|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
|Province of Misamis Oriental|
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Capital||Cagayan de Oro City|
|• Governor||Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (NP)|
|• Vice Governor||Jose Mari G. Pelaez (UNA)|
|• Total||3,131.52 km2 (1,209.09 sq mi)|
|Area rank||43rd out of 81|
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro|
|• Rank||30th out of 81|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||30th out of 81|
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro|
|• Independent cities||1|
|• Component cities||2|
including independent cities: 504
|• Districts||1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Oriental
including independent cities: 1st and 2nd Districts of Cagayan de Oro City
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||9000 to 9025|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-MSR|
|Spoken languages||Cebuano, Filipino, English|
Misamis Oriental (Cebuano: Sidlakang Misamis, Tagalog: Silangang Misamis) is a province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City, which is governed independently from the province.
Around the 10th Century, the area of what is now Misamis Oriental was under the Indianized Kingdom called the Rajahnate of Butuan.
In the 16th century, Muslims from Malaysia came and then displaced the Non-Muslim Lumads northwards as they came to control most of Mindanao, the inhabitants were also converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers.
Legislative Act. No. 3537 approved on 2 November 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two due to the lack of geographic contiguity. It was not until ten years later on 28 November 1939 that the division between Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental was implemented by Act. No. 3777. When Misamis Oriental separated, Don Gregorio Pelaez became its first governor.
World War II
In 1942, at the onset of World War II in the Philippines, Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental to occupy the region. Combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces along with recognised guerrilla fighters liberated Misamis Oriental in 1945.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2015)|
In May 2014 it was reported that an area in Barangay Lapad in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, in northern Mindinao, was declared a heritage site. Oyster fossils older than 200,000 years were discovered, according to Balita Pilipinas. Property owner, Raul Ilogon, told Balita Pilipinas that they had been seeing the fossils for 20 years thinking that they were ordinary rocks.
Located in Northern Mindanao, the province borders Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north is the Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern coast. Misamis Oriental occupies a total land area of 3,131.52 square kilometres (1,209.09 sq mi). When Cagayan de Oro City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,544.32 square kilometres (1,368.47 sq mi).
Misamis Oriental, as a coastal province, is dominated by two bays to the north; the Macajalar and the Gingoog. The central portion of the province features several rivers originating from the highlands of Bukidnon, such as the Cagayan.
Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 component cities. The provincial capital, Cagayan de Oro, is a highly urbanized city that is geographically within but administratively independent from the province.
|Population census of
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro City
Source: National Statistics Office
Roman Catholicism predominates in the province with roughly 83% of the population. Many other Christian faiths compose most of the minority religions while Islam has a small but steadily increasing number.
The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing. It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan. Del Monte Philippines, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.
On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo City which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).
Misamis Oriental is home to many natural scenic spots.
- Birhen Milagrosa Beach
- This place in Brgy. Moog, Laguindingan, offers crystal clear water and fine gray sand. Its name is derived from the image of the Virgin Mary on its rockwall. In that spot, an altar has been built in honor of the Virgin Mary.
- Punta Gorda Beach
- Located just along the Provincial Road in Brgy. San Antonio, Jasaan, and Hermano, Balingasag (31 kilometres (19 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), this beach has round, smooth stones that cover the beach front. The water is crystal clear even when viewed up the road. The Sangguniang Bayan Council of Balingasag proposes that it would be developed as a marine sanctuary if they would be given financial support by the local government.
- St. Bernadette Beach
- Located along the highway in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan, this beach offers crystal clear water. A shrine is built in honor of St. Bernadette.
- Mempepe White Beach
- An undeveloped beach in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan (66 kilometres (41 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), with fine white sand that is shaped like a cove with lush vegetation in the background.
- Alibuag White Beach
- A beach in Brgy. Mangga, Sugbongcogon (71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), that has a fresh underwater spring and fine white sand.
- Executive officials
- Governor: Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (Nacionalista Party)
- Vice-Governor: Joey G. Pelaez (United Nationalist Alliance)
- Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan
- 1st District:
- 2nd District:
List of former governors
- Manuel Roa Corrales – 1901-1905
- Apolinar Velez – 1906-1909
- Ricardo Reyes Barrientos – 1910-1912
- Jose Reyes Barrientos – 1912 - 1916
- Isidro Rillas – 1917-1919
- Juan Valdeconcha Roa – 1920-1922
- Segundo Gaston – 1923-1925
- Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1926-1931
- Gregorio Borromeo – 1935-1937
- Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1938-1940
- Pedro S.A Baculio – 1941-1945
- Mariano Ope Marbella – 1945
- Ignacio S. Cruz – 1946-1947
- Felicisimo E. Aguilar – 1948-1950
- Paciencio G. Ysalina – 1951-1954
- Vicente L. De Lara, Sr. – 1954-1961
- Alfonso R. Dadole – 1961-1967
- Pedro N. Roa – 1968-1969
- Concordio C. Diel – September 1969 - March 1974
- Rosauro P. Dongallo – March 1974 - December 1979
- Meynardo A. Tiro – January 1980 - March 2, 1980
- Homobono A. Adaza – March 3, 1980 - July 22, 1984
- Fernando B. Pacana, Jr - July 23, 1984 - March 2, 1986
- Vicente Y. Emano – March 3, 1986 - December 1987 1 ; February 1, 1988 - February 2, 1998
- Norris C. Babiera 1 - December 1987 - February 1988
- Ruth de Lara-Guingona – February 2 - June 30, 1998
- Antonio P. Calingin – June 30, 1998 - December 15, 2003
- Miguel C. De Jesus 2 – December 15, 2003 - June 30, 2004
- Oscar S. Moreno – June 30, 2004 - June 30, 2013
- Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano – June 30, 2013 – present
1 - Appointed
2 - Acting Capacity
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Misamis Oriental". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 106. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "Province: Misamis Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Northern Mindanao)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- www.manilastandardtoday.com, Hanjin builds $2-b shipyard in Mindanao
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Misamis Oriental.|
- Geographic data related to Misamis Oriental at OpenStreetMap
- Official website of the Province of Misamis Oriental
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Bohol Sea, Camiguin|
|Misamis Occidental / Iligan Bay||Agusan del Norte|
|Lanao del Norte||Bukidnon||Agusan del Sur|