The tradition of kabuki in Nagoya goes back to the Edo period. With the opening of Japan to the West in the Meiji era, the Japanese wooden structure was replaced with a permanent building that was constructed out of brick and mortar in the Western Renaissance style in 1895. This structure was enlargened by the 1920s with a pillared porch added to the front. The old theatre was destroyed during the Bombing of Nagoya in World War II.
The new structure was constructed in the 1970s. A number of curtains, called doncho, were designed for the theatre. The artist Tamako Kataoka designed one of the curtains called "Flowers at Mount Fuji" (富士に献花), which was sponsored by Matsuzakaya. Downstairs there are a number of restaurants open for customers during the break.
The last performance was given in March 2013 following the shūmei name-taking ceremony (襲名) of Ichikawa En'ō II, Ichikawa Ennosuke IV and Ichikawa Chūsha IX. The building will be partially torn down and rebuilt, opening is scheduled in 2018. Performances will be held at the Chunichi Theatre during this time.
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