Mirebeau-sur-Bèze

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Mirebeau-sur-Bèze
Commune
2012 août 10395 la Bèze à Mirebeau sur Bèze.jpg
Coat of arms of Mirebeau-sur-Bèze
Coat of arms
Mirebeau-sur-Bèze is located in France
Mirebeau-sur-Bèze
Mirebeau-sur-Bèze
Coordinates: 47°23′59″N 5°19′09″E / 47.3997°N 5.3192°E / 47.3997; 5.3192Coordinates: 47°23′59″N 5°19′09″E / 47.3997°N 5.3192°E / 47.3997; 5.3192
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Dijon
Canton Saint-Apollinaire
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Laurent Thomas
Area1 22.19 km2 (8.57 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,912
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 21416 /21310
Elevation 193–250 m (633–820 ft)
(avg. 199 m or 653 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Mirebeau-sur-Bèze is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in eastern France.

Mirebeau is the site of a monumental Roman Legionary Fortress, or castrum for about 5000 legionaries.[1] Extensive aerial reconnaissance and excavations since 1964 have shown the extent of the site and its presence of the Roman Legion Legio VIII Augusta. The large camp had ramparts, gates, principia (headquarters), store-houses, baths and an amphitheatre, and after the latest archaeology, a wharf on the River Bèze.

Tile stamps of the VIIIth Legion show that the camp was built in 70 AD, when the legion arrived with Vespasian in Gaul to oppose the revolts of the Treveri and especially the Ubii and Lingons against Rome. The legion left in 86 AD, at latest, to its next base at Argentoratum (Strasbourg).

A civil canabae built-up outside the fortress and continued after the army left at the crossroads of ancient roads on the site of the present village, becoming a substantial settlement. A theatre was restored by a Roman citizen’s daughter when it was falling into ruin. Upstream an important celtic and later Gallo-Roman sanctuary had developed. [2]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 889 —    
1968 1,004 +12.9%
1975 1,107 +10.3%
1982 1,426 +28.8%
1990 1,464 +2.7%
1999 1,603 +9.5%
2008 1,912 +19.3%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.legionaryfortresses.info/index.htm
  2. ^ Le camp légionnaire de Mirebeau (Goguey, Reddé, 1995)