Mir of Hunza

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Mir of Hunza was the title of rulers in the Hunza Valley in the Northern Areas, Pakistan.

Etymology[edit]

The Mir used to have the Burushaski title of Thum (also Tham or Thom), later changed to Mir, a Persian form of the Arabic title Emir.

Timeline[edit]

    • Mir Salim Khan I
    • Mir Shah Sultan Khan
    • Mir Shahbaz Khan (1710 - Unknown)
    • Mir Shahbeg Khan
    • Mir Shah Khisrow Khan (1750 - 1790)
    • Mir Mirza Khan (1790)
    • Mir Salim Khan II (1790 - 1825)
    • Mir Gazanfar Ali Khan I (1825 - 1864)
    • Mir Muhammad Gazan Khan I (1864 - 1886)
    • Mir Safdar Ali Khan (1886 - 1891)
      • Mir Safdar fled to China after conquest of Hunza and Nagar States by British Forces in December 1891. His younger brother Nazim Khan was placed in his position by British Raj in September 1892.
    • Mir Muhammad Nazim Khan (1892 - 1938)
    • Mir Muhammad Gazan Khan II (1938 - 1945)
    • Mir Muhammad Jamal Khan (1945 - 1976)
      • Jamal Khan was last ruling Mir of Hunza. His emperorship was abolished as a result of dissolution of Hunza state by Z.A. Bhutto on 25th september 1974.
    • Mir Gazanfar Ali Khan II (1976–Present)[1]

Abolishment[edit]

In 1974 the state became a part of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan under the Pakistani Federal Government. The last Mir of Hunza was Mir Muhammad Jamal Khan.

Current Situation[edit]

In the years to follow, the title of Mir was used as symbol of respect for the former Mirs of Hunza. Consequently, Mir Mohammad Jamal Khan's eldest son, Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan (born 31 December 1945), uses the title of Mir on his official documents. Amongst other benefits to the former rulers, the federal Government also pays a privy purse or a monthly stipend to the current Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan. The family is also allowed to retain the former vehicle number plates bearing 'Hunza'.

After the abolition of Hunza State, the Northern Areas, now known as Gilgit-Baltistan region, fell under the jurisdiction of the federal government. Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan contested the elections several times from his hometown of Karimabad and served as a member of the Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly. His last position of prominence was as Leader of the House and the first Chief Minister of Gilgit-Baltistan under the rule of President Musharraf.

In the general election of 2009, Mir Ghazanfar's son Prince Shehryar Khan (born 5 June 1977) contested the election in place of his father but did not succeed in securing the majority votes from the region; however, he won by a majority in his hometown of Karimabad.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hunza Rulers and brief History". www.chiefacoins.com. Retrieved 2016-08-24. 

External links[edit]