He graduated from the School of Applied Arts in Zagreb, published his first works in 1973, and has since been publishing comics and illustrations in magazines, such as Omladinski tjednik, Modra Lasta, Tina, Pitanja, and Start and has become the art and comics editor of the students' magazine Polet in 1976. That's when he organized an informal organization of the comic book creators Novi kvadrat (The New Square), that has been widely connected to the Novi val musical movement in Zagreb. Ilić design album covers of some of the most prominent Yugoslav bands of the time, such as Bijelo dugme, Prljavo kazalište, Parni Valjak, Azra, Film and many others. He designed the cover for the first album of Prljavo kazalište, which became a widely recognizable and iconic symbol for Punk rock in ex-Yugoslavia. He even wrote lyrics for the song Čovjek za sutra. Ilić appears in Sretno dijete, Igor Mirković's documentary about the Novi val (New wave) movement in Zagreb, as one of the most prominent figures of the movement. He also designed covers for the Croatian political weekly magazine Danas, as well as posters for theaters such as Teatar & TD and posters for movies. His most famous movie poster is for cult film Ko To Tamo Peva.
In 1977, Ilić started publishing his works in the established comics magazines outside Yugoslavia, such as Alter Alter, Métal Hurlant, Heavy Metal and Marvel's Epic Illustrated. In 1980, Novi kvadrat ceased to exist and Ilić entirely stopped working on the comics, and focused upon illustration and graphic design. In 1982, he started working for the Italian magazine Panorama.
In March 1986 he moved to New York. He started publishing his illustrations in Time, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and many other prominent and influential newspapers and magazines. In 1991, he becomes an art director of Time International, and the following year he became art director of the Op-Ed in the New York Times.
In 1995 he founded Mirko Ilić Corp., a graphic design and 3-D computer graphics and motion picture title studio. In 1998, he created the title sequence for the romantic comedy You've Got Mail with Milton Glaser and Walter Bernard.
In 1999, Mirko Ilić Corp. began designing visual identities for luxury hotels and restaurants. Some of his hotel clients include The Time Hotel in New York City, The Joule Hotel in Dallas, TX, Casa Moderna Hotel in Miami, FL, and Alpina Gstaad in Switzerland. Some restaurant clients include Le Cirque and La Fonda Del Sol in New York City, "Summit" and "Play" at The Broadmoor Hotel in Colorado Springs, Charlie Palmer in Dallas, TX, and "The Seafood Bar", "Echo", "Flagler Stakehouse", and "HMF" at The Breakers (hotel) in Palm Beach Florida.
Since 1999, Ilić has been a professor at the School of Visual Arts for their MFA in Illustration program.
In 2015, 38 pieces of his artwork were included in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). MoMA acquired artwork including posters, LP designs from his Yugoslavian period, and his designs of The New York Times OP-ED pages. In September 2015, four of his pieces were exhibited for the first time in MoMA's exhibition Making Music Modern.
His original illustrations for the covers of Time Magazine, among other pieces are a part of the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery in Washington D.C.
Since 2017, Ilić is the creator and organizer of the Tolerance Traveling Poster Show, an international exhibition that brings together leading designers from around the world to create posters on the topic of Tolerance. Past participating designers have included Milton Glaser, Paula Scher, Ralph Steadman, David Hillman, and Gunter Rambow, among others. To date, the show was exhibited over 64 times in 27 different countries. In 2019 he established the Tolerance Project Inc., a non for profit organization.
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Books about graphic design
Ilić is a co-author of several notable books about graphic design.
Co-authored with Steve Heller:
- Genius Moves: 100 Icons of Graphic Design
- Handwritten - expressive lettering in digital age
- Anatomy of Design
- Stop Think Go Do
- Lettering Large: Art & Design of Monumental Typography
- Presenting Shakespeare: 1,100 Posters from Around the World
- Head To Toe: The Nude in Graphic Design
Co-authored with Milton Glaser:
- Design of Dissent
- Design of Dissent - Expanded Edition