Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah
Muhammad Yusuf Shah
محمد یوسف شاھ
|President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir|
30 May 1956 – 8 September 1956
|Preceded by||Colonel Sher Ahmed Khan|
|Succeeded by||Sardar Mohammad Abdul Qayyum Khan|
2 December 1951 – 18 May 1952
|Preceded by||Captain General Syed Ali Ahmed Shah|
|Succeeded by||Raja Muhammad Haydar Khan (interim)|
|Mirwaiz of Kashmir|
|Succeeded by||Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq|
|Born||19 February 1894|
Rajauri, Jammu and Kashmir, British India
|Died||12 December 1968 (aged 74)|
|Political party||All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference|
|Relations||Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq (nephew)|
Yusuf Shah was born on 13 Shaban 1311 Hijri (19 February 1894) at Rajauri to Ghulam Rasool Shah. In 1925, Shah started his education with Darul Uloom Deoband, where he was taught the ahadith by Anwar Shah Kashmiri. In 1931, he succeeded Attiqullah as the mirwaiz of Kashmir. In 1968 when he died, he was succeeded by his nephew Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq who had been his deputy since 1961.
In 1932, Yusuf Shah along with Sheikh Abdullah and Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas founded the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference to oppose the king Maharaja Hari Singh's rule. However, after a year, conflicts occurred between Abdullah and Yusuf Shah. In order to expand the group, Abdullah wanted to allow people of other religions to join it. This was opposed by Yusuf Shah who felt that he was "betraying the cause of the Muslims". Consequently, Abdullah founded the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference. However the Muslims of Kashmir felt that it was a representative body of the Indian National Congress.
As a result, under the leadership of Yusuf Shah, Muslim Conference entered into an alliance with the All India Muslim League and in July 1947, the party passed a resolution demanding the accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to Pakistan based on "geographic, economic, linguistic, cultural and religious conditions".
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said that Yusuf Shah represented and supported the Kashmiri people's political desires. He also said that contributions made by him are "unmatchable". Farooq also said that he also opposed the split of the Muslim Conference and pleaded for the resolution of the Kashmir issue in Pakistan and at international level.
- "Mirwaiz Yousuf Shah". Lost Kashmiri History. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "House Of Mirwaiz". Kashmir Scan. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Mirwaiz Mohammad Yusuf Shah". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Govt bars separatists from paying homage to Mirwaiz Yousuf Shah". Rising Kashmir. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Rally to memorize Yousuf Shah". Kashmir Insider. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Mirwaiz Vows to Continue Moulvi Yousuf Shah's Mission". Kashmir Life. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Rally held to remember Mirwaiz Yousuf Shah". Pak Observer. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
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