Mir Turab Ali Khan, Salar Jung I

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Mukhtar-ul-Mulk, Shuja ud-Daula, Nawab Sir

Mir Turab Ali Khan

Salar Jung I, GCSI
Sir Salar Jung.jpg
The Nizam's indispensable Prime Minister, Sir Salar Jung
Born1829
Died1883 (aged 53–54)
Burial placeDaira Mir Momin, Sultan Shahi, Hyderabad[1]
RelativesAsaf Jah VI (son-in-law)
FamilySalar Jung family
Prime Minister of Hyderabad
In office
1853–1883
MonarchAsaf Jah IV
Asaf Jah V
Asaf Jah VI
Preceded bySiraj ul-Mulk
Succeeded bySalar Jung II

Sir Mir Turab Ali Khan, Salar Jung I, GCSI (1829–1883), Indian statesman of Hyderabad. He was considered the greatest Prime Minister of Hyderabad.[2] He arranged for his daughter, Amat-uz-Zahra, to marry Nizam Asaf Jah VI and he became the maternal grandfather of Asaf Jah VII, last Nizam of Hyderabad. However, he died well before his grandson became Nizam.

Vanity Fair caricature by Spy (Leslie Ward).

Early life[edit]

Khan was born in Bijapur. He was a descendant of a family which had held various appointments, first under the Adil Shahi kings of Bijapur, then under the Delhi emperors and lastly under the Nizams. Teaching's to him was provided by Nawab Sarwar Ul Mulk who was his Political advisor later.

Career[edit]

He succeeded his uncle Siraj-ul-Mulk as the prime minister in 1853 at the age of 23.[3] Much later, he was given the title Salar Jung and first of the three prime ministers, all from his family, who held that title. The British knighted him as Sir Salar Jung, and was addressed by that name.[4] He was styled by native officials of Hyderabad the Mukhtaru 'l-Mulk, and was referred to by the general public as the Nawab Sahib.

Tenure as Diwan[edit]

Salar Jung I had completely reformed the administration of the Hyderabad State during his tenure as diwan (Prime Minister) and regent.

The condition of the Hyderabad state was, at that time, a scandal to the rest of India. Salar Jung began by infusing a measure of discipline into the Arab mercenaries, the more valuable part of the Nizam's army, and employing them against the rapacious nobles and bands of robbers who had annihilated the trade of the country. He then constituted courts of justice at Hyderabad, organized the police force, constructed and repaired irrigation works, and established schools.[3]

On the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857, he supported the British, and although unable to hinder an attack on the residency, he warned the British minister that it was in contemplation. The attack was repulsed; the Hyderabad contingent remained loyal, and their loyalty served to ensure the tranquility of the Deccan. Salar Jung took advantage of the preoccupation of the British government with the Rebellion to push his reforms more boldly, and when the Calcutta authorities were again at liberty to consider the condition of affairs his work had been carried far towards completion.

In 1867, the State was divided into five Divisions () and seventeen Districts, and subedars, or Governors, were appointed for the five Divisions and talukdars and tehsildars for the districts.[5]

During the lifetime of the Asaf Jah V, Salar Jung was considerably hampered by his master's jealous supervision. But when Mir Mahbub Ali Khan, succeeded his father in 1869, Salar Jung, at the instance of the British government, was associated in the regency with the principal noble of the state, the Shamsu 'l-Umara or Amir Kabir, and enjoyed a greater authority.[5]

In 1876, he visited England with the object of obtaining the restoration of Berar. Although he was unsuccessful, his personal merits met with full recognition.

Later years[edit]

He died of cholera at Hyderabad on 8 February 1883. He was created G.C.S.I., on 28 May 1870, and received the honorary degree of D.C.L. from the University of Oxford on 21 June 1876. His grandson enjoyed an estate of 1486 sq. mi., yielding an income of nearly Rs.60,000.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Modern Hyderabad (Deccan) 1914, pp. 36-37.
  2. ^ Law, Modern Hyderabad (Deccan) 1914, pp. 31-37.
  3. ^ a b Law, Modern Hyderabad (Deccan) 1914, pp. 33.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 26 October 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b Law, Modern Hyderabad (Deccan) 1914, pp. 35.

Further reading[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Siraj ul-Mulk
Prime Minister of Hyderabad
1853–1883
Succeeded by
Mir Laiq Ali Khan, Salar Jung II