Misamis Oriental

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Misamis Oriental
Province
Province of Misamis Oriental
Flag of Misamis Oriental
Flag
Official seal of Misamis Oriental
Seal
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000Coordinates: 08°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Founded 1939
Capital Cagayan de Oro City
Government
 • Governor Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (NP)
 • Vice Governor Jose Mari G. Pelaez (UNA)
Area[1]
 • Total 3,131.52 km2 (1,209.09 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd out of 81
  Excluding Cagayan de Oro
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 813,856
 • Rank 30th out of 81
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
 • Density rank 30th out of 81
  Excluding Cagayan de Oro
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 23
 • Barangays 424
including independent cities: 504
 • Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Oriental
including independent cities: 1st and 2nd Districts of Cagayan de Oro City
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9000 to 9025
Dialing code 88
ISO 3166 code PH-MSR
Spoken languages Cebuano, Filipino, English
Website www.misamisoriental.gov.ph

Misamis Oriental (Cebuano: Sidlakang Misamis, Tagalog: Silangang Misamis) is a province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City, which is governed independently from the province.

History[edit]

Around the 10th Century, the area of what is now Misamis Oriental was under the Indianized Kingdom called the Rajahnate of Butuan.

In the 16th century, Muslims from Malaysia came and then displaced the Non-Muslim Lumads northwards as they came to control most of Mindanao, the inhabitants were also converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers.

Misamis province[edit]

Main article: Misamis (province)
An old map of Misamis province in 1918

Legislative Act. No. 3537 approved on 2 November 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two due to the lack of geographic contiguity. It was not until ten years later on 28 November 1939 that the division between Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental was implemented by Act. No. 3777.[3] When Misamis Oriental separated, Don Gregorio Pelaez became its first governor.

World War II[edit]

In 1942, at the onset of World War II in the Philippines, Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental to occupy the region. Combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces along with recognised guerrilla fighters liberated Misamis Oriental in 1945.

Modern history[edit]

In May 2014 it was reported that an area in Barangay Lapad in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, in northern Mindinao, was declared a heritage site. Oyster fossils older than 200,000 years were discovered, according to Balita Pilipinas. Property owner, Raul Ilogon, told Balita Pilipinas that they had been seeing the fossils for 20 years thinking that they were ordinary rocks.[4]

Geography[edit]

The Cagayan River and its major tributaries

Located in Northern Mindanao, the province borders Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north is the Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern coast. Misamis Oriental occupies a total land area of 3,131.52 square kilometres (1,209.09 sq mi). When Cagayan de Oro City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,544.32 square kilometres (1,368.47 sq mi).[1]

Physical[edit]

Misamis Oriental, as a coastal province, is dominated by two bays to the north; the Macajalar and the Gingoog.[3] The central portion of the province features several rivers originating from the highlands of Bukidnon, such as the Cagayan.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 component cities. The provincial capital, Cagayan de Oro, is a highly urbanized city that is geographically within but administratively independent from the province.

City or
municipality
District[5] Area
(km²)[5]
Population
(2010)[5][6]
Density
(per km²)
No. of
barangays
ZIP
code
Income
class
(DOF)[5]
Coordinates

Alubijid 2nd 85.56 26,648 311.5 16 9018 4th 8°34′13″N 124°28′16″E / 8.5704°N 124.4711°E / 8.5704; 124.4711 (Alubijid)
Balingasag 1st 147.11 65,876 447.8 30 9005 2nd 8°44′34″N 124°46′28″E / 8.7427°N 124.7744°E / 8.7427; 124.7744 (Balingasag)
Balingoan 1st 57.8 10,175 176 9 9011 5th 9°00′15″N 124°50′47″E / 9.0041°N 124.8464°E / 9.0041; 124.8464 (Balingoan)
Binuangan 1st 30.43 6,765 222.3 8 9008 6th 8°55′08″N 124°47′02″E / 8.9188°N 124.7840°E / 8.9188; 124.7840 (Binuangan)
Cagayan de Oro 2 LD 412.8 602,088 1458.5 80 9000 1st 8°29′03″N 124°38′50″E / 8.4842°N 124.6472°E / 8.4842; 124.6472 (Cagayan de Oro)
Claveria 2nd 579.63 44,544 76.8 24 9004 1st 8°36′44″N 124°53′34″E / 8.6123°N 124.8929°E / 8.6123; 124.8929 (Claveria)
El Salvador 2nd 106.15 44,848 422.5 15 9017 6th 8°33′40″N 124°31′28″E / 8.5611°N 124.5244°E / 8.5611; 124.5244 (El Salvador)
Gingoog 1st 568.44 117,908 207.4 79 9014 2nd 8°49′29″N 125°06′13″E / 8.8246°N 125.1035°E / 8.8246; 125.1035 (Gingoog)
Gitagum 2nd 43.4 16,098 370.9 11 9020 5th 8°35′40″N 124°24′21″E / 8.5944°N 124.4057°E / 8.5944; 124.4057 (Gitagum)
Initao 2nd 111.27 29,331 263.6 16 9022 3rd 8°29′51″N 124°18′20″E / 8.4975°N 124.3056°E / 8.4975; 124.3056 (Initao)
Jasaan 2nd 77.02 50,121 650.8 15 9003 2nd 8°39′06″N 124°45′13″E / 8.6516°N 124.7535°E / 8.6516; 124.7535 (Jasaan)
Kinoguitan 1st 42.56 12,761 299.8 15 9010 5th 8°59′04″N 124°47′35″E / 8.9845°N 124.7931°E / 8.9845; 124.7931 (Kinoguitan)
Lagonglong 1st 83.78 19,303 230.4 10 9006 5th 8°48′20″N 124°47′27″E / 8.8056°N 124.7908°E / 8.8056; 124.7908 (Lagonglong)
Laguindingan 2nd 44.23 21,822 493.4 11 9019 4th 8°34′29″N 124°26′27″E / 8.5747°N 124.4408°E / 8.5747; 124.4408 (Laguindingan)
Libertad 2nd 22.47 11,586 515.6 9 9021 5th 8°33′28″N 124°21′12″E / 8.5577°N 124.3532°E / 8.5577; 124.3532 (Libertad)
Lugait 2nd 27.45 18,639 679 8 9025 2nd 8°20′34″N 124°15′39″E / 8.3427°N 124.2609°E / 8.3427; 124.2609 (Lugait)
Magsaysay 1st 143.14 33,047 230.9 25 9015 4th 9°01′11″N 125°10′53″E / 9.0197°N 125.1815°E / 9.0197; 125.1815 (Magsaysay)
Manticao 2nd 123.01 26,786 217.8 13 9024 4th 8°24′01″N 124°17′31″E / 8.4003°N 124.2920°E / 8.4003; 124.2920 (Manticao)
Medina 1st 148.29 31,154 210.1 19 9013 4th 8°54′41″N 125°01′26″E / 8.9114°N 125.0240°E / 8.9114; 125.0240 (Medina)
Naawan 2nd 88.5 18,895 213.5 10 9023 4th 8°26′01″N 124°17′27″E / 8.4336°N 124.2909°E / 8.4336; 124.2909 (Naawan)
Opol 2nd 175.13 52,108 297.5 14 9016 2nd 8°31′16″N 124°34′29″E / 8.5212°N 124.5747°E / 8.5212; 124.5747 (Opol)
Salay 1st 92.79 27,591 297.3 18 9007 4th 8°53′00″N 124°49′00″E / 8.8833°N 124.8166°E / 8.8833; 124.8166 (Salay)
Sugbongcogon 1st 26.5 8,745 330 10 9009 5th 8°57′22″N 124°47′14″E / 8.9562°N 124.7873°E / 8.9562; 124.7873 (Sugbongcogon)
Tagoloan 2nd 117.73 63,850 542.3 10 9001 1st 8°32′21″N 124°45′14″E / 8.5391°N 124.7538°E / 8.5391; 124.7538 (Tagoloan)
Talisayan 1st 140.33 23,289 166 18 9012 4th 8°59′45″N 124°53′01″E / 8.9959°N 124.8836°E / 8.9959; 124.8836 (Talisayan)
Villanueva 2nd 48.8 31,966 655 11 9002 2nd 8°35′09″N 124°46′13″E / 8.5859°N 124.7704°E / 8.5859; 124.7704 (Villanueva)
 †  Provincial capital and highly urbanized city      Component city      Municipality

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Misamis Oriental
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 525,453 —    
1995 587,551 +2.12%
2000 664,338 +2.67%
2007 748,885 +1.67%
2010 813,856 +3.07%
Excluding Cagayan de Oro City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism predominates in the province with roughly 83% of the population. Many other Christian faiths compose most of the minority religions while Islam has a small but steadily increasing number.

Economy[edit]

The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing.[citation needed] It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan. Del Monte Philippines, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.

On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo City which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).[7]

Tourism[edit]

Misamis Oriental is home to many natural scenic spots.

Birhen Milagrosa Beach
This place in Brgy. Moog, Laguindingan, offers crystal clear water and fine gray sand. Its name is derived from the image of the Virgin Mary on its rockwall. In that spot, an altar has been built in honor of the Virgin Mary.
Punta Gorda Beach
Located just along the Provincial Road in Brgy. San Antonio, Jasaan, and Hermano, Balingasag (31 kilometres (19 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), this beach has round, smooth stones that cover the beach front. The water is crystal clear even when viewed up the road. The Sangguniang Bayan Council of Balingasag proposes that it would be developed as a marine sanctuary if they would be given financial support by the local government.
St. Bernadette Beach
Located along the highway in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan, this beach offers crystal clear water. A shrine is built in honor of St. Bernadette.
Mempepe White Beach
An undeveloped beach in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan (66 kilometres (41 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), with fine white sand that is shaped like a cove with lush vegetation in the background.
Alibuag White Beach
A beach in Brgy. Mangga, Sugbongcogon (71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), that has a fresh underwater spring and fine white sand.

Government[edit]

Executive officials
Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan

List of former governors[edit]

  • Manuel Roa Corrales – 1901-1905
  • Apolinar Velez – 1906-1909
  • Ricardo Reyes Barrientos – 1910-1912
  • Jose Reyes Barrientos – 1912 - 1916
  • Isidro Rillas – 1917-1919
  • Juan Valdeconcha Roa – 1920-1922
  • Segundo Gaston – 1923-1925
  • Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1926-1931
  • Gregorio Borromeo – 1935-1937
  • Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1938-1940
  • Pedro S.A Baculio – 1941-1945
  • Mariano Ope Marbella – 1945
  • Ignacio S. Cruz – 1946-1947
  • Felicisimo E. Aguilar – 1948-1950
  • Paciencio G. Ysalina – 1951-1954
  • Vicente L. De Lara, Sr. – 1954-1961
  • Alfonso R. Dadole – 1961-1967
  • Pedro N. Roa – 1968-1969
  • Concordio C. Diel – September 1969 - March 1974
  • Rosauro P. Dongallo – March 1974 - December 1979
  • Meynardo A. Tiro – January 1980 - March 2, 1980
  • Homobono A. Adaza – March 3, 1980 - July 22, 1984
  • Fernando B. Pacana, Jr - July 23, 1984 - March 2, 1986
  • Vicente Y. Emano – March 3, 1986 - December 1987 1 ; February 1, 1988 - February 2, 1998
  • Norris C. Babiera 1 - December 1987 - February 1988
  • Ruth de Lara-Guingona – February 2 - June 30, 1998
  • Antonio P. Calingin – June 30, 1998 - December 15, 2003
  • Miguel C. De Jesus 2 – December 15, 2003 - June 30, 2004
  • Oscar S. Moreno – June 30, 2004 - June 30, 2013
  • Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano – June 30, 2013 – present

1 - Appointed
2 - Acting Capacity

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Misamis Oriental". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 106. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/361383/scitech/science/200-000-year-old-fossilized-oysters-found-in-misamis-oriental
  5. ^ a b c d "Province: Misamis Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Northern Mindanao)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  7. ^ www.manilastandardtoday.com, Hanjin builds $2-b shipyard in Mindanao

External links[edit]