Mirante do Vale

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Mirante do Vale
Mirante do Vale Building.jpg
Mirante do Vale
Record height
Tallest in South America from 1960 (1960) to 1972 (1972)[I]
Preceded by Altino Arantes Building
Surpassed by Coltejer Building
General information
Type Office
Location São Paulo, Brazil
Address Prestes Maia Avenue, 241
Coordinates 23°32′31.97″S 46°38′07.26″W / 23.5422139°S 46.6353500°W / -23.5422139; -46.6353500Coordinates: 23°32′31.97″S 46°38′07.26″W / 23.5422139°S 46.6353500°W / -23.5422139; -46.6353500
Construction started 1959 (1959)
Completed 1960 (1960)
Inaugurated 1966 (1966)
Height
Roof 170 m (558 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 51
Floor area 75,000 m2 (810,000 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators 12
Design and construction
Architect Waldomiro Zarzur
Engineer Aron Kogan

Mirante do Vale Building (Portuguese: Condomínio Mirante do Vale, loosely translated as Overlook of the Valley Condominium), commonly called Mirante do Vale, is a 170-metre (558 ft) office skyscraper located in São Paulo, Brazil, in the area of Downtown São Paulo and Vale do Anhangabaú. Constructed from 1959 to 1960, it is the tallest building in São Paulo, and it was also the tallest in Brazil until 2014 when it was surpassed by Millennium Palace in Balneário Camboriú, Santa Catarina.

Construction[edit]

The building was built and designed by structural engineer Waldomiro Zarzur and architect Aron Kogan.

History[edit]

View of Mirante do Vale in Brigadeiro Tobias Street
View of Mirante do Vale from the Altino Arantes Building

Designed by engineer Waldomiro Zarzur with Aron Kogan, the Mirante do Vale is located in the region of Vale do Anhangabaú, having access via three entrances, one on Prestes Maia Avenue, another on Pedro Lessa Square, and another on Brigadeiro Tobias Street. The construction of the skyscraper took two years. Waldomiro was an engineer with considerable experience. His first work, a house at Afonso Brás Street, Vila Nova Conceição, was performed when he was just 21 and still studying engineering at Mackenzie. At that time, the friendship with fellow student Aron Kogan became a society - which lasted until 1960, when Kogan was murdered Waldomiro took over the company.

It's possible to have an aerial view of Vale do Anhangabaú by visiting the observatory of the Altino Arantes Building or of the Edifício Itália, places that seem to be higher. It can also be seen from Viaduto do Chá and Viaduto Santa Efigênia, the latter well in front of the building. In some seasons after its completion the building had a concrete structure poured into the top dotted with big neon signs of various brands, such as Fanta and Sharp, among others.

The building was known as the Palácio Zarzur Kogan (Zarzur Kogan Palace) until 1988. Being located in a valley, Mirante do Vale sits on a lower part of the city compared to the other two and is, therefore, perceived as being lower than other buildings in the city, such as the Edifício Itália or the Altino Arantes Building. Another factor that contributes to the relative lack of knowledge of people towards the building is that it is closed for public visitation, although access to the top can be granted by permission.[1]

Observation[edit]

On top of Mirante do Vale, it is possible to observe the entire region of Downtown São Paulo and part of the Paulista Avenue, including buildings Itália and Altino Arantes.

A bird's eye view of Mirante do Vale is possible from the observation decks of either the Altino Arantes Building or the Edifício Itália.

View over Downtown São Paulo, and Edifício Itália, in the top of Mirante do Vale

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Tightrope on top of Sao Paulo". All City New York. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Altino Arantes Building
Tallest building in South America
170 m (558 ft)
1960–1972
Succeeded by
Coltejer Building
Tallest building in Brazil
170 m (558 ft)
1960–2014
Succeeded by
Millennium Palace
Tallest building in São Paulo
170 m (558 ft)
1960–present
Succeeded by
-