Mirian I of Iberia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mirian I (Georgian: მირიანი; more precisely Mirvan, მირვანი) was king of Iberia from 159 BC to 109 BC.[1] His name (Mihrbān), of Middle Iranian origin, means "friendly, kind", and is derived from Old Iranian Mithrāpāna, meaning "having the protection of Mithra".[1]

When Saurmag, the second king of Iberia, died without a male heir, the dynasty survived in the female line through the marriage of Saurmag's daughter to Mirian, who is referred to as Nebrot'iani (ნებროთიანი), which means the "race of Nimrod" a generic term applied to the ancient Iranian nobility.[2] The dynasty that Mirian ruled is thus referred as the Nimrodid or second Pharnavazid dynasty.[3] Mirian had his daughter married to the Artaxiad prince Artaxias, whose father Artavasdes I (r. 160–115) was the incumbent king of Armenia.[3] Mirian is further reported to have defeated a mountaineers' invasion of the province of Kakheti, and is credited with the fortification of the Daryal Pass as well as to contributing to the cult of Ainina and Danina.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rapp 2014, p. 222.
  2. ^ Toumanoff 1969, p. 10; Rapp 2009, p. 674
  3. ^ a b Toumanoff 1969, p. 10.
  4. ^ Rapp 2003, p. 281.

Sources[edit]

  • Rapp, Stephen H. (2003). Studies in Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts and Eurasian Contexts. Peeters. ISBN 978-2-87723-723-9.
  • Rapp, Stephen H. (2009). "The Iranian Heritage of Georgia (2009)". Russian State Humanities University: 645–692. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) Free to read
  • Rapp, Stephen H. (2014). The Sasanian World through Georgian Eyes: Caucasia and the Iranian Commonwealth in Late Antique Georgian Literature. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-1472425522.
  • Toumanoff, Cyril (1969). "Chronology of the early kings of Iberia". Traditio. Cambridge University Press. 25: 1–33. JSTOR 27830864. (registration required)
Preceded by
Saurmag
King of Iberia
159–109 BC
Succeeded by
Pharnajom