|Born||June 22, 1968|
|Occupation||Playwright, novelist, essayist|
|Revised Romanization||Yu Mi-ri|
|In Japanese: Yū Miri|
Yu was born in Tsuchiura, Ibaraki Prefecture and grew up in Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture as one of four children born to Korean parents. Her father, a son of Korean immigrants, worked at a pachinko gambling parlor. Her mother, a refugee from the Korean War who fled to Japan from South Korea, worked as a hostess in a bar.
Yu's father was often abusive, and eventually her parents divorced when Yu was a child. Being often the victim of bullying at school, and after several suicide attempts, she found refuge in literature after reading the literary works of Edgar Allan Poe, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, William Faulkner and Truman Capote.
After dropping out of the Yokohama Kyoritsu Gakuen high school, she joined the Tokyo Kid Brothers (東京キッドブラザース) theater troupe and worked as an actress and assistant director. In 1986, she formed a troupe called Seishun Gogetsutō (青春五月党), and the first of several plays written by her was published in 1991.
In the early 1990s, Yu switched to writing prose. Her novels include Furu Hausu (フルハウス, "Full House", 1996), which won the Noma literary prize for best work by a new author; Kazoku Shinema (家族シネマ, "Family Cinema," 1997), which won the prestigious Akutagawa Prize; Gōrudo Rasshu (ゴールドラッシュ, "Gold Rush" 1998), which was translated into English as Gold Rush (2002); and Hachi-gatsu no Hate (8月の果て, "The End of August," 2004). She has published a dozen books of essays and memoirs, and she was an editor of and contributor to the literary quarterly "en-taxi ". Her best-selling memoir Inochi (命, "Life") was made into a movie, also titled Inochi.
Yu's first novel, a semiautobiographical work titled Ishi ni Oyogu Sakana (石に泳ぐ魚, "The Fish Swimming in the Stone") published in the September 1994 issue of the literary journal Shinchō, became the focus of a legal and ethical controversy. The model for one of the novel's main characters—and the person referred to indirectly by the title—objected to her depiction in the story. The publication of the novel in book form was blocked by court order, and some libraries restricted access to the magazine version. After a prolonged legal fight and widespread debate over the rights of authors, readers, and publishers versus individuals' rights to privacy, a revised version of the novel was published in 2002.
After the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami Yu began to travel to the affected areas often, and from March 16, 2012, she hosted a weekly radio show called "Yu Miri no Futari to Hitori" (柳美里の二人と一人, "Yu Miri's Two People and One Person") on a temporary emergency broadcasting station called Minamisōma Hibari FM, based in Minamisōma, Fukushima.
Her 2014 novel Tokyo Ueno Station reflects her engagement with historical memory and margins by incorporating themes of a migrant laborer from northeastern Japan and his work on Olympic construction sites in Tokyo, as well as the March 11, 2011 disaster. In November 2020, Tokyo Ueno Station won the National Book Award for Translated Literature for a translation by translator Morgan Giles.
Yu has experienced racist backlash to her work because of her ethnic background, with some events at bookstores being canceled due to bomb threats.
In 1999, she became pregnant with a married man and took refuge with a former lover suffering from cancer. He took care of her during her pregnancy and died shortly after her child was born in 2000. These events form the basis of her memoir Inochi. Since April 2015, Yu has lived in Minamisōma, Fukushima. In 2018, she opened a bookstore called Full House and a theatre space called LaMaMa ODAKA at her home in Odaka District. On 2020, she was baptized at the Haramachi Catholic Church in Minamisōma and was given the name Teresa Benedicta, the religious name of Saint Edith Stein.
She is a single mother and has one son.
Published in English
- Gold Rush, Welcome Rain. (2002). ISBN 1-56649-283-1. Translated by Stephen Snyder.
- "Specimens of Families" in Zainichi Literature: Japanese Writings by Ethnic Koreans edited by John Lie. (2018). ISBN 1-55729-180-2. Translated by Abbie (Miyabi) Yamamoto.
- Tokyo Ueno Station, Tilted Axis. (2019). ISBN 1911284169. Translated by Morgan Giles.
- Doi, Daisuke. "作家・柳美里さんが福島につくった本屋「フルハウス」 絶望した人の「魂の避難場所」に". 好書好日 (Good Life with Books). 朝日新聞社 (Asahi Shimbun). Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- Her Antenna Is Tuned to the Quietest Voices
- Napack, Jonathan; Tribune, International Herald (April 6, 2002). "A rebel in Japan clings to her freedom (Published 2002)" – via NYTimes.com.
- Iwata-Weickgenannt, Kristina (2019). "The roads to disaster, or rewriting history from the margins—Yū Miri's JR Ueno Station Park Exit". Contemporary Japan. 31 (2): 180–196. doi:10.1080/18692729.2019.1578848. S2CID 166752041.
- "'Tokyo Ueno Station' by Yu Miri wins U.S. book award". The Japan Times. 2020-11-19. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
- Alter, Alexandra (November 19, 2020). "Charles Yu Wins National Book Award for 'Interior Chinatown'" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Book Break : Yu Miri, Author of "Tokyo Ueno Station"". February 25, 2021 – via youtube.com.
- @yu_miri_0622 (2 April 2021). "受洗から、もうすぐ1年になります。わたしは、昨年の復活徹夜祭に、カトリック原町教会で洗礼を受け、テレサ・ベネディクタという名前を授けられました。アウシュビッツの強制収容所でその生涯を終えた、ユダヤ人哲学者の修道名です。" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- La Valse de Miri Miri Yu's official Web site (in Japanese)
- Miri Yu's unofficial blog (in Japanese)
- Miri Yu's photoblog and diary (in Japanese)
- Miri Yu's other language works list (in Japanese)
- Miri Yu at J'Lit Books from Japan (in English)
- Synopsis of Gold Rush at JLPP (Japanese Literature Publishing Project) (in English)