Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani

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Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani (1854 - 1896/97) was an Iranian literary critic.

Kermani believed that "it is meaning, not the mode of expression, that exerts the real influence on the reader,"[1] and thus discouraged the "destruction of the natural clarity of language ... by means of complicated metaphors, difficult words, long sentences, and complex expressions."[1]

Selected works[edit]

  • Fann-i guftan va nivishtan ("Art of speaking and writing")
  • Nāmah-i bāstān ("Book of ancient times")
  • آيينه‌ى سکندرى (Āyīnah-i sekandarī, "Alexandrian Mirror"), Nashr-i Chashmah (2010/1389) ISBN 964-3625-60-5
  • Nāmah-i sukhanvārān ("Book of eloquent speakers"), or Āyīn-i sokhanvārī ("Rules of eloquence")
  • Takvīn va tashrīʿ ("Creation and lawmaking")
  • Sih maktūb ("Three letters")
  • صد خطابه (Sad khaţābah, "One Hundred Lectures"), Shirkat-i Kitāb (2007) ISBN 1-59584-130-X

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Iraj Parsinejad, A History of Literary Criticism in Iran, 1866-1951, pps. 72-73. Ibex Publishers (2002) ISBN 1-58814-016-4