Mir Shams-ud-Din Araqi
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Mir Shams-ud-Din Araqi
میر شمس الدین اراقی
|Born||c. 1440 CE (13 Rajab 861 AH)|
|Died||c. 1515 CE (01 Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal 936 AH)|
|Resting place||Tomb of Shams-ud-Din Araqi, Chadoora, Kashmir Valley|
|Other names||Mir Syed Muhammad Musavi Isfahani|
|Based in||Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir|
|Period in office||1460–1515|
|Predecessor||Aga Mir Syed Ibrahim Musavi Isfahani|
|Successor||Mir Syed Daniyal Araqi|
|Post||Allama, Sufi cleric|
|Part of a series on Sufi Islam|
Mir Shams-ud-Din Muhammad Araqi (Persian: میر شمس الدین محمد اراقی; c. 1440–1515 CE), also known as Mir Syed Muhammad Musavi Isfahani, was an Iranian Sufi Muslim saint. Araqi was part of the order of Twelver Shia Sufis in Jammu and Kashmir who greatly influenced the social fabric of the Kashmir Valley and its surrounding regions.
Araqi was born in Kundala, a village near Suliqan to Darvish Ibrahim and Firuza Khatun. Darvish was a Sufi dedicated to Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani while Firuza was descended from a sayyid family from Qazvin.
Arrival in Kashmir and work
Araqi migrated to the Kashmir region from Araq, Iran via the Gilgit–Skardu road into Ladakh as an envoy of Hassan Shah, eventually becoming an independent religious missionary. He is considered by some to be the effective founder of Shia Islam in Ladakh and Gilgit–Baltistan, as well as in the rest of Jammu and Kashmir and its adjoining areas. After arriving in Srinagar, he established his Khanqah in the suburbs (now known as Zaddibal), which would later go on to produce many of Kashmir's future military leaders. He was best known for influencing the nobles of the Chak clan to embrace the Noorbakshia Sufi Islamic faith as well as Shia Islam as a whole. Araqi translated the Fiqh-i-Ahwat (book of jurisprudence), which was written in Arabic by his teacher, Syed Muhammad Noorbaksh.
Araqi died in 1515 and was buried at Zaddibal in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. His body was later shifted to Chadoora for unknown reasons, where he is currently buried at a Sufi Islamic shrine. Araqi was a descendant of Musa al-Kadhim, the seventh Imam in Twelver Shia Islam.
- Tomb of Shams-ud-Din Araqi
- Genocide of Kashmiri Shias
- Tafazzul Husain Kashmiri
- Shia Islam in the Indian subcontinent
- Shiri Ram Bakshi (1997). Kashmir: Valley and Its Culture. Sarup & Sons. p. 231. ISBN 978-81-85431-97-0.
- Bashir, Shahzad (2003). Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions: The Nūrbakhshīya Between Medieval and Modern Islam. University of South Carolina Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-1-57003-495-4.
- تاریخ شیعیان کشمیر [History of the Shiites of Kashmir].
- Yatoo, Altaf Hussain (2012). The Islamization of Kashmir: A Study of Muslim Missionaries. Kashmir, India: Gulshan Books. ISBN 9788183391467.