Mir Shams-ud-Din Araqi

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Mir Shams-ud-Din Araqi
Other namesMir Syed Mohammad Moosavi Isfahani
Personal
Born1440 AD, (13 Rajab 861 AH)
Died1515 AD (01 Rabiul Awwal 936 AH)
ReligionShia Islam, Jaffari
Other namesMir Syed Mohammad Moosavi Isfahani
Senior posting
Based inSrinagar, Kashmir
Period in office1460-1515
PredecessorAga Mir Syed Ibrahim Mosavi Isfahani
PostAllama, Cleric
Websiteraheislam.org
Grave of Mir Shahms-ud-Din Araqi

Mir Syed Mohammed Isfahani alias Mir Shams-ud-din Muhammad Iraqi (1440–1515) (Urdu: میر شمس الدین اراقی بدشکن‎) was known for having introduced the tenets held by Noorbakshi,[1] the order of the Sufis in Kashmir who influenced the social complexity of the valley.

Mir Shams ud-Din first came from Araq a city in Iran via Gilgit Skardu Road to Ladakh and Kashmir [2] as a political envoy of Hassan Shah and then became an independent religious missionary. He is considered founder of Shia Islam in Gilgit, Ladakh, Kashmir and its adjoining areas.[3] [2] After arriving in Srinagar, he established his Khanqah in the suburbs, now known as Zaddibal. His Khanqah was burnt by Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat. He was best known for influencing the nobles of the Chak clan to embrace the Nurbakshi faith as well as Shia Islam. Mir Sham ud-Din Iraqi translated the book Fiqh-i-Ahwat (book of jurisprudence), which was written in Arabic by his teacher Syed Muhammad Nurbaksh.[citation needed] He was martyred in 1515 A.D.and was buried at Zaddibal Srinagar. [2] Later his funeral was shifted to Chadoora due to unforeseen conditions. Presently he is buried at the Shrine of Chadoora.[2] He is a descendant of Musa al-Kazim.

Family tree of Mir Shams-ud-din Araqi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shiri Ram Bakshi (1997). Kashmir: Valley and Its Culture. Sarup & Sons. p. 231. ISBN 978-81-85431-97-0.
  2. ^ a b c d تاریخ شیعیان کشمیر [History of the Shiites of Kashmir].
  3. ^ Yatoo, Altaf Hussain (2012). The Islamization of Kashmir: A Study of MuslimMissionaries. Kashmir, India: Gulshan Books. ISBN 9788183391467.