Mishkenot Sha'ananim

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Mishkenot Sha'ananim guesthouse, restored historical building

Mishkenot Sha’ananim (Hebrew: משכנות שאננים‎, lit. Peaceful Habitation) was the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, on a hill directly across from Mount Zion. Built in 1859–1860, it was the first area of Jewish settlement in Jerusalem outside the Old City walls,[1] and was one of the first structures to be built outside the Old City of Jerusalem, the others being Kerem Avraham, the Schneller Orphanage, Bishop Gobat school and the Russian Compound.[2]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

Mishkenot Sha'anim was built by British Jewish banker and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore in 1860 as an almshouse, paid for by the estate of an American Jewish businessman from New Orleans, Judah Touro.[3] Since it was outside the walls and open to Bedouin raids, pillage and general banditry rampant in the region at the time, the Jews were reluctant to move in, even though the housing was luxurious compared to the derelict and overcrowded houses in the Old City.[4] As an incentive, people were even paid to live there, and a stone wall was built around the compound with a heavy door that was locked at night.[5] The name of the neighborhood was taken from Book of Isaiah 32:18: "My people will abide in peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings and in quiet resting places."[3]

Jordanian era[edit]

Montefiore Quarter – Mishkenot Sha'ananim 1948

After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, when the Old City was captured by the Arab Legion, Mishkenot Sha'ananim bordered on no man's land in proximity to the armistice line with the Kingdom of Jordan, and many residents left in the wake of sniper attacks by Jordanian Arab Legionnaires. Only the poorest inhabitants remained, turning the complex into a slum. Most of the Jews had left, with Arabs from the surrounding towns and villages (particularly Hebron) buying the homes and land the émigrés left behind.[citation needed]

Restoration after 1967[edit]

The no-man's-land bordering Mishkenot Sha'ananim was occupied by Israel during the 1967 War, together with the rest of Eastern and Old Jerusalem.[citation needed]

In 1973, Mishkenot Sha'ananim was turned into an upscale guesthouse for internationally acclaimed authors, artists and musicians visiting Israel.[3] Apart from guesthouse facilities, it is now a convention center and home of the Jerusalem Music Center.[1] The music center was inaugurated by Pablo Casals shortly before his death.[3]

The Jerusalem Center for Ethics was established in Mishkenot Sha'ananim in 1997. The board of directors is headed by Prof. Yitzhak Zamir, a retired justice of the Israeli Supreme Court.[6]

See also[edit]

Mishkenot Sha'ananim writers residence

The International Writers Festival in Mishkenot Sha'ananim is an annual festival that takes place in Jerusalem, Israel. Since Mishkenot Sha'ananim opened its doors in 1974, literature has played a central role in its activities. The festival started in 2008 and was a biennial event until 2018, when it was decided to hold it on a yearly basis.[7]

it features some forty writers from Israel and other countries who take part in events on the Mishkenot campus and at other locations in the city. The festival has been organized by Moti Schwartz Since 2014.


Background[edit]

Mishkenot Sha'ananim, founded by The Jerusalem Foundation and situated across from the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, is an international cultural institution and conference center for writers, artists, scholars, and intellectuals from all over the world.

Over the years, the center has welcomed writers and hosted literary events with guests from the worlds of music, film, theater, museums, architecture, and other cultural realms. Mishkenot offers programs based on a profound commitment to dialogue, tolerance, and diversity. It provides a platform for cultural exchange in a friendly, pluralistic atmosphere.

Mishkenot's residency programs, some of which operate in the framework of the International Writers Festival, host prominent artists from a variety of spheres who spend significant periods of time at the center and draw inspiration from it. For example, in the mid-1970s, Saul Bellow visited Israel and was the guest of Mishkenot. Immersing himself in the landscape and culture of Israel, he recorded the opinions, passions, and dreams of Israelis of varying viewpoints – from Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin to novelist Amos Oz and others. His book To Jerusalem and Back presents his account of his time there.[8]

The International Writers Festival 2008[edit]

Featuring Writers
Writer Name Country
Eli Amir Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Aharon Appelfeld
Naim Araidi
Yehuda Atlas
Gabriela Avigur Rotem
Haim Be'er
Sarah Blau
Yochi Brandes
Erri De Luca Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Nathan Englander Flag of the United States.svg USA
Anita Diamant
Anna Enquist Flag of the Netherlands.png The Netherlands
Avirama Golan Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Nadine Gordimer Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
David Grossman Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Amir Gutfreund
Gail Hareven
Alon Hilu
Yoel Hoffman
Lidia Jorge Portugal flag 300.png Portugal
Salim Jubran Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Ismail Kadare Flag of Albania.png Albania
Sayed Kashua Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Judith Katzir
Etgar Keret
Nicole Krauss Flag of the United States.svg USA
Savyon Liebrecht Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Gila Lustiger Flag of Germany.svg Germany/ Flag of France.png France
Mira Magen Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Andrei Makine Flag of France.png France
Guillermo Martinez Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Eyal Megged Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sami Michael
Eshkol Nevo
Amos Oz
Judith Rotem
Jonathan Safran Foer Flag of the United States.svg USA
Ingo Schulze Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Hussein Serag Egypt flag 300.png Egypt
Meir Shalev Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Zeruya Shalev
Ilan Sheinfeld
Hans Ulrich Treichel Flag of Germany.svgGermany
Niall Williams Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Boris Zaidman Flag of Israel.svg Israel

The International Writers Festival 2010[edit]

Featuring Writers
Shimon Adaf Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Eli Amir
Aharon Appelfeld
Naim Araidi
Paul B. Auster Flag of the United States.svg USA
Gabriela Avigur-Rotem Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yossi Avni-Levy
Russell Banks Flag of the United States.svg USA
Nir Baram Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sarah Blau
Dror Burstein
Adolfo Garcia Ortega Spain flag mini.png Spain
Nurit Gertz Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Paolo Giordano Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Michail Grobman Flag of Israel.svg Israel
David Grossman
Amir Gutfreund
Kathryn Harrison Flag of the United States.svg USA
Liliana Heker Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Judith Hermann Flag of Germany.svgGermany
Yoel Hoffman Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yu Hua Flag of the People's Republic of China.svgChina
Siri Hustvedt Flag of the United States.svg USA
Sayed Kashua Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Judith Katzir
Daniel Kehlman Flag of Germany.svgGermany
Etgar Keret Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Alona Kimhi
Jamaica Kincaid Flag of the United States.svg USA
Nicole Krauss
Andrej Kurkov Flag of UPR (22-03-19).PNG Ukraine
Ron Leshem Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Eyal Megged
Daniel Mendelsohn Flag of the United States.svg USA
Eshkol Nevo Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sofi Oksanen Flag of Finland (bordered).svg Finland
Amos Oz Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Michael Rips Flag of the United States.svg USA
Jonathan Safran Foer
Simon Sebag Montefiore Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK
Hussein Serag Egypt flag 300.png Egypt
Meir Shalev Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Zeruya Shalev
Yossi Sucary
Gdi Taub
Lyudmila Ulitskaya Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Abraham B. Yehoshua Flag of Israel.svg Israel

The International Writers Festival 2012[edit]

Featuring Writers
Shimon Adaf Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Lea Aini
Eli Amir
Yair Assulin
Nir Baram
Lukas Barfuss Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
Hanoch Bartov Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Haim Be'er
Aimee Bender Flag of the United States.svg USA
Sami Berdugo Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sarah Blau
Yochi Brandes
Orly Castel-Bloom
Tracy Chevalier Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK
Solveig Eggerz Flag of Iceland.png Iceland \ Flag of the United States.svg USA
Alona Frankel Flag of Israel.svg Israel
David Grossman
Arnon Grunberg Flag of the Netherlands.png The Netherlands
Amir Gutfreund Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Aleksandar Hemon Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.png Bosnia \ Flag of the United States.svg USA
Alon  Hilu Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sayed Kashua
Etgar Keret
Herman Koch Flag of the Netherlands.png The Netherlands
Laszlo Krasznahorkai Flag of Hungary.png Hungary
Haggay Linik Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Dory Manor
Ronit Matalon
Lorenza Mazzetti Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Dror Mishani Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yael Neeman
Eshkol Nevo
Amos Oz
Claudia Pineiro Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Dorit Rabinyan Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Tom Rob Smith Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK
Moshe Sakal Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Boualem Sansal Flag of Algeria.png Algeria
Meir Shalev Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Zeruya Shalev
Gary Shteyngart Flag of the United States.svg USA
Einat Yakir Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Abraham B. Yehoshua

The International Writers Festival 2014[edit]

Featuring Writers
Shimon Adaf Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Lea Aini
Nir Baram
Haim Be'er
Oudeh Bisharat
Sarah Blau
Alex Epstein
David Foenkinos Flag of France.pngFrance
Assaf Gavron Flag of Israel.svg Israel
David Grossman
Ayelet Gundar-Goshen
Eran Hadas
Esti G. Haim
Gail Hareven
Matan Hermoni
Assaf Inbari
Miron C. Izakson
Sayed Kashua
Judith Katzir
Etgar Keret
Maria  Kodama Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Michael Konyves Flag of the United States.svg USA
Lihi Lapid Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Nam Le Flag of Vietnam.svgVietnam \ Flag of Australia (Brighter).svg Australia
Ronit Matalon Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Dror Mishani
Agi Mishol
Reuven (Ruby) Namdar Flag of the United States.svg USA
Eshkol Nevo Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Krauss Nicole Flag of the United States.svg USA
Gabi Nitzan Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Amos Oz
Dorit Rabinyan
Laura Restrepo Flag of Colombia.png Colombia
Marilynne Robinson Flag of the United States.svg USA
Judith Rotem Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yishai Sarid
Nava Semel
Jan-Philipp Sendker Flag of Germany.svgGermany
Meir Shalev Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Jake Wallis Simons Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK
Ronny Someck Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yossi Sucary
Ofir Touche Gafla
Ayelet Waldman Flag of the United States.svg USA
Noa Yadlin Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Abraham B. Yehoshua


The International Writers Festival 2016[edit]

Shimon Adaf Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Noga Albalach
Lila Azam Zanganeh Flag of France.pngFrance / Iran
Nir Baram Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sarah Blau
Dror Burstein
Jesus  Carrasco Spain flag mini.png Spain
Orly Castel Bloom Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Galit Dahan Carlibach
Anita Desai Flag of India.pngIndia/ Flag of the United States.svg USA
Kiran Desai
Alex Epstein Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Assaf Gavron
Shira Geffen
Arik Glasner
Michal Govrin (Prof.)
David Grossman
Matan Hermoni
Mai Jia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svgChina
Dikla Keidar Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Etgar Keret
Noa Manheim
Anthony Marra Flag of the United States.svg USA
Colum McCann Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland / Flag of the United States.svg USA
Tamar Merin Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Sami Michael
Dror Mishani
Ruby Namdar Flag of the United States.svg USA / Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Tal Nitzan Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Shelly Oria Flag of the United States.svg USA / Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Leonid Pekarovsky Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Dorit Rabinyan
Yishai Sarid
Asaf Schurr
Meir Shalev
zeruya Shalev
Yaara Shehori
Ayman Sikseck
Ronny Someck
Gary  Shteyngart Flag of the United States.svg USA
Juan Gabriel Vásquez Flag of Colombia.png Colombia
Noa Yadlin Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Abraham B. Yehoshua
Nell Zink Flag of the United States.svg USA / Flag of Germany.svgGermany

The International Writers Festival 2018[edit]

Shimon Adaf Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Yair  Agmon
Maria  Alyokhina Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Nir Baram Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Paul  Beatty Flag of the United States.svg USA
Haim  Be'er Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Gon Ben Ari
Yuval Ben-Ami
Michal Ben-Naftali
Sarah Blau
Hila  Blum
Olga Borisova Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Dror  Burstein Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Ron Dahan
Galit Dahan-Carlibach
Assaf Gavron
Ruth   Gilligan Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Arik  Glasner Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Michal  Govrin
Gail Hareven
Nathan Hill Flag of the United States.svg USA
Miron H. Izakson Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Etgar  Keret
Alona Kimhi
Lihi Lapid
Dror  Mishani
Agi Mishol
Eshkol Nevo
Dorit Rabinyan
Yishai  Sarid
Samanta Schweblin Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Francesca  Segal Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK
Graeme Simsion Flag of Australia (Brighter).svg Australia
Noa Yedlin Flag of Israel.svg Israel

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mishkenot Sha'ananim, jewishvirtuallibrary.org
  2. ^ Kark, Ruth; Oren-Nordheim, Michal (2001). Jerusalem and Its Environs: Quarters, Neighborhoods, Villages, 1800–1948. Wayne State University Press. pp. 74, table on p.82-86. ISBN 0-8143-2909-8. The beginning of construction outside the Jerusalem Old City in the mid-19th century was linked to the changing relations between the Ottoman government and the European powers. After the Crimean War, various rights and privileges were extended to non-Muslims who now enjoyed greater tolerance and more security of life and property. All of this directly influenced the expansion of Jerusalem beyond the city walls. From the mid-1850s to the early 1860s, several new buildings rose outside the walls, among them the mission house of the English consul, James Finn, in what came to be known as Abraham's Vineyard (Kerem Avraham), the Protestant school built by Bishop Samuel Gobat on Mount Zion; the Russian Compound; the Mishkenot Sha’ananim houses: and the Schneller Orphanage complex. These complexes were all built by foreigners, with funds from abroad, as semi-autonomous compounds encompassed by walls and with gates that were closed at night. Their appearance was European, and they stood out against the Middle-Eastern-style buildings of Palestine.
  3. ^ a b c d Street People, Helga Dudman, The Jerusalem Post/Carta, 1982, pp. 21–22
  4. ^ Jerusalem architectural history
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 December 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) More information about Yemin Moshe
  6. ^ Konrad Adenauer Conference Center of Mishkenot Sha'ananim Archived 21 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Steinberg, Jessica. "Bi-annual Jerusalem book fests join forces to become yearly event". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  8. ^ Howe, Irving (17 October 1976). "To Jerusalem and Back". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 11 March 2019.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

Photographs[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′17.05″N 35°13′27.65″E / 31.7714028°N 35.2243472°E / 31.7714028; 35.2243472