Mir Jafar Baghirov

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Mir Jafar Baghirov
Bagirov MD.jpg
First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
In office
15 December 1933 – 6 April 1953
Preceded byRuben Rubenov
Succeeded byMir Teymur Yaqubov
Candidate member of the 19th Presidium
In office
6 March 1953 – 7 July 1953
Personal details
Born(1896-09-17)17 September 1896
Quba, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire
Died7 May 1956(1956-05-07) (aged 59)
Siberia, Russian SSR, USSR
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (from 1918)
ChildrenMirza Baghirov,Jahangir Baghirov, Jen Baghirov[1]

Mir Jafar Baghirov Abbas oglu (Azerbaijani: Mir Cəfər Bağırov Abbas oğlu; 17 September 1896 – 7 May 1956) was the communist leader of the Azerbaijan SSR from 1932 to 1953, under the Soviet leadership of Joseph Stalin.[2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Quba of Baku Governorate in 1896, Baghirov studied pedagogy in Petrovsk. During 1915-1917, M J. Baghirov worked as a school teacher in a village in Khudat.[3] During 1918 - 1921, he participated in the October Revolution and Russian Civil War in ranks of a commander of regiment, military commissar of Azerbaijani division, advisor of the Caucasus corps of the Russian military command, and the head of revolutionary tribunal of Azerbaijani division. After the Soviet takeover of Azerbaijan, Baghirov was appointed the Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. It was reported that Baghirov worked also for the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic's police. In 1927 through 1929, he served as the director of Department for Water Distribution of Transcaucasia. From February 1921 to May 1927 and December 1929 to August 1930, Baghirov was the head of state security services.

First Secretary of Communist Party[edit]

Baghirov on Caucasian Party caucus, 1935. Left to right: Makharadze, Baghirov, Beria.

In 1932, Baghirov became the People's Commissar of Azerbaijan SSR and from 1933 to 1953 he was the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Azerbaijan Communist Party. In 1953, the bureau of the Central Committee of the Azerbaijani Communist Party appointed Baghirov to head the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR. After Stalin's death in March 1953, Baghirov was accused of conducting repression, arrested in 1954, and tried and sentenced to death by the Military Tribunal of the Soviet Union. In his final 17-minute speech before the court, he favored the sentence and refused to apply for any pardon. Baghirov was executed in 1956.[3][4]

Mir Jafar Baghirov is a controversial figure in Azerbaijani history. By 1940 an estimated 70,000 Azeris had died as a result of purges carried out under Baghirov.[5] The intelligentsia was decimated, broken, and eliminated as a social force and the old guard Communist elite was destroyed. However, Baghirov was also successful in resisting the Armenian demands to cede the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of the Azerbaijan SSR to the Armenian SSR.[6]

He was credited for treating his junior son as an ordinary Soviet citizen. Baghirov sent his son, Vladimir (Jahangir) Baghirov, a military pilot, to the Soviet Army to fight against Nazi Germany. He was killed in battle in June 1943, after performing an aerial ramming.[7]

Honours and awards[edit]


  1. ^ "В Индии скончался сын коммунистического вождя Азеpбайджана" [Son of the Azerbaijani leader died in India]. Novosti.ru. 2005-04-09. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  2. ^ "Stalin's Personality Cult. Three Times I Changed My Mind". Azerbaijan International. September 1999. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  3. ^ a b "Directory of Biographies. Mir Jafar Baghirov". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  4. ^ "Republic of Azerbaijan. Ministry of National Security. Heads of special services of Azerbaijan. Mir Jafar Baghirov". Archived from the original on 2010-10-15. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  5. ^ Swietochowski, Tadeusz; Collins, Brian C. (1999). Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 31. ISBN 0-8108-3550-9. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  6. ^ De Waal, Thomas (2003). Black garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through peace and war. New York and London: New York University. p. 138. ISBN 0-8147-1944-9. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  7. ^ "Фамилии летчиков, совершивших воздушные тараны" [Last names of pilots involved in ram attacks]. Retrieved 2010-05-04.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Ruben Rubenov
First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
Succeeded by
Mir Teymur Yaqubov