Misool

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Misool
Misool is located in Maluku
Misool
Misool
Geography
LocationOceania
Coordinates1°53′41″S 130°5′1″E / 1.89472°S 130.08361°E / -1.89472; 130.08361Coordinates: 1°53′41″S 130°5′1″E / 1.89472°S 130.08361°E / -1.89472; 130.08361
ArchipelagoRaja Ampat Islands
Area2,034 km2 (785 sq mi)
Area rank205
Highest elevation561 m (1841 ft)
Administration
Province West Papua
Location of Misool

Misool, formerly spelled Mysol (Dutch: Misoöl) or Misol,[1] is one of the four major islands in the Raja Ampat Islands in West Papua, Indonesia. Its area is 2,034 km². The highest point is 561 m[2] and the main towns are Waigama, located on the island's northern coast, and Lilinta.

The inhabitants speak the Biga language and the Matbat language, as well as Indonesian.[3][4]

Other main islands of this group off the western end of West Papua are Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo, and there are numerous smaller islands such as Kofiau.[5]

Ecology[edit]

Terrestrial[edit]

Misool is part of the Vogelkop–Aru lowland rain forests ecoregion, which includes the other Raja Ampat Islands and the Bird's Head Peninsula on mainland New Guinea. Plant communities include alluvial, or lowland alluvial rain forest and lowland hill rain forest. Native animals include marsupials, murid rodents, bats, and many birds, including several endemic species.[6] Some native animals include:

Marine[edit]

Misool and the Raja Ampat Islands are part of the Coral Triangle, and islands' coral reefs and coastal waters are some of the most biodiverse on Earth. Native fish include the Misool rainbowfish (Melanotaenia misoolensis) and Misool yellowfin rainbowfish (Melanotaenia flavipinnis).[7][8] A section of Raja Ampat Marine Recreation Park covers the coastal waters southeast of the island. The park was designated in 2009.[9]

History[edit]

By the 17th century, the Tidore kingdom had close economic ties with the island. Around 1705, it was reported that local chiefs had adopted Islam.[10]

Misool was a part of the Dutch colonial empire under the Netherlands East Indies administration. The Japanese occupied the island in 1942, became the base of Imperial Japanese Navy until 1945.[11]

Pulau Misool Nature Reserve[edit]

Pulau Misool Nature Reserve
Cagar Alam Pulau Misool
Area84,000 ha (320 sq mi)
Designated1982
OperatorBalai KSDA Maluku

Pulau Misool Nature Reserve was established in 1982. It covers the southern portion of the island, with an area of 840 km2.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Books search for Misol Indonesia
  2. ^ ISLAND DIRECTORY. UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site.
  3. ^ Ethnologue - Biga
  4. ^ Ethnologue - Matbat
  5. ^ "Traditional kingdoms of Maluku, early 15th century, and the spheres of influence of Ternate and Tidore, early 16th century". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  6. ^ "Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
  7. ^ Allen, G.R., Hadiaty, R.K. & Unmack, P.J. (2014): Melanotaenia flavipinnis, a new species of Rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae) from Misool Island, West Papua Province, Indonesia, aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 20 (1): 35-52.
  8. ^ Allen, G. 1996. Melanotaenia misoolensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007.
  9. ^ = "KKPD KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN RAJA AMPAT". Protected Planet. Accessed 8 August 2021. [1]
  10. ^ Slama, Martin (2015), "Papua as an Islamic Frontier: Preaching in 'the Jungle' and the Multiplicity of Spatio-Temporal Hierarchisations", From 'Stone-Age' to 'Real-Time': Exploring Papuan Temporalities, Mobilities and Religiosities, ANU Press, pp. 243–270, ISBN 978-1-925022-43-8
  11. ^ No. 92 of the Japanese Monographs — "Southwest Area Naval Operations, Apr. 1942 – Apr. 1944", 10 September 1947.
  12. ^ a b "Pulau Misool". Protected Planet. Accessed 8 August 2021. [2]

External links[edit]