Misima language

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Misima
Misima-Panaeati
Region Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
18,000  (2002)[1]
4,000 monolinguals
Austronesian
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mpx
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Misima-Panaeati, also called Misiman, is an indigenous Austronesian language spoken on the islands of Misima, Panaieti, and the islands of the eastern half of the Calvados Chain of Papua New Guinea.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Misima-Paneati has 5 vowel phonemes.[2]

Front Back
High i /i/ u /u/
Mid e /e/ o /o/
Low a /a ~ ə ~ ʌ/

Consonants[edit]

Misima-Paneati has 17 consonant phonemes.[2]

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Labialized Plain Labialized Plain
Stop Voiceless p /p/ pw /pʷ/ t /t/ k /k/
Voiced b /b/ bw /bʷ/ d /d/ g /ɡ/ gw /ɡʷ/
Nasal m /m/ mw /mʷ/ n /n ~ ŋ/
Fricative Voiceless s /s/ h /h/
Voiced v /β/
Approximant y /j ~ ʝ/
Lateral approximant l /l/

Syllables[edit]

In Misima-Paneati, the following syllable types commonly occur: V, CV, CVC, and VC.[3]

The open syllables V and CV are found in all positions of words, whereas the closed syllables CVC and VC are only found word finally and across morpheme boundaries, with the exception of the following 5 words:[3]

  • /ˈanma/ – ‘feelings’
  • /ˈkimpos/ – ‘centre pole’
  • /kinˈbʷai/ – ‘fingernail’
  • /sinˈɡili/ – ‘centre rib of coconut leaf’
  • /tabˈnaha/ – ‘sneeze’

The only monomorphemic consonant clusters that always occur across syllable boundaries are:[4]

  • /mn/
  • /mp/
  • /nb/
  • /nɡ/
  • /bn/

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Misima at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Callister 1993, p. 1
  3. ^ a b Callister 1993, p. 17
  4. ^ Callister 1993, p. 18

References[edit]

  • Callister, Sandra (2005). Baaba ana talisi ana buki. Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics. ISBN 9980-0-3055-0. 
  • Callister, William (1993). "Misiman phonology". Phonologies of Austronesian languages 2: 1–24.