|5th President of the Constitutional Court of Croatia|
|Assumed office |
13 June 2016
|Preceded by||Jasna Omejec|
|Justice of the Constitutional Court of Croatia|
|Assumed office |
14 April 2009
|5th Minister of Justice|
18 May 1995 – 20 April 1998
|Preceded by||Ivica Crnić|
|Succeeded by||Milan Ramljak|
|Born||18 July 1958|
Blato, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Croatia)
|Alma mater||University of Zagreb|
Miroslav Šeparović (born 18 July 1958) is a Croatian lawyer who serves as the 5th President of the Constitutional Court of Croatia since 13 June 2016, had previously served as a 5th Minister of Justice in the Cabinet of Zlatko Mateša from 1995 to 1998.
Early life and education
He graduated law from the Zagreb Faculty of Law in 1981. He passed the bar exam in 1983, and notary exam in 1994. He earned his PhD from the same Faculty in 2013 with a thesis entitled, The welfare of the child and the principle of the best interests of the child in the practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the Croatian Constitutional Court.
After graduation, Šeparović worked as a legal clerk in the Blato Winery in Zagreb (1981-1983), and then in the Military building institution Prečko (1984-1986). In 1986, he was appointed judge of the Municipal Court in Zagreb. In 1989, Šeparović got employed in the Ministry of Justice where he worked in the Directorate for Property and Legal Affairs. In 1995, he was appointed Minister. As a Minister, Šeparović participated in the drafting and implementation of regulations in the areas of civil law, the judicial system and criminal law reform. In 1998, he got a job at the Croatian Intelligence Service and become deputy head of the National Security Office. Since year 2000, he worked in private practice as a lawyer. He also served as a defender of general Mladen Markač at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. On 14 April 2009, Croatian Parliament appointed him judge of the Constitutional Court.
Šeparović is a member of the Croatian Academy of Legal Sciences.
In 2018, Committee on Ethics in Science and Higher Education (CESHE) concluded that Šeparović was guilty of plagiarism since his doctoral thesis contained repeated instances of “incomplete and opaque citations” of other people’s work.
In response, Šeparović filed criminal complaints against all the five members of the CESHE because he thought that the Committee members misused their positions and overstepped the jurisdiction which was limited by the Constitutional Court in 2017. Whereas, CESHE chairman Ivica Vilibić considered that it was a new development in an ongoing effort to weaken the Committee.
- "Predsjednik | Ustavni sud RH" (in Croatian). Usud.hr. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- "Ustavni sudac ÂŠeparoviÄ‡ iz ustavnog prava imao 2!". Arhiva.dalje.com. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- Boris Bilas (20 June 2014). "SUDAC USTAVNOG SUDA Miroslav Šeparović u sukobu interesa zbog Obiteljskog zakona". Nacional.Hr. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
- "Sudac Šeparović: Špijun, odvjetnik i plagijator" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2018-02-27.
- "Croatia's top judge sues national ethics panel after it finds him guilty of plagiarism". Science | AAAS. 2018-02-22. Retrieved 2018-02-27.