Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir

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Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir
মির্জা ফখরুল ইসলাম আলমগীর
Fakhrul Islam Alamgir.jpg
Minister of State for Agriculture
In office
October 2001 – October 2006
Member of Parliament for Thakurgaon-1
In office
October 2001 – October 2006
Preceded byKhademul Islam
Succeeded byRamesh Chandra Sen
Personal details
Born (1948-08-01) 1 August 1948 (age 70)
Thakurgaon District, East Pakistan,
Political partyBangladesh Nationalist Party
Spouse(s)Rahat Ara Begum
ParentsMirza Ruhul Amin (Father)
Mirza Fatima Amin (Mother)
Alma materUniversity of Dhaka

Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir (born 1 August 1948) is a Bangladeshi politician. He currently holds the post of secretary general of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). He was a member of the parliament for Thakurgaon-1 constituency from 2001 to 2006. In that term he worked as the Minister of State in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and later Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism.

Early life[edit]

Mirza Fakhrul was born on 1 August 1948 in Thakurgaon District, Bangladesh. His father name is Mirza Ruhul Amin was a former Member of Parliament and His mother name is Mirza Fatima Amin was a housewife.[1] Alamgir studied economics at University of Dhaka, earning master's degrees with honors[2]

Political career[edit]

Student politics[edit]

Mirza Fakhrul was active in student politics at Dhaka University. He was a member of the then East Pakistan Students Union (EPSU), now known as Bangladesh Students Union, and was elected as the secretary general of the organization's SM Hall unit in the university. Alamgir rose through the ranks of EPSU and, at the height of the 1969 uprising against the Ayub Khan administration, he was elected as the organization's Dhaka University president.[2]

Teaching and other government positions[edit]

In 1972, Alamgir became a teacher of economics at Dhaka College.[2]

Among other government responsibilities, Alamgir worked for the Bangladesh government's Directorate of Inspection and Audit as an auditor.

Alamgir served in the administration of President Ziaur Rahman. He worked as a secretary of Deputy Prime Minister S.A. Bari, until the latter resigned in 1982. Following this, Alamgir taught economics at Thakurgaon Govt. College until 1986.[2]

Entry into politics[edit]

In 1986, with the municipal polls ahead, Alamgir resigned from his government post. He ran for chairman in Thakurgaon municipality in the 1988 municipal elections as a neutral candidate, and won.[2]

Alamgir joined BNP amid the countrywide uprising to topple the military regime of Gen Hussain Muhammad Ershad in the early 1990s. In 1992, Alamgir was nominated as president of the BNP's Thakurgaon district unit.[2]

Member of parliament and state minister[edit]

Alamgir ran in the 5th parliamentary election in 1991 from Thakurgaon-1 constituency on the BNP ticket but lost to Awami League candidate Khademul Islam.[3] He lost to another Awami League candidate again in the 7th parliamentary election in 1996, but this time with a very narrow margin: 51%–47%.[4]

In the 8th parliamentary election in 2001, as a BNP candidate, Alamgir beat Awami League candidate Ramesh Chandra Sen by 37,962 votes, garnering 134,910 votes.[2][5]

The government newly formed by Alamgir's BNP party appointed him Minister of State in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture. A cabinet reshuffle later named him Minister of State in charge of the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism, where he served until the BNP government left office in October 2006.[2]

Alamgir ran again in the 9th parliamentary election in 2008, losing marginally to the Awami League candidate he previously beat, Ramesh Chandra Sen.[6]

5th BNP Council[edit]

The 5th National Council of BNP in December 2008 named Alamgir senior joint secretary general, a post previously held by Tarique Rahman (now the vice-chairman of the BNP).[7]

Alamgir became well known in Bangladesh for his frequent appearance in the media as the BNP's spokesperson, particularly as leader of the opposition to the Awami League-led government that took office in January 2009.

BNP’s acting secretary general[edit]

Alamgir was named acting secretary general of the BNP by its chairperson, Begum Khaleda Zia, following the death of secretary general Khandaker Delwar Hossain in March 2011.[8] Some senior BNP figures disputed the nomination, stating that the BNP constitution does not allow for this. The dispute was ruled out[by whom?] on 21 March 2011, hours before Zia left for Saudi Arabia at invitation of the Saudi royal family.[8][9][10][11]

Alamgir continued criticizing the government vibrantly on different issues. Upon organizing mass anti-government showdowns, he warned the government to not obstruct the opposition events.[12][13][14] The party organized a number of countrywide populous showdowns and agitations against the government, most notably on the issue of the caretaker government, which the Awami League government demolished, enforcing its decisive two-thirds majority in the parliament in 2011.[15]

Alamgir's motorcade came under a violent attack by an armed mob in Lakshmipur on 2 August 2011 as it was approaching the main town where Alamgir was about to attend a party meeting. The attackers were not identified, but Alamgir and his companions alleged that they were members of the ruling party, the Awami League. Though Alamgir was unhurt, three vehicles (including the one in which he was riding) were vandalized, and ten people were injured.[16]

In February 2012, Alamgir criticized the government for its role in the Pilkhana massacre.[17] He claimed the violence was intended to permanently damage the national security of Bangladesh and accused the Awami League government of not properly investigating the incident.[18]

As of March 2012, Alamgir is one of the top contenders to fill the post of BNP's secretary general.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Alamgir is married to Rahat Ara Begum, who attended University of Calcutta and presently works in an insurance company in Dhaka. The couple has two daughters, Mirza Shamaruh and Mirza Safaruh. Shamaruh attended University of Dhaka and was a teacher in the institution. She is now a post doctoral fellow in Australia. Safaruh, also a University of Dhaka graduate, teaches in a school in Dhaka.[20]

Alamgir's father named Mirza Ruhul. Later, he was elected as an MP several times.[20] He was Minister of Agriculture during the General Ershad regime.

Alamgir's uncle, Mirza Ghulam Hafiz, was a BNP politician who served as the Minister of Land (1978–79), Minister of Law, Justice, and Parliamentary Affairs (1991–96), and was elected MP from a Dhaka constituency in 1979. Hafiz was the speaker of the 2nd national parliament of Bangladesh (1979–82).[21]

Another uncle, Wing Commander S.R. Mirza, served in the first government of Bangladesh that was formed in exile (the Mujibnagar Government) in April 1971. He was named to head the newly formed Directorate of Youth Camps that oversaw training facilities for freedom fighter recruits in 1971.[22]

Political offices
Preceded by
Khandaker Delwar Hossain
Secretary General of
Bangladesh Nationalist Party

Succeeded by
Preceded by
Tarique Rahman
Senior Joint Secretary General of
Bangladesh Nationalist Party

Succeeded by
Preceded by
Khademul Islam
Member of Parliament of

Succeeded by
Ramesh Chandra Sen
Preceded by
Begum Matia Chowdhury
as full minister
State Minister of Agriculture
Succeeded by
Begum Matia Chowdhury
as full minister
Preceded by
Beer Bahadur
State Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviation
Succeeded by
Abdul Mannan

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Mother of BNP Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul dies". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h BNP Overcame Plots, Is Now United, Says Mirza Fakhrul, BangladeshFirst.com, 21 March 2011, retrieved 31 March 2012
  3. ^ Ahmed, Burhan Uddin. Parliament Elections Report 1937-2008. Country First Foundation, 2010, p. 45.
  4. ^ Ahmed, Burhan Uddin. Parliament Elections Report 1937-2008. Country First Foundation, 2010, p. 73.
  5. ^ Ahmed, Burhan Uddin. Parliament Elections Report 1937-2008. Country First Foundation, 2010, p. 96.
  6. ^ Ahmed, Burhan Uddin. Parliament Elections Report 1937-2008. Country First Foundation, 2010, p. 150.
  7. ^ "Tarique made powerful senior vice-chairman", The Daily Star, 9 December 2009, retrieved 31 March 2012
  8. ^ a b মির্জা ফখরুল বিএনপি’র ভারপ্রাপ্ত মহাসচিব [BNP acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul], Daily Manabzamin (in Bengali), 21 March 2011, archived from the original on 22 March 2011, retrieved 31 March 2012
  9. ^ বিএনপি’র গঠণতন্ত্রে ভারপ্রাপ্ত মহাসচিবের অস্তিত্ব নেই: হান্নান শাহ, BanglaNews24 (in Bengali), 22 March 2011, archived from the original on 30 July 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  10. ^ মহাসচিব পদ নিয়ে বিএনপিতে দ্বন্দ্ব-কোন্দল বেড়েছে, Daily Samakal (in Bengali), 24 March 2011, archived from the original on 4 March 2016, retrieved 31 March 2012
  11. ^ "Mirza acting, debate spreading within BNP". The Daily Star. 31 March 2011.
  12. ^ "Fakhrul alleges reign of terror", bdnews24.com, 27 December 2011, archived from the original on 1 January 2011, retrieved 31 March 2012
  13. ^ "Govt trying to foil Ctg road march: Fakhrul", The Daily Star, 2 January 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  14. ^ "Govt will be ousted thru' upsurge", The Daily Star, 26 January 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  15. ^ "Make March 12 rally a success: Fakhrul", The Daily Star, 29 February 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  16. ^ "Fakhrul's motorcade attacked in Laxmipur", The Daily Star, 2 August 2011, retrieved 31 March 2012
  17. ^ "2009 mutiny part of govt plot: BNP", bdnews24.com, 25 February 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  18. ^ "'It was a plot to weaken nat'l security'", The Daily Star, 26 February 2012, retrieved 31 March 2012
  19. ^ "Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir to be BNP's Secretary General", Probe News Magazine, 23–29 March 2011, retrieved 31 March 2012
  20. ^ a b Halim, Anwar Parvez. "Sons and daughters of political parents". Probe News Magazine. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  21. ^ মির্জা গোলাম হাফিজ. Panchagarh District. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  22. ^ Faiquzzaman, Mohammad (2012). "Mujibnagar Government". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.