Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani
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Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani
میر سید علی ہمدانی
|Born||714 AH (1314 AD)|
|Died||786 AH (1384 AD)|
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Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani (Persian: میر سید علی ہمدانی; 1314–1384) was a Persian Sūfī of the Kubrawiya order, a poet and a prominent Muslim scholar. He was born in Hamadan, and was buried in Khatlan Tajikistan. He was known as Shāh-e-Hamadān ("King of Hamadān"), Amīr-i Kabīr ("the Great Commander"), and Ali Sani ("second Ali").
Hamadani title “Sayyed” indicates that he was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, from both sides of his family. Hamadani spent his early years under the tutelage of Ala ud-Daula Simnani, a famous Kubrawi saint from Semnan, Iran. Despite his teacher's opposition to Ibn Arabi's explication of the wahdat al-wujud ("unity of existence"), Hamadani wrote Risala-i-Wujudiyya, a tract in defense of that doctrine, as well as two commentaries on Fusus al-Hikam, Ibn Arabi's work on Al-Insān al-Kāmil. Hamadani is credited with introducing the philosophy of Ibn-Arabi to South Asia.
Sayyid Ali Hamadani traveled widely – it is said he traversed the known world from East to West three times. In 774 AH/1372 AD Hamadani lived in Kashmir. After Sharaf-ud-Din Abdul Rehman Bulbul Shah, he was the second important Muslim to visit Kashmir. Hamadani went to Mecca, and returned to Kashmir in 781/1379, stayed for two and a half years, and then went to Turkistan by way of Ladakh. He returned to Kashmir for a third time in 785/1383 and left because of ill health[clarification needed]. Hamadani is regarded as having brought various crafts and industries from Iran into Kashmir; it is said that he brought with him 700 followers, including some weavers of carpets and shawls, who taught the craft of pashmina textile and carpet-making to the local population. Ladakh likewise benefited from his interest in textile weaving. The growth of the textile industry in Kashmir increased its demand for fine wool, which in turn meant that Kashmiri Muslim groups settled in Ladakh,[clarification needed] bringing with them crafts such as minting[clarification needed] and writing.
Hamadani died on his way back to Central Asia at a site close to present day Mansehra town in North-West Pakistan. His body was then salted and carried by his disciples to Khatlan, Tajikistan, where his shrine is located. He wrote the following rules in Zakhirat-ul Maluk to Islamize Kashmir:
- The Muslim ruler shall not allow fresh constructions of Hindu temples and shrines.
- No repairs to the existing Hindu temples and shrines shall be allowed.
- Hindus shall not use Muslim names.
- They shall not ride a harnessed horse.
- They shall not move about with arms.
- They shall not wear rings with diamonds.
- They shall not deal in or eat bacon.
- They shall not exhibit idolatrous images.
- They shall not build houses in neighborhoods of Muslims.
- They shall not dispose of their dead near Muslim graveyards, nor weep nor wail over their dead.
- They shall not deal in or buy Muslim slaves.
- No Muslim traveler shall be refused lodging in the Hindu temples and shrines where he shall be treated as a guest for three days by non-Muslims.
- No non-Muslim shall act as a spy in the Muslim state.
- No problem shall be created for those non-Muslims who, on their own will, show their readiness for Islam.
- Non-Muslims shall honor Muslims and shall leave their assembly whenever the Muslims enter the premises.
- The dress of non-Muslims shall be different from that of Muslims to distinguish themselves.
One manuscript (Raza Library, Rampur, 764; copied 929/1523) contains eleven works ascribed to Hamadani (whose silsila runs to Naw'i Khabushani; the manuscript contains two documents associated with him).
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- Ninth Session, Part 2
- Hadith alThaqalayn || Imam Reza (A.S.) Network
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