Mishor Rotem Power Station
|Mishor Rotem Power Station|
|Location||Mishor Rotem, Dimona|
|Construction began||1987 (oil shale-fired plant)|
|Commission date||1989 (oil shale-fired plant)|
2013 (natural gas-fired plant)
|Decommission date||2011 (oil shale-fired plant)|
|Construction cost||US$30 million (oil shale-fired plant)|
US$500 million (natural gas-fired plant)
|Operator(s)||Rotem Amfert (oil shale-fired plant)|
OPC Rotem (natural gas-fired plant)
|Thermal power station|
|Primary fuel||Oil shale (until 2011)|
Natural gas (since 2013)
|Secondary fuel||Light fuel oil (since 2013)|
|Units operational||1 × 13 MW (oil shale-fired plant, decommissioned)|
1 × 440 MW (natural gas-fired plant)
|Make and model||Alstom (oil shale-fired plant)|
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (natural gas-fired plant)
|Nameplate capacity||440 MW|
The Mishor Rotem Power Station is a former oil shale-fired power station and current natural gas-fired power station in Mishor Rotem, Israel. It is operated by OPC Rotem, a subsidiary of the Israel Corporation (80%) and Veolia Environnement (20%).
Oil shale-fired power plant
The oil shale-fired power plant was first commissioned as 1978 as a test pilot plant, with an installed capacity of 0.1 MW. Between 1982 and 1986, the PAMA, a subsidiary of Israel Electric Corporation, established and operated a 1 MW pilot plant. After a R&D program was carried out and funded by PAMA and the Israel Ministry of National Infrastructures with an investment of approximately $30 million, the 13 MW demonstration plant was completed in 1989. The generated power was sold to the Israel Electric Corporation (IEC), and low-pressure steam was supplied to an adjacent industrial complex. After 2000, the power station was operated by Rotem Amfert Negev, a subsidiary of Israel Chemicals, an Israel Corporation company.
The power station required approximately half a million tons of oil shale annually, which was transported from a nearby open-pit mine. A large part of the ash generated in the process was used in products such as cat litter. Most of the ash product was distributed in Europe under the commercial name Alganite.
OPC Rotem natural gas power plant
OPC Rotem, a joint venture of IC Power, a subsidiary of the Israel Corporation, and Dalkia Israel Ltd., a subsidiary of Veolia Environnement, built a 440 MW single-shaft combined cycle natural gas-fired power plant at the site. Constructed by Daewoo with turbines and generators from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, it came on-line in the summer of 2013.
Originally, IC Power requested permission to build a station twice the current size (consisting of two generation units), however, insufficient transmission capacity from the area led regulators to only approve the construction of a single generation unit. Since then, IC Power has requested approval to add an additional generation unit to the site contingent on when additional transmission capacity to the area will become available.
- Peretz, Efrat (2013-10-17). "Israel Corp. mulls selling Mishor Rotem power station". Globes. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- Minster, Tsevi (2006). "Oil Shale in Israel". Ministry of National Infrastructures. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- "Technology". OPC Rotem website. Retrieved 3 February 2014.