Mirjana Gross

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Mirjana Gross
Mirjana Gross.jpg
Born (1922-05-22)22 May 1922
Zagreb, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (present-day Zagreb, Croatia)
Died 23 July 2012(2012-07-23) (aged 90)
Zagreb, Croatia
Nationality Yugoslav
Croat
Occupation Writer, historian

Mirjana Gross (born Mirjam Gross; 22 May 1922 – 23 July 2012) was a notable Yugoslav-Croatian Jewish[1][2] historian and writer.[3]

Life and career[edit]

Gross was born in Zagreb to Jewish parents, Mavro and Ella Gross, on 22 May 1922. During World War II and the occupation of Yugoslavia, Gross and her parents hid out near Zagreb in the village of Drenje Brdovečko until 1943, when they were arrested by the Nazis. She and her mother were deported to the Ravensbrück concentration camp where they worked as forced laborers for "Siemens & Halske AG" producing bombs. Her father was deported to Buchenwald. Gross's father and other members of her family perished during Holocaust; she and her mother, however, survived.[4][5]

After the war she became a renowned Yugoslavian history professor.[6] Throughout her career, Gross studied Croatian history of 19th century and historical methodology. In the 1970s, she completed several research projects on modern Croatian history.[7] She authored books on Party of Rights, Ante Starčević and Eugen Kvaternik, among other subjects.

In 1997, the Institute for Croatian History at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb dedicated and published a representative collection of scientific articles in Gross's honor.[8]

Death[edit]

Gross died on 23 July 2012, aged 90, and was buried at the Mirogoj Cemetery.[9][10]

Honors[edit]

In 2001, Gross received the Josip Juraj Strossmayer award for the most successful and achieved scientific work "Authentic Party of Rights", published in Croatia and Croatian diaspora. In 2005, Gross was named among Croatia's 35 most important women in history.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 82)
  2. ^ Staff. "Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database: Mirjam Gross". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  3. ^ "U četvrtak ispraćaj povjesničarke Mirjane Gross na Krematoriju" (in Croatian). Večernji list. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  4. ^ Ruah Hadaša (Glasilo Židovske vjerske zajednice Bet Israel): Jasminka Domaš: Mirjam Gross (Zagreb 1922–2012): stranica 48, broj 20, godina V, 2012.(in Croatian)
  5. ^ Devčić, Karmela (27 July 2012). "Grossovi: Bježali su od ustaša, oca su ubili nacisti, a Mirjana je preživjela logor" (in Croatian). Jutarnji list. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  6. ^ Hrvatski državni arhiv; Prisilni rad i Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, 1941–45; Srpanj 2007; str. 31.(in Croatian)
  7. ^ Nikša Stančić, "Zavoda za hrvatsku povijest; Prof Dr Mirjana Gross, povjesničar" 19. stoljeća; Srpanj 2000; str. 477-79.(in Croatian)
  8. ^ Ciglar, Želimir (7 December 1999). "Arhiv vijesti" (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  9. ^ Gradska groblja Zagreb: Mirjam Gross, Mirogoj Ž-4-I-9.(in Croatian)
  10. ^ Mirjana Gross: In Memoriam (1922-2012), journals.cambridge.org; accessed 15 May 2015.
  11. ^ Biluš, Marina (4 July 2005). "Biramo najznačajniju Hrvaticu u povijesti" [Selecting the most significant Croatian woman in history] (in Croatian). Nacional. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb (in Croatian). Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8.