Balochistan to settle in the Punjab region in 1518. Mir Chakar was a very brave man who desired to make the Baloch tribe powerful. When Mir Chakar left Sibi, his next stop was Sanghar Desert. He ruled the Sanghar area for many years. No one could defeat Mir Chakar and his army until Mir Doda Khan arrived with his army. In some books it is said that he was a Pathan and in some it is said he was a Baloch, although his descendants are now called Dodai Baloch. Although Mir Chakar had defeated Mir Doda once before, Mir Doda was badly frozen. A man named Jakhrani helped him by asking his own daughter to sleep with Mir Doda so his temperature would return to normal. After that the girl was married to Mir Doda, and he planned and attacked Chakar again. Mir Doda Khan defeated Mir Chakar in the desert of Sanghar, after which Mir Chakar and his army left Sanghar and moved to the Multan area where he shook hands with the Multan king. On the other side, Shehmureed had gone to Saudi Arabia. After Sheh Mureed, one of his best fighters was Mir Malagh Khan Rind.
It is said that Mir Malagh Khan's sword weighed 75 kg. No one but Mir Malagh could handle it.
Mir Qaiser Khan, Mir Sanjar Khan and Mir Mandar Khan were some of Mir Chakar's best fighters. Mir Chakar and the Multan king then planned to conquer Delhi, in India. The Multan king asked for Mir Chakar's help, and he gave him his best fighters. The Lashkar was led by Mir Malagh Khan and Mir Qaiser Khan, who went and they conquered Delhi. After this, the Delhi king purportedly said, "There was not a single nail uncovered of the Baloch. Their head could reach the glaring sun. They were united; they were brave!" On the other side, Mir Doda was gaining power. His grandsons Mir Ghazi khan and Mir Ismail khan were his best fighters. The Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan district of Pakistan are named after these two. The Multan king invited Mir Doda to dinner. When Mir Doda came, the Multan king said that from then on he would be his left hand. Mir Chakar became angry and planned to attack Mir Doda. In the battle, Mir Doda was badly defeated and his people and army moved to Sindh and never came back.
Near the desert of Sanghar he built 100 houses for his relatives to live in, and he named the place Sowkar (also written Sokar). This place is still located near the Sanghar desert in Tehsil Taunsa, Dera Ghazi Khan District. Mir Malagh Khan also lived there as he was the best fighter of Mir Chakar. Malghani Balochs are the descendants of this great man. Now Sokar is the hometown of Malghani Baloch Tribe.
Mir Chakar then settled in Satghara and gained power and respect in the area. Sher Shah Suri sent a message to Mir Chakar to unite with him and consolidate his gains. Mir Chakar appreciated the offer but refused to help Sher Shah Suri. Under the command of his son, Mir Shahdad Khan, his forces instead joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555 after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. As a reward, Emperor Humayun conferred a vast Jagir, including horses and slaves, to Mir Chakar. He ruled this territory until he died in 1565. People who accompanied Mir Chakar to Satghara after leaving Balochistan constructed a tomb for his body. Noori Naseer Khan of Kalat and Meer Chakar are both Baloch heroes.
Many members of Mir Chakar's tribe still live in Satghara, Okara District.The Chief of the tribe is Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind. They live in southern Punjab to this day and speak Sulemani Balochi ; they still exert considerable influence in the daily affairs of the district.
Some Members Mir Chakar's tribe live in(Rind Jada) Kahror Pakka District Lodhran.
The Rind tribe is one of oldest and largest Baloch tribes.
- S.A.J. Shirazi. "Heritage Village, Pakistan". Travelers Digest.
- Overseas Pakistan Foundation. "Provinces of Pakistan (Balochistan)". Encyclopedia of Pakistan.
- khan Haran Dari; Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson; János (1999). History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 305. ISBN 978-81-208-1595-7.
- "Sherani meets Sardar Rind". Pakistan News. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Arrest warrants for Sardar Yar Mohammad". The Express Tribune. February 19, 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2014.