List of Japanese supercentenarians

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Chiyono Hasegawa (1896–2011), a resident of Saga, was one of hundreds of Japanese women to have lived past 110 years. She is pictured here in September 2010. She was the oldest person in Japan and second oldest in the world, dying at 115 years, 12 days.

Japanese supercentenarians are citizens, residents or emigrants from Japan who have attained or surpassed 110 years of age. As of August 2019, the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) had validated the longevity claims of 318 Japanese supercentenarians, most of them women.[1] The oldest Japanese person on record was Nabi Tajima, who died on 21 April 2018 aged 117 years, 260 days. Japan was also home to the world's oldest man ever, Jiroemon Kimura, who lived to age 116 years, 54 days.[2]

Since Chiyo Miyako's death on 22 July 2018, the oldest living person in Japan and in the world is Kane Tanaka, born 2 January 1903, age 117 years, 45 days.[3] Since Masazō Nonaka's death on 20 January 2019, the oldest living man in Japan is Chitetsu Watanabe, born 5 March 1907, age 112 years, 348 days. Watanabe became the world’s oldest known living man following the death of Gustav Gerneth of Germany on 22 October 2019.[4][5]

100 oldest Japanese people[edit]

  Deceased   Living
Entries without a number have not yet been validated by the GRG.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Prefecture of birth Prefecture of death
or residence
01 Nabi Tajima[6] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
02 Chiyo Miyako[6] F 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Wakayama Kanagawa
03 Kane Tanaka[3] F 2 January 1903 Living 117 years, 45 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
04 Misao Okawa[6] F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Osaka Osaka
05 Tane Ikai[7] F 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days Aichi Aichi
06 Jiroemon Kimura[1] M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Kyoto Kyoto
07 Shimoe Akiyama[6] F 19 May 1903 29 January 2019 115 years, 255 days (unknown) Aichi
08 Anonymous of Tokyo[6] F 15 March 1900 27 September 2015 115 years, 196 days (unknown) Tokyo
09 Shin Matsushita[6] F 30 March 1904 27 August 2019 115 years, 150 days (unknown) Miyagi
10 Koto Okubo[1][8] F 24 December 1897 12 January 2013 115 years, 19 days Tokyo Kanagawa
11 Shigeyo Nakachi[3] F 1 February 1905 Living 115 years, 15 days Saga Saga
12 Chiyono Hasegawa[9] F 20 November 1896 2 December 2011 115 years, 12 days Saga Saga
13 Kama Chinen[10] F 10 May 1895 2 May 2010 114 years, 357 days Okinawa Okinawa
14 Kiyoko Ishiguro[6] F 4 March 1901 5 December 2015 114 years, 276 days (unknown) Kanagawa
15 Yukie Hino[6] F 17 April 1902 13 January 2017 114 years, 271 days (unknown) Niigata
16 Hide Ohira[7] F 15 September 1880 9 May 1995 114 years, 236 days Wakayama Wakayama
17 Yone Minagawa[11] F 4 January 1893 13 August 2007 114 years, 221 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
18 Ura Koyama[7] F 30 August 1890 5 April 2005 114 years, 218 days Hiroshima Fukuoka
19 Iso Nakamura[6] F 23 April 1903 23 November 2017 114 years, 214 days Ishikawa Ishikawa
20 Mitsue Toyoda[6] F 15 February 1902 25 August 2016 114 years, 192 days (unknown) Ōita
21 Tase Matsunaga[7] F 11 May 1884 18 November 1998 114 years, 191 days Niigata Tokyo
Kame Ganeko[6] F 10 April 1905 18 October 2019 (unknown) Okinawa
23 Yukichi Chuganji[7] M 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
24 Kame Nakamura[12] F 8 March 1898 12 September 2012 114 years, 188 days Okinawa Okinawa
25 Mitoyo Kawate[7] F 15 May 1889 13 November 2003 114 years, 182 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
26 Toshie Yorimitsu[6] F 30 September 1901 28 February 2016 114 years, 151 days Kōchi Okinawa
27 Tae Ito[6] F 11 July 1903 13 November 2017 114 years, 125 days (unknown) Iwate
28 Mina Kitagawa[3] F 3 November 1905 Living 114 years, 105 days (unknown) Shiga
29 Chiyo Shiraishi[13] F 6 August 1895 19 November 2009 114 years, 105 days Fukushima Ibaraki
30 Asa Takii[7] F 28 April 1884 31 July 1998 114 years, 94 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
31 Waka Shirahama[7] F 23 March 1878 16 June 1992 114 years, 85 days Kagoshima Miyazaki
32 Suekiku Miyanaga[7] F 7 April 1884 20 June 1998 114 years, 74 days (unknown) Kagoshima
33 Shige Hirooka[9] F 16 January 1897 29 March 2011 114 years, 72 days (unknown) Osaka
34 Tomoe Iwata[6] F 25 March 1904 13 April 2018 114 years, 19 days (unknown) Iwate
35 Tane Yonekura[6] F 2 May 1904 19 May 2018 114 years, 17 days (unknown) Kagoshima
36 Kura Bingo[6] F 20 October 1905 31 October 2019 114 years, 11 days (unknown) Nara
37 Yoshiyo Bessho[6] F 1 April 1904 8 April 2018 114 years, 7 days (unknown) Okayama
38 Hatsue Ono[12] F 31 October 1898 17 October 2012 113 years, 352 days Iwate Hokkaidō
39 Yasu Akino[7] F 1 March 1885 12 February 1999 113 years, 348 days (unknown) Shizuoka
40 Kimi Asanuma[6] F 3 November 1905 22 August 2019 113 years, 292 days (unknown) Tokyo
41 Tsuneyo Toyonaga[14] F 21 May 1894 22 February 2008 113 years, 277 days (unknown) Kōchi
42 Tomoji Tanabe[13] M 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Miyazaki Miyazaki
43 Mitsue Nagasaki[1] F 18 September 1899 17 June 2013 113 years, 272 days Kumamoto Hiroshima
44 Shizue Nagata[6] F 25 July 1903 12 April 2017 113 years, 261 days (unknown) Kumamoto
Teru Oshiro[15] F 10 May 1904 26 January 2018 (unknown) Okinawa
45 Hatsuno Goto[6] F 1 September 1903 15 May 2017 113 years, 256 days (unknown) Tokyo
46 Tsurue Amou[6] F 1 March 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 250 days (unknown) Tokushima
47 Hisa Arai[6] F 10 September 1904 4 May 2018 113 years, 236 days (unknown) Gifu
48 Shitsu Nakano[11] F 1 January 1894 19 August 2007 113 years, 230 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
49 Tsukimi Kishi[6] F 31 August 1905 19 March 2019 113 years, 200 days (unknown) Tochigi
50 Masazō Nonaka[6] M 25 July 1905 20 January 2019 113 years, 179 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
51 Kiku Usami[6] F 1 September 1904 26 February 2018 113 years, 178 days (unknown) Niigata
52 Masa Iseri[6] F 19 September 1902 5 March 2016 113 years, 168 days (unknown) Kumamoto
53 Koito Furukawa[1] F 8 May 1901 11 October 2014 113 years, 156 days (unknown) Tokushima
54 Katsue Hiraishi[6] F 9 June 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 150 days (unknown) Tokushima
55 Yoshino Tanaka[1] F 3 March 1900 30 July 2013 113 years, 149 days Okinawa Nagasaki
56 Terue Ashida[1] F 20 September 1899 15 February 2013 113 years, 148 days Hyōgo Hyōgo
57 Komiya Miyazaki[9] F 20 August 1897 4 January 2011 113 years, 137 days (unknown) Hiroshima
58 Mise Ito[7] F 6 November 1890 18 March 2004 113 years, 133 days (unknown) Shizuoka
59 Jun Kitamasu[1] F 2 March 1900 11 July 2013 113 years, 131 days (unknown) Hiroshima
60 Kaku Yamanaka[14] F 11 December 1894 5 April 2008 113 years, 116 days Aichi Aichi
Motome Hirata[6] F 12 August 1906 6 December 2019 Nagano[16] Chiba
62 Natsuyo Kinase[3] F 30 October 1906 Living 113 years, 109 days Miyagi Kanagawa
63 Sue Utagawa[7] F 19 January 1884 4 May 1997 113 years, 105 days Yamaguchi Yamaguchi
64 Niwa Kawamoto[7] F 5 August 1863 16 November 1976 113 years, 103 days (unknown) Shiga
65 Tome Takaoka[12] F 1 January 1899 12 April 2012 113 years, 102 days (unknown) Ibaraki
66 Masayo Ito[6] F 1 October 1902 6 January 2016 113 years, 97 days (unknown) Miyagi
67 Kame Takamiyagi[12] F 10 June 1899 10 September 2012 113 years, 92 days (unknown) Okinawa
68 Chiyono Ohta[10] F 1 November 1896 25 January 2010 113 years, 85 days (unknown) Miyagi
69 Mie Ishiguro[7] F 2 June 1888 14 August 2001 113 years, 73 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
70 Anonymous of Fukuoka[3] F 17 December 1906 Living 113 years, 61 days (unknown) Fukuoka
71 Hina Shikawatari[12] F 1 January 1899 15 February 2012 113 years, 45 days (unknown) Ishikawa
72 Mitsu Toshima[3] F 5 January 1907 Living 113 years, 42 days (unknown) Kanagawa
73 Kuni Onose[6] F 31 December 1904 5 February 2018 113 years, 36 days (unknown) Ibaraki
74 Hama Yasukawa[3] F 19 January 1907 Living 113 years, 28 days (unknown) Hyōgo
75 Yoshino Ide[13] F 1 January 1896 28 January 2009 113 years, 27 days (unknown) Hyōgo
76 Ito Konno Kinase[7] F 31 December 1889 24 January 2003 113 years, 24 days (unknown) United States (Hawaii)
77 Tase Hayasaka[7] F 1 July 1885 23 July 1998 113 years, 22 days (unknown) Niigata
78 Tane Shimada[6] F 25 September 1903 16 October 2016 113 years, 21 days (unknown) Saitama
79 Sumie Yabune[3] F 5 February 1907 Living 113 years, 11 days (unknown) Wakayama
80 Kou Iijima[13] F 25 March 1896 22 March 2009 112 years, 362 days (unknown) Chiba
Kitsuyo Yamamoto[6] F 12 March 1902 9 March 2015 (unknown) Shimane
82 Chitetsu Watanabe[3] M 5 March 1907 Living 112 years, 348 days Niigata Niigata
83 Yaoe Koda[9] F 1 July 1898 9 June 2011 112 years, 343 days (unknown) Kōchi
84 Sugino Tamai[6] F 9 March 1902 14 February 2015 112 years, 342 days Shiga Hyōgo
85 Matsu Kayo[7] F 9 January 1886 13 December 1998 112 years, 338 days Okinawa Okinawa
86 Tame Yamaguchi[3] F 20 March 1907 Living 112 years, 333 days Kagoshima Miyazaki
87 Chikao Beppu[10] F 28 March 1897 17 February 2010 112 years, 326 days (unknown) Kagoshima
88 Toyo Endo[7] F 13 February 1892 3 January 2005 112 years, 325 days (unknown) Shizuoka
89 Kikue Tanaka[3] F 25 February 1907 15 January 2020 112 years, 324 days (unknown) Kagoshima
90 Kano Ebara[3] F 30 March 1907 Living 112 years, 323 days (unknown) Okayama
Kesa Yamada[3] F Gunma Gunma
92 Matsuno Oikawa[7] F 20 February 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 317 days (unknown) Iwate
93 Katsuko Nakajima[3] F 8 April 1907 Living 112 years, 314 days (unknown) Osaka
94 Hanae Kimura[1] F 8 August 1901 16 June 2014 112 years, 312 days (unknown) Tokushima
Yasutaro Koide[6] M 13 March 1903 19 January 2016 Fukui Aichi
96 Yoki Yonehara[7] F 2 March 1892 4 January 2005 112 years, 308 days (unknown) Shimane
97 Hiro Nakae[9] F 20 October 1898 19 August 2011 112 years, 303 days (unknown) Hiroshima
98 Fusa Tatsumi[3] F 25 April 1907 Living 112 years, 297 days (unknown) Osaka
99 Suma Tamagawa[9] F 14 March 1899 23 December 2011 112 years, 284 days (unknown) Iwate
100 Yoneno Kouno[6] F 7 August 1902 24 April 2015 112 years, 260 days (unknown) Ehime
Mine Suzuki[6] F 26 March 1905 11 December 2017 (unknown) Chiba

Biographies[edit]

Denzo Ishizaki[edit]

Denzo Ishizaki (石崎 伝蔵, Ishizaki Denzō, 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999) was for a short time Japan's oldest living person and the world's oldest living man, from February to April 1999, and when he died the oldest Japanese man ever until being surpassed by Yukichi Chuganji on 30 September 2001.[17] A former elementary school teacher and town assembly member, Ishizaki lived in Kansago, Ibaraki Prefecture, where he died of multiple organ failure on 29 April 1999 at the age of 112 years, 191 days.[18]

Nabi Tajima[edit]

Nabi Tajima (田島 ナビ, Tajima Nabi, 4 August 1900 – 21 April 2018)[19][20][21] followed Violet Brown as the world's oldest person for 217 days after 16 September 2017. She was the last surviving person from the 19th century and the Lost Generation.[22] She died at age 117 years and 260 days and is the third-oldest person ever. Tajima is the oldest Asian to be validated by modern standards.[23]

Tajima was born and died on the small island of Kikaijima, about halfway between Okinawa and the main Japanese islands. Her husband, Tominishi Tajima (田島 富二子), died at the age of 93 in 1991.[24][25] She had nine children, seven sons and two daughters,[24] and in September 2017 she was reported to have had around 160 descendants, including great-great-great-grandchildren.[26] She stated that her longevity was due to sleeping soundly and eating delicious food.[22] Guinness World Records was planning to certify Tajima as the world’s oldest person, but she died at a nursing home in Kikai City before they could do so.[27][28]

Masazō Nonaka[edit]

Masazō Nonaka (野中 正造, Nonaka Masazō, 25 July 1905 – 20 January 2019) was, at the time of his death, Japan's oldest living man since October 2016,[29] and the world's oldest living man since January 2018.[30] Nonaka was also the oldest person ever born in Hokkaido.

Nonaka had two brothers and three sisters; he married Hatsuno Nonaka in 1931. They had five children, of whom three were living as of January 2019.[31] He ran the family onsen, which opened in 1905, and spent most of his time in a wheelchair, crediting his longevity to eating sweets and relaxing in the hot springs.[32][33] Nonaka died at home of natural causes, at 1:30am on 20 January 2019, aged 113 years, 179 days.[31][34]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wikkerink, Marco; Kroczek, Waclaw Jan (1 January 2015). "GRG Database by Nation". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  2. ^ いつまでも「輝く宝」で 木村次郎右衛門さん告別式 [Jiroemon Kimura's funeral – a sparkling jewel forever]. Kyoto Shimbun (in Japanese). 14 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (6 January 2020). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  4. ^ https://news.goo.ne.jp/article/kyodo_nor/nation/kyodo_nor-2019012101001683.html
  5. ^ https://www.joetsutj.com/articles/83395856
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (6 January 2020). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Deceased Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Verified supercentenarian cases – Japan". GRG. 10 April 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  8. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 115 in Japan". Fox News. Associated Press. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Deaths for 2011 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Deaths for 2010 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Deaths for 2007 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Deaths for 2012 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d "Deaths for 2009 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Deaths for 2008 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 1 July 2013. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  15. ^ 113歳、大城テルさん死去 沖縄県内最高齢 [Mrs. Teru Ohiro died at 113, the oldest person in Okinawa Prefecture]. Ryūkyū Shimpō (in Japanese). 29 January 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  16. ^ https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2019/04/c7a66c879392-feature-from-meiji-to-reiwa-japans-centenarians-provide-window-to-past.html
  17. ^ "Deaths Elsewhere - Denzo Ishizaki". The Baltimore Sun. 2 May 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  18. ^ "DENZO ISHIZAKI". Orlando Sentinel. 30 April 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  19. ^ Schumann, Rebecka (9 June 2014). "Misao Okawa, The World's Oldest Woman, And 39 Other Female Supercentenarians". International Business Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Worlds oldest age 117-year-old Tashima Navi died". Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  21. ^ Guinness World Records 2015. Guinness World Records. 11 September 2014. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-9088-4370-8.
  22. ^ a b Daniel Politi, The Last Known Person Born in the 19th Century Dies in Japan at 117, Slate Magazine, 22 April 2018.
  23. ^ "Japanese woman becomes 3rd oldest person in history". BNO News. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  24. ^ a b 「ナビばあちゃんちばりよー」/喜界町の田島さんに県祝い状 ["Grandma Nabi" - Kikai City holds provincial celebration for Mrs. Tajima] (in Japanese). 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  25. ^ 子孫140人…発酵飲料好み、よく食べ 国内最高齢117歳の田島ナビさん (in Japanese)
  26. ^ 117歳 世界一へ県民栄誉検討 田島ナビさんを知事訪問 鹿児島県喜界町 Archived 28 October 2017 at Archive.today (in Japanese)
  27. ^ World’s oldest woman misses record, The World News, 22 April 2018
  28. ^ Horton, Alex (22 April 2018). "The world's oldest person died at 117. She was the last known person born in the 19th century". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  29. ^ 国内最高齢112歳の男性死去 東京の吉田正光さん. 産経ニュース (in Japanese). 産経新聞. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  30. ^ http://www.grg.org/GRGNews2019.html
  31. ^ a b Japan’s Masazo Nonaka, declared world’s oldest living man in 2018, dies aged 113
  32. ^ "World's oldest man revealed as 112-year-old Masazo Nonaka". news.sky.com. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  33. ^ "The Key to Longevity for the World's Oldest Man Alive? Sumo Wrestling and Hot Springs". Time. Associated Press. 11 April 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  34. ^ "World's Oldest Man, Who Loved Sweets and Lived at a Hot Springs Inn, Dies in Japan at 113". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 30 January 2019.