Miscellaneous Babylonian Inscriptions

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Miscellaneous Babylonian Inscriptions
Semitic Babylonian contract-tablet.jpg
Semitic Babylonian contract-tablet inscribed in the reign of Hammurabi
Author George Aaron Barton
Country United States
Language English
Subject Language, Sumerology, Cuneiform studies, Translation
Publisher Yale University Press, Oxford University Press
Publication date
August 1918
Media type print (hardback)
Pages 177pp (first edition)
ISBN 978-1-148-59897-0
OCLC 2539495
LC Class PJ3711 .Y34 1983
Sumerian Cuneiform Cylinder similar to the "Barton Cylinder"

Miscellaneous Babylonian Inscriptions is a 1918, Sumerian linguistics and mythology book written by George Aaron Barton.[1]

It was first published by Yale University Press in the United States and deals with commentary and translations of twelve cuneiform, Sumerian myths and texts discovered by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology excavations at the temple library at Nippur.[2] Many of the texts are extremely archaic, especially the Barton Cylinder, which Samuel Noah Kramer suggested may date as early as 2500 BC.[3] A more modern dating by Joan Goodnick Westenholz has suggested the cylinder dates to around 2400 BC.[4]


Some of the myths contained in the book are shown below:

Modern title Museum number Barton's title
Debate between sheep and grain 14,005 A Creation Myth
Barton Cylinder 8,383 The oldest religious text from Babylonia
Enlil and Ninlil 9,205 Enlil and Ninlil
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D) 11,065 A hymn to Dungi
Old Babylonian oracle 8,322 An Old Babylonian oracle
Kesh temple hymn 8,384 Fragment of the so-called "Liturgy to Nintud"
Debate between Winter and Summer 8,310 Hymn to Ibbi-Sin
Hymn to Enlil 8,317 An excerpt from an exorcism
Lament for Ur 19,751, 2,204, 2,270 & 2,302 A prayer for the city of Ur


  1. ^ George Aaron Barton (1918). Miscellaneous Babylonian Inscriptions. Yale University Press. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  2. ^ C. Wade Meade (1974). Road to Babylon: Development of U.S. Assyriology. Brill Archive. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-90-04-03858-5. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Samuel Noah Kramer (1961). Sumerian Mythology: a study of spiritual and literary achievement in the third millennium B.C. Forgotten Books. pp. 28 & 148. ISBN 978-1-60506-049-1. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Miguel Ángel Borrás; Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (2000). La fundación de la ciudad: mitos y ritos en el mundo antiguo. Edicions UPC. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-84-8301-387-8. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 

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