Miramar (New Zealand electorate)

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Miramar was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south-eastern suburbs of Wellington. It was created in 1946, replacing Wellington East, and was replaced by Rongotai for the first MMP election of 1996.

Population centres[edit]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Miramar.[1] The electorate's boundary was initially located on the Rongotai isthmus that is occupied by Wellington Airport.[2] This boundary slowly shifted towards the city of Wellington in subsequent electoral redistributions.[3] The electorate boundaries were unaffected by the electoral redistributions in 1972 and 1987.[4] The electorate was abolished in 1996, when it was replaced by the Rongotai electorate.

History[edit]

The electorate was marginal, and changed several times between the parties. The first representative in 1946 was Bob Semple of the Labour Party.[5] Semple did not stand for re-election in 1954 and died at New Plymouth in January 1955.[6]

Semple was succeeded by Labour's Bill Fox, who served from 1954 until his defeat in the 1966 election by National's Bill Young.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Labour    National  

Election Winner
1946 election Bob Semple
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Bill Fox
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Bill Young
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Peter Neilsen
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Graeme Reeves
1993 election Annette King
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Rongotai)

Election results[edit]

1993 election[edit]

General election, 1993: Miramar[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Annette King 10,352 46.4
National Graeme Reeves 7,757 34.7 -8.7
Alliance Bill Hamilton 2,590 11.6
NZ First Andrew Campbell 960 4.3
Christian Heritage Robin Corner 353 1.5
McGillicuddy Serious H S Thornton 187 0.8
Natural Law W Shepard 65 0.2
Private Enterprise Frank Moncur 35 0.1 ±0
Majority 2,595
Turnout 22,299 11.6

1990 election[edit]

1990 general election: Miramar[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Graeme Reeves 8,789 43.4
Labour Peter Neilson 8,237 40.7 -16.6
Green Denis Foot 1,914 9.4
NewLabour Josie Bullock 965 4.7
McGillicuddy Serious John Morrison 123 0.6
Democrats D R Coad 69 0.3 -2.0
Social Credit C J Whittaker 64 0.3
Independent M Day 29 0.1
Private Enterprise Frank Moncur 17 0.1 ±0
Majority 552 2.7
Turnout 20,207

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Neilson 11,556 57.3 +7.9
National I G MacFarlane 7,495 37.1
Democrats D R Coad 468 2.3
Independent V L Walker 433 2.1
McGillicuddy Serious S M Smith 143 0.7
NZ Party B H Purvis 50 0.2
Private Enterprise Frank Moncur 32 0.1 ±0
Majority 4,061 20.2 +4.6
Turnout 22,983 90.6 -5.0

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Neilson 11,102 49.4 +3.5
National Don Crosbie 7,603 33.8
NZ Party Michael Anthony Bungay 3,424 15.2
Social Credit P M Lines 279 1.3
Independent John Kirk 43 0.2
Private Enterprise Frank Moncur 31 0.1
Majority 3,499 15.6 +12.5
Turnout 24,072 95.6 +4.7

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Neilson 9,821 45.9
National Bill Young 9,172 42.8 -1.6
Social Credit R W Carlisle 2,303 10.7 +0.8
Independent G N McCardle 121 0.6
Majority 649 3.1
Turnout 23,667 90.9 +25.5

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Bill Young 9,236 44.4 -5.4
Labour Bill Jeffries 8,921 42.8
Social Credit R W Carlisle 2,065 9.9
Values Denis Welch 611 2.9
Majority 315 1.6 -7.7
Turnout 32,014 65.4 -16.8

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Bill Young 9,413 49.8 +2.1
Labour John Wybrow 7,664 40.2
Values Cathy Wilson 956 5.1
Social Credit F J C Morgan 773 4.1 +0.6
Independent G Nieris 45 0.
Majority 1,749 9.2 +7.0
Turnout 23,044 82.2 -9.3

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Miramar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Bill Young 8,294 47.9 -4.6
Labour Brian Edwards 7,860 44.7
Social Credit F J C Morgan 677 3.5 -1.7
Values D Tindill 630 3.2
New Democratic K Boyd 54 0.2
Independent J D Howard 50 0.2
Majority 434 2.2 -8.0
Turnout 19,299 91.5 +0.5

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Bill Young 9,134 52.5 +5.9
Labour Charles Troughton 7,345 42.3
Social Credit F J C Morgan 898 5.2 -2.4
Majority 1,789 10.2 +9.4
Turnout 19,255 91.0 +4.4

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Bill Young 7,767 46.6 -0.3
Labour Bill Fox 7,621 45.8 -3.5
Social Credit F J C Morgan 1,259 7.6
Majority 146 0.8
Turnout 19,255 86.6 -5.3

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Fox 8,465 49.3 +0.7
National Bill Young 8,049 46.9
Social Credit G Johnson 662 3.8
Majority 416 2.4 -0.8
Turnout 18,782 91.9 +2.1

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Fox 7,186 48.6 -5.7
National B L Lyons 6,719 45.4
Social Credit R W Johnson 893 6.0 +1.2
Majority 467 3.2 -10.2
Turnout 16,555 89.8 -4.0

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Fox 8,417 54.3 +2.5
National Clevedon Costello 6,340 40.9
Social Credit R W Johnson 736 4.8
Majority 2,077 13.4 +3.0
Turnout 16,571 93.8 +5.0

1954 election[edit]

General election, 1954: Miramar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Fox 7,576 51.8
National R J McConnell 6,049 48.1
Social Credit R M Gunn 998 6.8
Majority 1,527 10.4
Turnout 16,584 88.8 +0.2

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Miramar[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 6,785 51.9 -2.2
National C H Taylor 5,878 44.2 +3.3
Majority 501 3.8 -6.1
Turnout 14,788 88.6 -3.1

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Miramar[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 7,193 54.1 -5.0
National C H Taylor 5,878 44.2
Communist Kenneth Stanton 229 1.7
Majority 1,315 9.9 -8.3
Turnout 14,570 91.7 +1.4

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Miramar[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 8,064 59.1
National Leonard Theodor Jacobsen 5,582 40.9
Majority 2,482 18.2
Turnout 14,996 90.3

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 94.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94–126.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115, 127.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 233.
  6. ^ Richardson, Len. "Semple, Robert". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 197, 247.
  8. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  9. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 278.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 277.
  12. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.