Mirror website

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Mirror websites or mirrors are replicas of other websites. The main purpose of mirrors is often reduced network traffic, improved access speed, or improved availability of the original site.[1][2] Such websites have different URLs than the original, but host identical content to it.[3] Mirrors can also serve as real-time backups.[4]


Examples of websites with notable mirrors are KickassTorrents,[5][6][7][8] The Pirate Bay[9][10][11][12] WikiLeaks,[13][14] the website of the Environmental Protection Agency[15][16] and Wikipedia.[17][18][19] Examples of websites where a part of the website is mirrored are free and open-source software projects such as GNU[20], in particular Linux distributions such as Debian[21] and Fedora;[22] such projects provide mirrors of the download sites (since those expected to have high load), but not do necessarily mirror the main websites.

Malicious mirrors[edit]

There are known cases of mirror websites which attempt to gain sensitive information of or distribute malware to its users.[23] Other types of malicious mirrors might attempt to make profit from the content of other websites, identify users or manipulate website contents.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "What is Mirror Site? Webopedia Definition". www.webopedia.com. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "What is Mirror Site? - Definition from Techopedia". Techopedia.com. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Glushko, Robert J. The Discipline of Organizing: Core Concepts Edition. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". ISBN 9781491912812. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Wisshak, Max; Tapanila, Leif. Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9783540775973. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  5. ^ Russon, Mary-Ann (22 July 2016). "Kickass Torrents is back: New domains, mirrors and proxies show business is as usual". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Clark, Bryan (21 July 2016). "IsoHunt just launched a working KickassTorrent mirror". The Next Web. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Mexican Police Target Popular KickassTorrents 'Clone,' Seize Domain - TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. 23 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Wei, Wang. "New Kickass Torrents Site is Back Online by Original Staffers". The Hacker News. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "The Piratebay Blocked By Chrome, Mirror Sites Accessible". iTech Post. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  10. ^ "The Pirate Bay is blocked Australia wide... except it really isn't". CNET. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Pirate Bay Mirror Shut Down: Alternative Clone Had Kickass Torrents Skin, Vows To Continue". Tech Times. 24 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "Pirate Bay Blocked By Google Chrome And Firefox: Kickass Torrents Mirror, Extratorrent, Torrentz And Other Clones Accessible". Tech Times. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  13. ^ Greenemeier, Larry. "How Has WikiLeaks Managed to Keep Its Web Site Up and Running?". Scientific American. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Schroeder, Stan. "WikiLeaks Now Has Hundreds of Mirrors". Mashable. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "The EPA Posted a Mirror of Its Website Before Trump Can Gut the Real One". Vice. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  16. ^ Hiltzik, Michael (24 April 2017). "Did 'people power' save a trove of EPA data from a shutdown by Trump?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  17. ^ "How to set up your own copy of Wikipedia - ExtremeTech". ExtremeTech. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  18. ^ Broughton, John. Wikipedia: The Missing Manual. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". ISBN 9780596515164. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  19. ^ Ayers, Phoebe; Matthews, Charles; Yates, Ben. How Wikipedia Works: And how You Can be a Part of it. No Starch Press. ISBN 9781593271763. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  20. ^ "gnu.org". www.gnu.org. Retrieved 2017-08-27. 
  21. ^ "Debian worldwide mirror sites". www.debian.org. Retrieved 2017-08-27. 
  22. ^ "Home - MirrorManager". admin.fedoraproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-27. 
  23. ^ "Watch Out for Malicious Mirrors of KickassTorrents". PCMag UK. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.