Miriam Gideon (October 23, 1906 – June 18, 1996) was an American composer.
Miriam Gideon was born in Greeley, Colorado, on October 23, 1906. She studied organ with her uncle Henry Gideon and piano with Felix Fox. She also studied with Martin Bernstein, Marion Bauer, Charles Haubiel, and Jacques Pillois. She studied harmony, counterpoint, and composition with Lazare Saminsky and at his suggestion also composition with Roger Sessions, after which she abandoned tonality and wrote in a freely atonal or extended post-tonal style.
Gideon moved to New York City, where she taught at Brooklyn College, City University of New York (CUNY) from 1944 to 1954 and City College, CUNY from 1947 to 1955. She then taught at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America at the invitation of Hugo Weisgall in 1955, and at the Manhattan School of Music from 1967 to 1991. She was rehired by City College in 1971 as full professor and retired in 1976.
In 1949 Gideon married Brooklyn College assistant professor Frederic Ewen. Both were political leftists. Ewen, who refused to testify before the Rapp-Coudert Committee in 1940, was summoned to testify before the Senate Internal Security Committee chaired by Democratic Senator Pat McCarran in 1952. He retired to avoid testifying. Miriam Gideon was investigated by the FBI, and in 1954 and 1955 she resigned from her music teaching posts at City College and Brooklyn College.
Gideon composed a lot of vocal music, setting texts by Francis Thompson, Christian Morgenstern, Anne Bradstreet, Norman Rosten, Serafin, Joaquín Quintero and others. Selected compositions include Lyric Piece for Strings (1942), Mixco (1957), Adon Olom, Fortunato, Sabbath Morning Service, Friday Evening Service, and Of Shadows Numberless (1966).
She was the second woman inducted into American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1975, following Louise Talma who was inducted in 1974.
She died in New York City.
Gideon's 1958 opera Fortunato, edited by Stephanie Jensen-Moulton, was published as part of the Recent Researches in American Music series by A-R Editions in 2013. Jensen-Moulton has published extensively on Gideon, including a number of essays available online, including "Setting an 'Unused Poem': Miriam Gideon’s 'Böhmischer Krystall' " for the American Composers Alliance. 
The Miriam Gideon Prize
The International Alliance for Women in Music (IAWM) offers the Miriam Gideon Prize annually for female undergraduate and graduate students who are members of IAWM. Applicants must be 50 years of age or over, and submit an original unpublished musical score for voice and piano or voice and small chamber ensemble.
1 ADON OLOM (1957)
satb, ob, tpt in C, strings: vl1, vl2, vla, vc, cb
2 ADON OLOM (1958)
3 AIR FOR VIOLIN & PIANO (1950)
4 AYELET HASHAKHAR (Morning Star) SONGS OF CHILDHOOD ON HEBREW TEXTS (1990)
med voice, pf
5 BELLS (1966)
low or medium voice and piano
6 BÖHMISCHER KRYSTALL (1988)
or Sop, pf
7 DIVERTIMENTO for Wind Quartet (1957)
fl, ob, cl, bsn
8 ECLOGUE (1990)
9 EPITAPHS FROM ROBERT BURNS (1952)
high, low voice versions with piano
10 FANTASY ON IRISH FOLK-MOTIVES (1975)
ob, bsn (or cello) ,vla, perc (1) (vib, glock, tam-tam (medium))
11 FAREWELL TABLET TO AGATHOCLES (from 'Songs of Voyage') (1961)
Med voice, pf
12 FORTUNATO (A Chamber Opera in 3 Scenes) (1958)
piano, vocal soloists
13 GERMAN SONGS (1937)
high or low voice, piano
14 HABITABLE EARTH, THE (Cantata) (1966)
satb soli, mixed chor, ob, pf or org
15 HOMMAGE A MA JEUNESSE (To My Youth) Sonatina for Two Pianos (1935)
16 LITTLE IVORY FIGURES PULLED WITH STRING (1950)
medium voice (some spoken, non-pitched, some sung) and guitar
17 LOCKUNG (1937)
high voice, piano
18 LYRIC PIECE (1941)
19 LYRIC PIECE (1955)
20 MAY THE WORDS OF MY MOUTH (1957)
21 MIXCO (1957)
voice and piano (high, med, and low versions available)
22 OF SHADOWS NUMBERLESS (Suite) (1966)
23 POET TO POET (Song Cycle for High Voice and Piano) (1987)
high voice, piano
24 QUARTET, for Strings (1946)
25 RONDO APPASSIONATO (1990)
piano, perc, cello
26 SHE WEEPS OVER RAHOON (1940)
high voice, pf
27 SIX CUCKOOS IN QUEST OF A COMPOSER (1957)
28 SLOW, SLOW FRESH FOUNT
29 SLOW,SLOW FRESH FOUNT
30 SONATA FOR CELLO AND PIANO (1991)
31 SONATA FOR PIANO (1983)
32 SONATA FOR VIOLA & PIANO (1957)
33 SONGS OF VOYAGE (1964)
high voice or low voice, piano
34 SONNETS FROM FATAL INTERVIEW (1961)
mez sop, pf
35 SONNETS FROM FATAL INTERVIEW (1961)
mez sop,vln, vla,vcl
36 SONNETS FROM SHAKESPEARE (1986)
medium low voice, piano
37 SONNETS FROM SHAKESPEARE (1986)
high or low voice, trumpet (Bb), string quartet OR string orchestra
38 STEEDS OF DARKNESS (1990)
high voice, fl, ob, perc, vc, pf
39 SUITE FOR CLARINET AND PIANO (1972)
cl in A (or bassoon) and piano
40 SWEET WESTERN WIND (1956)
41 SYMPHONIA BREVIS (1953)
2-2-2-2,4-2-2-0, timp, strings
42 TANGO LANGOROSO
43 THREE BIBLICAL MASKS (1958)
44 THREE BIBLICAL MASKS (for Purim) (1979)
45 THREE CORNERED PIECES (1935)
pf (for young musicians)
46 TO MUSIC (1990)
high, medium, or low voice, with piano
47 THE TOO-LATE BORN (1939)
high voice, piano
48 TRIO (1978)
clarinet in A, vcl, pf
49 VERGIFTET SIND MEINE LIEDER (1937)
high voice, piano
50 VOICES FROM ELYSIUM (1984)
high voice, fl, clar, vln, vcl, pf
51 WHERE WILD CARNATIONS BLOW (A Song to David)
Soli, mixed choir, ch orch 1-1-0-0-, 0-2-0-0-,timp, strings
52 A WOMAN OF VALOR (EISHET CHAYIL) (1982)
medium voice, piano
- Hisama, Ellie M. (2001). Gendering Musical Modernism: The Music of Ruth Crawford, Marion Bauer, and Miriam Gideon, pp. 6–7. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-64030-X.
- Robert Adlington, ed., Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc after 1945 (Oxford University Press, 2013),[page needed], ISBN 9780197265390
- Jensen-Moulton, Stephanie (2012). "Setting an "Unused Poem": Miriam Gideon's "Böhmischer Krystall"". American Composers Alliance. Archived from the original on 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- Search for New Music by Women Composers: Past Award Recipients, retrieved October 14, 2015
- "Miriam Gideon". American Composers Alliance. February 19, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- Kielian-Gilbert, Marianne. "Of Poetics and Poeisis", p. 44-67. Discusses Of Shadows Numberless.
- Perle, George (1958). "The Music of Miriam Gideon", American Composers Bulletin 7/4, 4.
- Shaw, Jennifer (1995). "Moon Tides and male Poets: (En)gendering Identity in Miriam Gideon's Nocturnes, paper presented at the Feminist Theory and Music III conference, University of California at Riverside.
- Miriam Gideon Papers, 1905-1992 Music Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts.
- Art of the States: Miriam Gideon
- Miriam Gideon at AllMusicGuide
- Miriam Gideon interview, June 18, 1986