Mirza Hossein Khan

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Mirza Hossein Khan Ajudan Bashi was a 19th-century Iranian diplomat. He was a Member of the Maragheh Khanate. He was sent to France in 1839 by the Persian ruler Mohammad Shah Qajar following the conflict between Persia and Great Britain over the possession of Herat in Afghanistan. In the wake of the Herat affair, Great Britain would remove its military and diplomatic missions from Persia, and occupy Kharg island and attack Bushehr.[1]

By dispatching Mirza Hossein Khan, Mohammad Shah Qajar resumed diplomatic relations with France. The diplomatic mission reached Louis-Philippe and asked for military help. In response, a group of French officers was sent to Persia with the returning ambassador.[2] Louis-Philippe said:

"God is my witness that we are pleased to receive [the Shah's] friendly greetings and we wish with all our heart, and throughout our life, to enjoy friendship and sincerity in our relations with the Shah".

— Louis-Philippe.[3]

Mirza Hossein Khan also visited Vienna and London as Ambassador Extraordinary, where Palmerston refused to receive him and rejected his mission. He died 1866-67. He left a son Ali Khan, who died in 1884[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Iran and the West Sīrūs Ghanī, p.302-303
  2. ^ Iran and the West Sīrūs Ghanī, p.302-303
  3. ^ Persia's foreign policy between the two Herat crises, 1831-56 by Mikhail Volodarsky in Middle Eastern Studies, Volume 21, Issue 2 April 1985, pages 111 - 151.
  4. ^ Iran and the West Sīrūs Ghanī, p.302-303
  5. ^ Iran and the West Sīrūs Ghanī, p.436