Miriam (given name)
|Nickname(s)||Mimi, Miri, Mim|
|Related names||Maria, Mariamne, Mary, Maryam, Mira, Miryam, and Mary|
Origin and variants
The origin of the Hebrew: מִרְיָם, Modern Miryam, Tiberian Miryām is not clear. It may mean "wished-for child", "bitter", "rebellious" or "strong waters". Alternatively, bearing in mind that many Levite names are Egyptian, it might be derived from an Egyptian word myr "beloved" or mr "love". A more convoluted Christian interpretation of the name's variant form Maryam led to its translation as "drop of the sea" ("Stilla Maris" in Latin), and due to a copying error further to "star of the sea" or "Stella Maris"; alternatively, the same understanding might have been reached directly through association with מאור (ma'or), "star" (see Our Lady, Star of the Sea).
Rashi, an 11th-century Jewish commentator on the Bible, wrote that the name was given to the sister of Moses because of the Egyptians' harsh treatment of Jews in Egypt. Rashi wrote that the Israelites lived in Egypt for two hundred ten years, including eighty-six years of cruel enslavement that began at the time Moses' elder sister was born. Therefore, the girl was called Miriam, because the Egyptians made life bitter (מַר, mar) for her people.
Mary, the mother of Jesus, bore a Judeo-Aramaic variant of this name, Maryām (מרים). In the New Testament of the Bible, written in Greek, her name is transformed to Mariam (Μαριάμ) or Maria. Several other women in the New Testament, including Mary Magdalene, are called by the same name.
Because of Mary's great significance to two other world religions, variants of her name are often given to girl children in both Christian and Islamic cultures. In the Quran, Mary's name assumed the Arabic form Maryam (مريم), which has also passed into other languages. The Greek variant Maria passed into Latin and many modern European languages.
Notable people named Miriam
- Miriam, the sister of Moses
- Woman with seven sons, Jewish martyr named in Lamentations Rabbah as Miriam bat Tanhum
- Mary the Jewess, also known as Miriam the Prophetess, believed to have lived some time between the first and third centuries AD, and considered to be the first non-fictitious alchemist
- Miriam, daughter of Rashi
- Miriam (TV personality) (born c. 1981), Mexican transwoman who starred in There's Something About Miriam
- Miriam Ben-Porat (1918–2012), Israeli judge and state comptroller
- Miriam Cani (born 1985), Albanian singer
- Miriam Defensor Santiago (born 1945), Senator in the Philippines
- Miriam Flynn (born 1952), American voice artist and character actress
- Miriam Gallardo (born 1968), Peruvian volleyball player
- Miriam Goldberg (born 1916), American newspaper publisher and editor
- Miriam Gonzalez (born 1977), Playboy playmate
- Miriam Israeli (born 1966), American-Israeli singer and lyricist
- Miriam Leslie (1828–1914), American author, publisher, woman suffrage advocate, and philanthropist
- Miriam McDonald (born 1987) Canadian actress, star of Degrassi: The Next Generation
- Miriam Makeba (born 1932), South African singer and activist
- Miriam Margolyes (born 1941), a British actress
- Miriam O'Callaghan, several notable people share this name
- Miriam Pirazzini (born 1918), Italian singer
- Miriam Ramón (born 1973), Ecuadorian racewalker
- Miriam Roth, Israeli writer and scholar of children's books, kindergarten teacher, and educator
- Miriam Shaviv (born 1976), literary editor of the Jerusalem Post
- Miriam Stockley (born 1962), English South African-born singer
- Miriam Stoppard (born 1937), British physician, author, television presenter, and agony aunt
- Miriam Toews (born 1964), Canadian author
- Miriam Yalan-Shteklis (1900–84), Israeli writer and poet
- Miriam Yeung (born 1974), Hong Kong singer-actress
Notable people named Myriam
- Myriam Abel or Myriam Morea (born Myriam Abdel Hamid, 1981), French singer of Algerian descent
- Myriam Avalos, Peruvian pianist
- Myriam Baverel (born 1981), French martial artist
- Myriam Bédard (born 1969), retired Canadian athlete
- Myriam Birger (born 1951), French pianist
- Myriam Boileau (born 1977), Canadian diver
- Myriam Bru (born 1930), French actress
- Myriam Capes (born 1984), Canadian fitness champion
- Myriam Casanova (born 1985), Swiss tennis player
- Myriam Fares (born 1983), Lebanese singer
- Myriam Flühmann (born 1986), Swiss figure skater
- Myriam Fox-Jerusalmi (born 1961), French canoer
- Myriam Francois-Cerrah (born 1983), British actress
- Myriam Glez (born 1980), French swimmer
- Myriam Hernández (born 1967), Chilean singer-songwriter and television presenter
- Myriam Korfanty (born 1978), French handball player
- Myriam Léonie Mani (born 1977), Cameroonian athlete
- Myriam Leuenberger (born 1987), Swiss figure skater
- Myriam Lignot (born 1975), French synchronized swimmer
- Myriam Marbe (1931–1997), Romanian composer and pianist
- Myriam Merlet (c. 1957–2010), Haitian political activist
- Myriam Montemayor Cruz (born 1981), Mexican pop star known as "Myriam"
- Myriam Moscona (born 1955), Mexican journalist
- Myriam Muller (born 1971), Luxembourgian actress
- Myriam Sarachik (born 1933), Belgian physicist
- Myriam Shehab (born 1982), Lebanese singer known as "Melissa"
- Myriam Sirois (born 1975), Canadian actress
- Myriam Soumaré (born 1986), French athlete
- Myriam Vanlerberghe, Belgian politician
- Myriam Yardeni (born 1932), Romanian-born Israeli historian
- Miriam bat Mordecai, in The Roman Mysteries
- Miriam Blaylock, in 1983 film The Hunger
- Miriam Leveirs, in D.H. Lawrence's novel Sons and Lovers
- Miriam Pataki, from the cartoon Hey Arnold!
- Miriam Rooth, in Henry James's novel The Tragic Muse
- Miriam was the other name of Queen Marion in the 4kids version of Winx Club.
- Miriam is the title character (or characters) of Truman Capote's eponymous short story, his first widely acclaimed fictional work from 1949.
|Look up Appendix:Names derived from Miryam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Behind the Name: Mary
- Meaning, origin and etymology of the name Miriam, Abarim Publications
- Rashi. "Commentary on Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs)". p. 2:13. "From the time that Miriam was born, the Egyptians intensified the bondage upon Israel; therefore, she was called Miriam, because they made it bitter (מַר) for them."
- Dan Isaac Slobin, The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition, p.342
|This page or section lists people that share the same given name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change that link to point directly to the intended article.|