Mircea Cărtărescu

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Mircea Cărtărescu
Mircea cartarescu by cosmin bumbutz.jpg
Bucharest 2003
Born (1956-06-01) 1 June 1956 (age 59)
Bucharest, Romania
Occupation Poet, novelist, essayist, journalist, professor
Period 1978 – present
Literary movement 80s Generation, Blue Jeans Generation, Postmodernism

Mircea Cărtărescu (Romanian pronunciation: [mirˈt͡ʃe̯a kərtəˈresku]; born 1 June 1956) is a Romanian poet, novelist and essayist.

Born in Bucharest, he graduated from the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Letters, Department of Romanian Language And Literature, in 1980. Between 1980 and 1989 he worked as a Romanian language teacher, and then he worked at the Writers Union and as an editor at the Caiete Critice magazine. In 1991 he became a lecturer at the Chair of Romanian Literary History, part of the University of Bucharest Faculty of Letters. As of 2010, he is an associate professor.[1] Between 1994-1995 he was a visiting lecturer at the University of Amsterdam.

Works[edit]

His debut as a writer was in 1978 in România Literară magazine.

Poetry[edit]

  • Faruri, vitrine, fotografii..., ("Headlights, shop windows, photographs...") Cartea Românească, 1980 - Writers Union Prize, 1980
  • Poeme de amor ("Love Poems"), Cartea Românească, 1982.
  • Totul ("Everything"), Cartea Românească, 1984.
  • Levantul (The Levant), Cartea Românească, 1990 - Writers Union Prize, 1990, republished by Humanitas in 1998.
  • Dragostea ("Love"), Humanitas, 1994.
  • 50 de sonete de Mircea Cărtărescu cu cincizeci de desene de Tudor Jebeleanu ("50 Sonnets by Mircea Cărtărescu With Fifty Drawings by Tudor Jebeleanu"), Brumar, 2003

Prose[edit]

Essays[edit]

  • Visul chimeric (subteranele poeziei eminesciene) ("Chimerical Dream - The Underground of Eminescu's Poetry"), Litera, 1991
  • Postmodernismul românesc ("Romanian postmodernism"), Ph.D. thesis, Humanitas, 1999
  • Pururi tânăr, înfăşurat în pixeli ("Forever young, wrapped up in pixels"), Humanitas, 2003
  • Baroane! ("You Baron!"), Humanitas, 2005

Audiobooks[edit]

  • Parfumul aspru al ficţiunii ("The Rough Fragrance of Fiction"), Humanitas, 2003

Awards and honours[edit]

  • 1980 Romanian Writers' Union Prize
  • 1989 Romanian Academy's Prize
  • 1990 Romanian Writer's Unions Prize, Flacăra magazine Prize, Ateneu magazine Prize, Tomis magazine Prize, Cuvântul magazine Prize
  • 1992 Le Rêve nominee for: Prix Mèdicis, Prix Union Latine, Le meilleur livre étranger
  • 1994 Romanian Writer's Union Prize, ASPRO Prize, Moldavian Writers' Union Prize
  • 1996 ASPRO Prize, Flacăra magazine Prize, Ateneu magazine Prize, Tomis magazine Prize, Cuvântul magazine Prize
  • 1997 Flacăra magazine Prize, Ateneu magazine Prize, Tomis magazine Prize, Cuvântul magazine Prize
  • 1999 Orbitor's French translation nominee for Prix Union Latine
  • 2000 Romanian Writers Association Prize
  • 2002 ASPRO Prize, AER Prize
  • 2006 Grand Officer of the Cultural Merit Order (Ordinul "Meritul cultural" în grad de mare ofiţer), awarded by Romanian Presidency
  • 2011 Vilenica Prize
  • 2012: International literatur prize „Haus der Kulturen der Welt 2012”, Berlin [2]
  • 2013: Spycher - Literary Prize Leuk, Switzerland[3]
  • 2013: Grand Prix of the Novi Sad International Poetry Festival[4]
  • 2014 Best Translated Book Award, shortlisted for Blinding, translated from the Romanian into English by Sean Cotter [5]
  • 2014 Premio Euskadi de Plata to the Best Book of 2014 for Las Bellas Extranjeras (Frumoasele străine), translated from the Romanian into Spanish by Marian Ochoa de Eribe (Editorial Impedimenta)

Controversies[edit]

Mircea Cărtărescu and his work as a writer and journalist were, over time, subject to controversy, controversy and accusations. Among the most significant are:

  • charges of plagiarism present in several literary magazines, including the one mentioned by the journalist Victor Roncea (Oglinda literară magazine, no. 161, May 2015, p. 10850)[6] accusation refers to how to use an excerpt from the author's book Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy,[7]:p. 174 in his debut Faruri, vitrine, fotografii....[8]:pp 32–33 The same accusation does the writer Virgil Diaconu on the magazine Actualitatea literară, 17 march 2014 [5]. Cartarescu stated its views in an article previously published in Romania Literary of 12 February 1981, saying the full takeover of a sentence or to be personal creation is "a simple and well known process artistic" without to mention what it is artistic process. Cartarescu defend themselves since that time saying that the poem contains the substance to quote some texts with the character of cultural, literary value of these quotes not one, but a cultural allusion. Cartarescu considered inadequate interpretation of the poem marking the different characters quotes or passages concerned.[9]

Victor Roncea in a newspaper article, Cotidianul no. 22 June 2015, considers that Mircea Cărtărescu recognize, after 35 years, the plagiarism in his debut book, because the book "Poetry" published at Humanitas, miraculously same passage is put in quotes! [6]. Acclaimed literary critic and eminescolog Theodor Codreanu signals, in turn, plagiarism in an article in the magazine Convorbiri literare nr. din 23 decembre 2013 (the volume Transmodernismul is the original source, Junimea, 2005; second edition, Iasi Princeps Edit 2011.), adding that once "with optzeciştii occurs but a resurrection of the spirit synchronous as relapse in the primacy of imitation, of what Eminescu had called disease epigonism, yet in 1870 (Epigones). Ba, imitation go to parodism and even plagiarism, eufemisticizat in technical intertextuality the very start generation leader, Mircea Cărtărescu in headlights, windows, pictures (1980), "experiment" declined from the moment of publication, by Cezar Ivănescu precisely because he threatened to "canonization" plagiarism ".[7]

  • charge to be given a preferential support (in terms of financing and promotion) of the Romanian Cultural Institute in the time that was led by Horia Roman Patapievici. The charges were presented in a series of articles in the newspaper Cotidianul[10][11] și la postul de televiziune Antena 3, în cursul anului 2012. Mircea Cărtărescu replied in an article published in the newspaper Adevărul.[12]
  • Mircea Cărtărescu claim that he served with laborious fervor bassist regime being ultrarăsfăţat it, and did not hesitate to attack the Romanian people, identity and values of the Romanian people. Article name Intellectuals 'new' and freedom gulf was written in the journal Contemporary by Aura Christi on June 24, 2015 (II). Bogdan Olteanu, an romanian politician, accuses in two open letters Mircea Cartarescu and Patapievici have a dictatorial thinking that lack of backbone and put in the service of Basescu for money. Olteanu reproaches Cartarescu that is the exponent of the school of thought "Carol", which led to dictatorship and legionarism [8]
  • Mircea Cartarescu charge that cohabited with Security as a second lieutenant, he was trained as politruk in case of war and wrote the magazine "activist" Security Forces Command. The accusation was published by Victor Roncea in the journal Oglinda literară, nr. 161, mai 2015, pag. 10850[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.unibuc.ro/ro/catd_flclr_ro
  2. ^ "Mircea Cărtărescu premiat la Berlin" (in Romanian). Retrieved June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Mircea Cărtărescu a câștigat Spycher - Literaturpreis Leuk în Elveția" (in Romanian). Gândul. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Premiu elveţian pentru Mircea Cărtărescu" (in Romanian). Retrieved November 2014. 
  5. ^ Chad W. Post (April 14, 2014). "2014 Best Translated Book Awards: Fiction Finalists". Three Percent. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ Acuzația lui Victor Roncea despre plagiatul lui Mircea Cărtărescu în revista Oglinda literară nr. 161, mai 2015, pag. 10850
  7. ^ Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy , Editura pentru Literatura Universala, București,1969
  8. ^ Mircea Cărtărescu, Faruri, vitrine, fotografii..., Cartea Românească, București, 1980
  9. ^ Mircea Cărtărescu, Precizare, în România Literară, anul XVI, nr. 7, din 12 februarie 1981 la [1], accesat la 22.03.2013
  10. ^ Ion Spînu, Primele date despre jaful de la ICR (I): Imaginea lui Cărtărescu a costat statul 4.086.887.500 lei, publicat în ziarul Cotidianul, luni, 08 octombrie 2012, la [2] accesat la 22.03.2013
  11. ^ Ion Spînu, În numele soțului, și nevasta lui Cărtărescu este abonată la banii ICR, publicat în ziarul Cotidianul, duminicã, 13 mai 2012, la [3], accesat la 22.03.2013
  12. ^ Ana-Maria Onisei, Reacția lui Mircea Cărtărescu la acuzele din ultima vreme: „Orbirea de azi ne poate costa viitorul” publicat în ziarul Adevărul, 15 octombrie 2012, la [4] accesat la 22.03.2013
  13. ^ Acuzația că Mircea Cartarescu a coabitat cu Securitatea ca sublocotenent, că a fost antrenat ca politruc în caz de război și a scris la revista “Activistul” a Comandamentului Trupelor de Securitate. Articol în revista Oglinda literară nr. 161, mai 2015, pag. 10850

External links[edit]