Mirafra

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Mirafra
Bengal bushlark (Mirafra assamica) in Kolkata W IMG 4596.jpg
Bengal bush lark (Mirafra assamica)
in Kolkata (West Bengal, India)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Mirafra
Horsfield, 1821
Diversity
24 species (but see text)
Mirafra distribution map.png
     global range of genus[1]
Synonyms
  • Geocoraphus
  • Megalophonus
  • Spilocorydon

Mirafra is a genus of lark in the Alaudidae family. Some Mirafra species are called "larks", while others are called "bush larks". They are found from Africa through South Asia to Australia.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The phylogeny of larks (Alaudidae) was reviewed by Alström et al. (2013) who found that the following species form a well supported monophyletic group, which is the sister lineage to Heteromirafra.[2]

Extant species[edit]

The genus contains twenty-four species:[3]

Former species[edit]

Some authorities, either presently or formerly, recognize several additional species as belonging to the genus Mirafra including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Based on maps in the Handbook of the Birds of the World and the BirdLife Datazone
  2. ^ Alström, Per; Barnes, Keith N.; Olsson, Urban; Barker, F. Keith; Bloomer, Paulette; Khan, Aleem Ahmed; Qureshi, Masood Ahmed; Guillaumet, Alban; Crochet, Pierre-Andre; Ryan, Peter G. (2013). "Multilocus phylogeny of the avian family Alaudidae (larks) reveals complex morphological evolution, non-monophyletic genera and hidden species diversity". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69: 1043–1056. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.005.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Nicators, reedling, larks". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Certhilauda chuana - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  5. ^ "Pinarocorys nigricans - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  6. ^ "Pinarocorys erythropygia - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  7. ^ "Ammomanes deserti phoenicuroides - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  8. ^ "Ammomanes phoenicura - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-17.
  9. ^ "Eremopterix hova - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  10. ^ "Calendulauda sabota - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  11. ^ "Calendulauda naevia - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  12. ^ "Calendulauda poecilosterna - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  13. ^ "Calendulauda alopex - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  14. ^ "Calendulauda intercedens - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  15. ^ "Calendulauda africanoides - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  16. ^ "Calendulauda albescens - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  17. ^ "Calendulauda burra - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  18. ^ "Calendulauda erythrochlamys - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  19. ^ "Calendulauda barlowi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  20. ^ "Heteromirafra ruddi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  21. ^ "Heteromirafra archeri - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  22. ^ "Heteromirafra sidamoensis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  23. ^ "Galerida modesta struempelli - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-06.
  24. ^ "Galerida modesta bucolica - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-06.