Miraflores District, Lima
Location of Miraflores in Lima province
|Founded||January 2, 1857|
|• Mayor||Jorge Muñoz|
|• Total||9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi)|
|Elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|Population (2005 census)|
|• Density||9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (PET)|
Miraflores is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is an exclusive residential and upscale shopping district south of downtown Lima. It is also one of the most affluent districts that make up the city of Lima. It has various hotels (including the Hilton, the JW Marriott, and the Belmond), restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and department stores. Miraflores is one of the main tourist attractions in Lima.
Founded as San Miguel de Miraflores, it was established as a district on January 2, 1857. As a result of the Battle of Miraflores fought during the War of the Pacific, Miraflores got the designation of Ciudad Heroica ("Heroic City"). The current mayor is Jorge Muñoz. The district's postal code is 18.
- North: San Isidro and Surquillo
- East: Surquillo and Santiago de Surco
- South: Barranco and Santiago de Surco
- West: Pacific Ocean
Climate Miraflores has a marine climate, characterized by mild, humid, and comfortable conditions. Temperatures oscillate from 13 °C (55 °F) to 18 °C (64 °F) in winter, and from 20 °C (68 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) in summer. Low clouds are frequent, especially during winter, when morning drizzles are not uncommon. Heavy rain is almost unseen.
The only pre-Inca ruin remaining in Miraflores, Huaca Pucllana (formerly Hispanicized as Juliana) can still be seen. The Spanish town of Miraflores was established in the 16th century. However it was merged into the Lima Metropolitan Area as the city expanded during the early 20th century. During the War of the Pacific (1879–1885), the district was the scene of the Battle of Miraflores. Two thousand people died as a result and the district was sacked and burned by Chilean invaders.
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According to a 2010 estimate by the INEI, the district has 85,065 inhabitants and a population density of 8,516.84 persons per km². In 2010, there were 28,116 households in the district. Miraflores has a high Human Development Index at 0,986 and the lowest poor population in Lima, with only 1.80% of the district living in poverty. Along with its northern neighbour, San Isidro, Miraflores is inhabited primarily by upper-class residents and is consistently listed as one of the three most expensive districts in the country.
Culture and education
The district is also a cultural center, with theaters, cinemas and art galleries. It also has a pre-Inca mud-brick temple called the Huaca Pucllana, one of a number of archaeological sites found in Lima.
Private schools predominate in Miraflores, with the district housing 128 such institutions as of 2010. Conversely, the district is home to only 12 public schools; this can be attributed to the socioeconomic makeup of the district. Schools are divide into primary (grades 1-6) and secondary school (grades 1-5 or 7-11). Since in Peru school only takes 11 years, the typical university education is 5 years long (for undergraduates).
In terms of education, the Miraflores district lodges some of the most prestigious private schools in Peru, such as the British schools Markham College, and San Silvestre School, the German school Deutsche Schule Alexander von Humboldt, and the Swiss school Colegio Pestalozzi. It also lodges the University of Piura and the Raúl Porras Barrenechea Institute of the National University of San Marcos.
The district is full of hotels, cafés, pubs, restaurants and shops, which draw large crowds of the local population on Sundays. Parque Kennedy, Miraflores' central plaza, regularly has flea markets and art exhibitions. Larcomar, a shopping mall overlooking the Pacific coast, is located in Miraflores, and is very popular among tourists, young people, and the middle and upper classes. There are restaurants, stores, a food court, ice cream shops, arcades, bowling alleys, nightclubs, bars, and the most modern cinema in Lima.
The main tourist attractions include La Huaca Pucllana, Kennedy Park, the church of the Miraculous Virgin (Iglesia Virgen Milagrosa), the Lover's Park (Parque del amor), Larcomar, and Calle de las Pizzas (Pizza Street). The Calle de las Pizzas, located in downtown Miraflores, is a favourite among the youth, foreigners and locals alike; it has many pubs, and as its name implies, offers not only drinks but also varieties of pizzas.
Miraflores has always been a major hub for tourists in Lima. There are a number of hotels in the area, including a couple of international hotel brands. Furthermore, there are several shops selling souvenirs and tourist products. The Miraflores Park Hotel is one of the district's five-star hotels.
The Costa Verde ("green coast") area has several beaches, which draw surfers and beachgoers during the summertime. However, these rocky beaches are not as popular with bathers as the large, sandy beaches in the districts south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa, San Bartolo, Lurín and Punta Negra. La Marina Lighthouse is located on the cliffs overlooking the Costa Verde.
Paragliders launch from the coastal cliffs, providing there is enough wind.
- "Informacion General" INEI. Retrieved on 16 September 2017.
- "Informacion General" INEI. Retrieved on 16 September 2017.
- "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 23–29, 2004. "Lan Peru" 98.
- "Our Offices in Peru." Aeroperú. August 13, 1997. Retrieved on March 14, 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 20–26, 1996. "Aeroperu" 44.
- Pensacola Sister Cities
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (April 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Miraflores travel guide from Wikivoyage
- (in Spanish) Municipalidad de Miraflores - Miraflores District Council official website
- (in Spanish) Museo de Sitio Huaca Pucllana (Pucllana Museum Site)
- (in Spanish) Huaca Pucllana Photo Gallery - Huaca Pucllana in Miraflores Photo Gallery
- Miraflores A Magnificent City - Pictures
- 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores - 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores
- Street View of Miraflores Larco Mar