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Laxmi Market Miraj
|• Type||Municipal corporation|
|• Body||Sangli-Miraj and kupwad municipal corporation|
|• Mayor||Mr. Harun Shikalgar|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Miraj ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in southern Maharashtra, India, that was founded in the early 10th century. It was an important Jagir of the Adil Shahi Court of Bijapur. Chhatrapati Shivaji stayed in Miraj for two months during his South India Campaign. Because of its location, Miraj has been held as a strategic bastion: it was the capital of Miraj Senior and an important junction on the central railway network. The Pathwardhan family were the hereditary rulers of Miraj until independence. Miraj City is part of the Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation formed in 1999. The city is recognised for performance of Hindustani classical music, for its medical services and as a place of religious harmony. The annual Ganesh Visarjan procession is an attraction which lasts for an average of twenty hours. Miraj is mainly recognised for medical treatment and Indian string instruments.
- 1 History
- 2 Climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Hindustani Classical Music
- 5 String Instruments
- 6 Educational Institutions Nearby Miraj
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable Hospitals in Miraj
- 9 Medicine
- 10 Places of Worship
- 11 Educational Institutions
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
In 1024 AD, Miraj was ruled by Narsimha of the Silahar dynasty. From 1216 to 1316, the Yadavas of Devgiri ruled the town. In 1395, the Bahamanis conquered Miraj. Between 1391 and 1403, Miraj was affected by the Durgadevi famine. From 1423, Malik Imad Ul Mulk ruled Miraj. 1494 was the year of Bahadur Khan Gilani's rebellion. For two months of 1660, Shivaji Maharaj and Adilshah battled for control of Miraj. In 1680, Santaji Ghorpade became Deshmukhi of Miraj and six years later, the town was captured by Aurangzeb. In 1730, Chatrapati Shahu of Satara instructed Pant Pratinidhi to attack the town. Shahu gains power in Miraj on 3 October 1739 and brings Maratha rule. In 1761, Harbhat Patwardhan's son, Gopalrao, took the Miraj Jagir from Peshwa Madhavrao. In 1801, the Miraj was divided into two parts, Miraj and Chintamanrao with Sangli. In 1819, British rule is established and in 1948, the Princedom of Miraj becomes part of the Republic of India.
Shilahara. (1000 to 1216)
At the end of the 9th century, the Silaharas of Kolhapur gained rule of Miraj. Jattiga II (circa 1000-1020 AD), the fourth ruler of Silahar dynasty, appears in the records of his son, Narasimha (circa 1050 to 1075 AD). Jattiga II was succeeded by his son, Gonka who has been described in inscriptions as the conqueror of Karahata (Karhad), Mirinj Miraj and Konkan. The Shilaharas were able to retain the rule of Miraj despite nearby military action by Chavan-raja, the general of Chalukya Jayasirhha II.
Yadavas and Bahamanis. (1216 to 1347)
In 1216, Miraj, along with other territories of Silaharas, was conquered by the Yadavas. In 1318, the Bahamanis gained control. Historian, Tazkirat-ul-Mulk, reported that Hasan, the founder of the Bahamani dynasty, was in the employ of the Saikh Muhammad Junaidi at Gangi near Miraj. Hasan found a treasure with which he raised an army, marched on Miraj. He defeated and imprisoned Rani Durgavati, the subhedar of Miraj and captured the town's fort. At the behest of Saikh Muhammad, the name of the town was changed to Mubarakabad in 1347 (748 Hijri).
The builder of the Miraj fort is unknown. It probably predates the Bahamani sultans even though they might have repaired it and increased its fortifications. They used the fort as a base for military expeditions against South Konkan and Goa. Firishta mentions the fort in an account of the rebellion of Bahadur Gilani in 1494, which was quelled by Sultan Muhammad II (1452–1515). Muhammad II took the fort from its governor, Buna Naik, who acquiesced to the new ruler. Gilani's troops were offered the options of joining Muhammad's army and being treated with leniency or leaving. About 2000 soldiers left the fort to join Gilani's rebel forces. The main entrance of the fortress was a huge gate about 30 ft (9.1 m) high but it has been demolished in recent times.
Fall of the Bahamani Empire
The power of the Bahamani rulers waned under the influence of powerful provincial governors. In 1490, the rule of Miraj passed to the Sultanate of Bijapur. During the later years of his reign, Ibrahim Ali Shah I (1534–1558) kept his son, Ali Adil Shah I (1558–1580), under house arrest in Miraj. On Ibrahim's death in 1580, Miraj became a point d' appui (an assembly point) for Ali's troops in his assuming the throne. Subsequently, the troops of Miraj fought with Ismail against Ibrahim Adil Sah III.
Rise of the Maratha Empire
By the mid-1640s the Muslim Bijapur sultanate was weakening. Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, was growing in power. He went to battle against the Bijapuris and the Mughals. On 28 November 1659, (within 18 days of Afzal Khan's, the Bijapuri sardar's, death at Pratapgad, Panhala), the western Adil Sahi district was surrendered to Annaji Datto (Shivaji's finance minister). Unlike other towns, the Miraj fort resisted. Shivaji, who was encamped at Kolhapur, sent Netaji Palkar to besiege Miraj. In January, 1660, Shivaji arrived to personally command the three-month-long ongoing siege. However, news of attacks by Siddi Johar and Fazal Khan caused his return to Panhala. The siege of Miraj was abandoned and negotiations began. Under the rule of Sambhaji, Maratha generals (Santaji Ghorpade and Dhanaji Jadhav) chose Miraj as a safe place for their families while they were conducting guerilla actions against the invading Aurangzeb forces of the Mughal emperor.
In 1687, Bijapur fell to the Mughals. Miraj remained under Mughal rule until 3 October 1739. On that day, it was captured by Chhatrapati Shahu after a military campaign of two years, reflecting the fall of the last defences of the Mughals.
The Patwardhan dynasty ruled Miraj as the capital of a principality, overseen by British rule. Miraj was part of the southern division of the Bombay Presidency which in turn was part of the southern Mahratta Jagirs, and later the Deccan States Agency. In 1820, the state of Miraj was divided into Miraj Senior and Miraj Junior. The territory of both regions was distributed among other native states and British districts. The area of Miraj Senior was 339 square miles (880 km2). In 1901, its population was 81, 467. Its revenue was £23,000 and the tax paid to the British was £800. The population of the town of Miraj in 1901 was 18, 425. It lay on a junction on the Southern Mahratta Railway.
|Climate data for Miraj|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.3
|Average low °C (°F)||12.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4.1
|Source:  "Government of Maharashtra"|
As of the 2011 census, the population of the Miraj area is as follows.
Hindi,Marathi and Kannada are the widely spoken languages.
Hindustani Classical Music
Miraj is a popular place for artists to perform at Urus and Navratrotsav. The administrative office of the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya is at Miraj. This area is known for its sitars, both in talent and expertise in playing.
- Ustad Abdul Karim Khan
- Vishnu Digambar Paluskar
- Hirabai Badodekar
- Vinayakrao Patwardhan
- Bal Gandharva made his debut performance at Hans Prabha Theatre, Miraj. In the same location, the Balgandharva Natyagruha was named for him.
- Ustad Abdul Karim Khan, a doyen of the Kirana gharana, lies interred within the Khvaja Samsuddin Mira Saheb dargah. An annual music festival at the dargah takes place in his memory.
- Ram Kadam (composer), Marathi Films Musician
Miraj supplies Indian string instruments such as the Sitar, Sarod, and Tanpura. These are made of wood and specially treated gourds. The art of instrument making was developed by Faridsaheb Sitarmaker in the 18th century, and his descendants follow this tradition. The small area of Miraj is responsible for creating sitars and are renowned for their craftsmanship. The traditional craft of making this instruments is passed down generation to generation instilling the vitality of the small markets of Miraj.
Educational Institutions Nearby Miraj
- Walchand College of Engineering
- Bharti Vidyapeeth
- Government Medical College, Miraj
- Government Polytechnic, Miraj
- Willingdon College
- Chintamanrao College of Commerce
- Shikshanmaharshi Dr.Bapuji Salunkhe College
Vasatndada Patil Institute Of Management and Research Studies ( BBA, MBA, BCA, MCA) College JJ Magdum College Of Engineering Latte Polytechnic Kupwad
Miraj Junction railway station is an important junction on the Central Railway. It was the only junction to have all three rail gauges - broad gauge, narrow gauge and metre gauge. The last narrow gauge train departed on 1 November 2008. Miraj now has only broad gauge railway tracks. Miraj is connected by railway to Pune on the north, Kurduvadi via Pandharpur on north-northeast and Belgaum and Goa in the south. In February, 2011, passenger trains from Kolhapur to Solapur began running on the converted Miraj-Pandharpur-Kurduvadi broad gauge track.
- Exit NH4 at Peth Naka while driving from north (from Mumbai and Pune).
- Exit NH4 at Shiroli Naka while driving from south (from Goa, Belgaum or Bangalore).
The two exits from NH4 form a triangle with Sangli and Miraj which lie about 50 km from each exit. Though the time taken to travel from Miraj is variable, depending on speed and other factors, Mumbai is about 7 hours and Bangalore is about 11 hours drive away.
Notable Hospitals in Miraj
- Wanless Hospital
- Siddhivinayak Cancer Hospital
- Bharti Hospital
- Civil Hospital
- vaile memmrial hospital
- Dr.Prani Hospital
- Dr.G.S. Kulakarni Fracture Centre
- Saraswati hospital, shivaji nagar,miraj
- Dadasaheb Chavan Memorial Hospital, Miraj
- Krupamaiee Mental Hospital, Miraj
- Dr. Kumbhar Orthopedic, Miraj
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College, Wanlesswadi, Miraj
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Wanlesswadi,Miraj
- Government Medical College, Miraj
- Gulabrao Patil Homeopathy Medical College, Miraj
The Wanless Hospital, a major teaching hospital with 500 beds, was founded in Miraj in 1894. Its founder was Sir William James Wanless (1865-1933), a Canadian missionary physician. He was sent by the Presbyterian Church of the United States. In 1928, Wanless was knighted for his service to humanity by King George V.
In the 19th century, Miraj was recognised for its Vaidyas, practitioners of traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Within India, Miraj has the highest number of hospitals per capita.
Open Heart Surgery
It was in April 1962, in Miraj, that R. K. Padhi – an Indian cardiac surgeon trained in Canada – and A. G. Fletcher – a general and thoracic surgeon from the USA – performed the first successful open-heart operation in India. The Miraj Heart Institute is a tertiary referral centre for congenital and acquired heart disease as well as thoracic and vascular disease, both elective and acute. It services Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.
Places of Worship
- The "Khaja Meerasaheb dargah", Dargah of Meerasaheb Avalia was built in the 14th century. The dargah is a secular site and hosts annual music festival during the Urus.
- Ambabai Temple, Miraj
- Annabua Maharaj Samadhi Mandir, Miraj
- Maidan Datta Mandir, Miraj
Schools like New English School Miraj, Adarsh Shikshanmandir, Jubilee Kanya Shala,Vidyamandir Prashala, Ideal English School, Bethesda School and St Alphonsa school have given many bright students to the City & the Country and some of them have become successful internationally too...
- Sir William James Wanless - Founder of Wanless Hospital.
- Laxmi Market Building
- Ganesh Talav
- Vairan Bazar