Miss Brazil

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Organização Miss Brasil
Formation1954; 70 years ago (1954)
TypeBeauty pageant
HeadquartersSão Paulo
Miss Universe
Official language
National director
Gerson Antonelli

Miss Brazil (Portuguese: Miss Brasil) is a Brazilian national beauty pageant, held annually since 1954. The competition has gone through several incarnations throughout its history, while its main purpose has been to select the Brazilian representative for the Miss Universe pageant. From 2020-2023, the pageant has been owned by Brazilian businessman Winston Ling, while Marthina Brandt has served as its national director.


Early years and golden age (1954–1972)

Martha Rocha, Miss Brazil 1954

Since 1900, competitions in the vein of Miss Brazil had existed sporadically throughout the country in a non-consecutive manner. Violeta Lima Castro, crowned Miss Brazil 1900, is sometimes considered the first Miss Brazil, although the records surrounding her being the alleged first winner are inconsistent and some records allege that a different woman was crowned as the first Miss Brazil during the time of the Empire of Brazil in 1865. Overall, evidence supports that eight women had been crowned Miss Brazil in the early years before a Miss Brazil pageant was formally created.[1][2]

Year Miss Brazil State
1900 Violeta Lima Castro  Rio de Janeiro
1912 Noêmia Nabuco de Castro  Rio de Janeiro
1922 Maria José "Zezé" Leone  São Paulo
1929 Olga Bergamini de Sá  Rio de Janeiro
1930 Yolanda Pereira  Rio Grande do Sul
1932 Ieda Telles de Menezes  Rio de Janeiro
1939 Vânia Pinto  Rio de Janeiro
1949 Jussara Marques  Goiás

The Miss Brazil competition was formally created in 1954, and held annually since. Its inaugural edition was held at the Palácio Quitandinha in Petrópolis, and used to select a Brazilian representative for Miss Universe 1954, Brazil's first time competing in Miss Universe. Martha Rocha ultimately won the title, and is thus considered the first formal Miss Brazil winner. Following this inaugural event, Miss Brazil was held annually to elect a woman to represent Brazil at Miss Universe, becoming the first time where a national beauty pageant was held regularly in Brazil. Catalina Swimwear, the founder and main sponsor of Miss Universe, became sponsors of the Miss Brazil competition and provided swimwear for the contestants.[3]

Diários Associados began promoting and broadcasting the competition in 1955, which significantly increased press coverage and recognition of the competition in Brazil, turning it into the second-most watched event on Brazilian television, behind only the matches of the Brazil national football team. Miss Brazil entered its golden age in the 1960s, with Iêda Maria Vargas winning Miss Universe 1963 and Martha Vasconcellos winning Miss Universe 1968, its only wins in the competition.[4] Lúcia Petterle also later was crowned Miss World 1971, making Brazil one of the few countries at the time to have won both of the world's two major international beauty pageants. At the time, the first runner-up of Miss Brazil was nominated to compete at Miss World.[5]

Move to Brasília (1973–1980)

In 1973, the organizers of Miss Brazil opted to move the pageant from Ginásio do Maracanãzinho in Rio de Janeiro, where it had traditionally been held, to Nilson Nelson Gymnasium in Brasília. This was done for both strategic and political reasons: most connecting flights throughout Brazil stopped in Brasília, Brasília was the location of the headquarters of Diários Associados, and being the federal capital, the president of Brazil could be involved in greeting the contestants.[6]

Following the move of the competition to Brasília, Miss Brazil was faced with a number of problems in regards to viewership and sponsors. The competition began to experience a decrease in popularity, both in television viewers and ticket sales. This problem was exacerbated with the withdrawal of key sponsor Helena Rubinstein Incorporated in 1976. Rede Tupi continued to broadcast Miss Brazil until its bankruptcy in 1980.

SBT and continued decline (1981–1999)

Following the bankruptcy of Rede Tupi in 1980, Miss Brazil was transferred to Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão (SBT) and its owner Silvio Santos. During this period, Marlene Brito was hired by SBT as the new national director of Miss Brazil, tasked with overseeing day-to-day operations and the preparation of contestants. During the SBT era, Santos became known as the face of Miss Brazil, hosting the pageant every year. However, the competition did not see an uptick in support or viewership, and continued to decline in popularity. In 1990, SBT dropped Miss Brazil from its scheduling due to the continued downturn in viewership.

Following the withdrawal of SBT, Brito opted to leave the network and found her own company to promote Brazilian beauty pageants, called The Most of Brazilian Beauty. Brito organized the national pageants in 1991 and 1992, but due to a lack of sponsorship, was forced to appoint a titleholder instead in 1993. The following year Paulo Max took over the Miss Brazil organization, and after his death in 1996, his children Paulo Max Filho and Ana Paula Sang organized the competition from 1997 until 1999.

Gaeta (2000–2011)

In 2000, Brazilian event planning company Gaeta Promoções e Eventos took over the duties of organizing Miss Brazil, through a deal that saw the competition broadcast through the CNT Rio de Janeiro local station. In 2002, the competition returned to national television after being transferred to the newly created RedeTV!. The pageant entered into a partnership with Rede Bandeirantes (Band) in 2003, which saw renewed media promotion throughout Brazil. This agreement led to a reemergence of popularity amongst the Brazilian public, with Miss Universe 2003 becoming the most-watched event of the night in Brazil according to the Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics (IBOPE).[7]

Band (2012–2019)

Raissa Santana, Miss Brazil 2016

In 2012, the Brazilian franchise for Miss Universe was awarded entirely to Band, ending their partnership with Gaeta and removing Gaeta from the Brazilian franchise entirely. From 2012 until 2015, the Brazilian media conglomerate Grupo Bandeirantes de Comunicação was responsible for directing the national pageant and selecting candidates from the 27 state pageants.

Polishop partnership (2015–2019)

In 2015, amidst severe financial hardship, Band entered into an agreement with Brazilian retailer Polishop [pt], under the leadership of Polishop owner João Appolinário [pt]. With this agreement, Band was only responsible for the annual broadcast of the competition, with Polishop responsible for all other management and organization. During this time, the competition was renamed to Miss Brasil Be Emotion.[8]

Miss Universe Brazil (2020–present)

In July 2019, the partnership between Band and Polishop came to an end due to a decrease in interest from the Brazilian public, and the Brazilian press alleged that Brazil would not have a representative at Miss Universe 2020.[9][10]

In October 2019, Natália Guimarães confirmed that she had news regarding the future of Miss Brazil, and that fans should expect a "new era" for the competition.[11] Band later confirmed that they were not abandoning the Miss Brazil brand, but would be dependent on new sponsorship. In March 2020, it was confirmed that Band's license with the Miss Universe Organization was not renewed.[12][13][14]

In July 2020, it was announced that Brazilian businessman Winston Ling had purchased the Brazilian franchise for Miss Universe, and that the competition would be rebranded as U Miss Brazil (later changed to Miss Universe Brazil the following year).[15][16] In November 2020, Marthina Brandt, a former Miss Brazil winner, was hired as the national director of the newly created competition. The organization appointed a representative to be its inaugural titleholder in 2020, and held its first national pageant in 2021.[17]


Each year, contestants are chosen through a series of state pageants held throughout Brazil (the 26 states and the Federal District) in the second half of the year before and the first half of the year before the national competition. Over time, the states represented at Miss Brazil have varied slightly. The following 27 state pageants (the Federal District, Distrito Federal, is counted as a state) currently send contestants to Miss Brazil:

The state competitions are organized by state organizations, and contestants must reside or attend school in the state they choose to represent. State Organizations have their own discretion as to how they wish to field candidates for the state contests. Some choose to organize a number of local contests corresponding to cities or municipalities within the state, while others use closed casting processes.

Recent titleholders

Year Miss Brazil State Notes
2023 Maria Brechane[18]  Rio Grande do Sul Voice For Change (Top 10)
2022 Mia Mamede[19]  Espírito Santo
2021 Teresa Santos  Ceará
2020 Julia Gama  Rio Grande do Sul First Runner-up at Miss Universe 2020
2019 Júlia Horta  Minas Gerais Top 20 at Miss Universe 2019


Winners by state

Number State Years
16  Rio Grande do Sul
  • 1956
  • 1963
  • 1972
  • 1986
  • 1993
  • 1999
  • 2001
  • 2002[a]
  • 2004
  • 2006
  • 2008
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2015
  • 2020
  • 2023
9  Minas Gerais
  • 1961
  • 1971
  • 1978
  • 1983
  • 1995
  • 1997
  • 2007
  • 2010
  • 2019
8  São Paulo
  • 1967
  • 1973
  • 1974
  • 1976
  • 1977
  • 1984
  • 1991
  • 1994
 Rio de Janeiro[b][c]
  • 1958
  • 1959
  • 1960
  • 1965
  • 1966
  • 1970
  • 1980
  • 1981
5  Santa Catarina
  • 1969
  • 1975
  • 1988
  • 2002[a]
  • 2005
4  Ceará
  • 1955
  • 1989
  • 2014
  • 2021
  • 1964
  • 1992
  • 1996
  • 2016
3  Mato Grosso
  • 1985
  • 2000
  • 2013
  • 1954
  • 1962
  • 1968
2  Amazonas
  • 1957
  • 2018
 Rio Grande do Norte
  • 1979
  • 2009
1  Espírito Santo
  • 2022
  • 2017
  • 2003
 Mato Grosso do Sul
  • 1998
 Distrito Federal
  • 1987
  • 1982


  1. ^ a b In 2002, winner Joseane Oliveira of Rio Grande do Sul was dethroned after it was revealed that she was married at the time of her crowning. She was replaced as Miss Brazil by her first runner-up, Taíza Thömsen of Santa Catarina.
  2. ^ Until 1960, portions of Rio de Janeiro were administered under the Federal District of Brazil at the time, which was the city of Rio de Janeiro, and titleholders who represented Distrito Federal (Rio de Janeiro) are included here.
  3. ^ Until 1975, portions of Rio de Janeiro were administered under the state of Guanabara, and titleholders who represented Guanabara are included here.


  1. ^ "Primeira Miss Brasil era de Santos" (in Portuguese). Novo Milênio. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  2. ^ "História do concurso" (in Portuguese). Palmas Convention e Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  3. ^ "History – Miss Universe". Miss Universe.com. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Miss Universe 1968". Pageantopolis. Archived from the original on 27 December 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. ^ "1971 – Lúcia Tavares Petterle – Guanabara". Miss Brasil World. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  6. ^ A Ditadura Derrotada. Google Livros. 2003. ISBN 9788535904284. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  7. ^ "Miss Brasil leva Band ao primeiro lugar no Ibope" (in Portuguese). Folha Online. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Miss Brasil 2016 registra recorde de candidatas negras". EGO. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Com prejuízo e sem Ibope, Band anuncia fim do Miss Brasil em 2020" (in Portuguese). Observatório da Televisão. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Band não renova com Polishop, e Brasil ficará de fora do Miss Universo 2020" (in Portuguese). F5. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Natália Guimarães no Instagram: "Sim... o Miss Brasil está vivo!! Preparem-se para uma nova era, um novo ciclo!! Aguardem novidades incríveis!"" (in Portuguese). Instagram. Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Ex-diretor do Miss Brasil se une a ex-misses para garantir o concurso em 2020" (in Portuguese). F5. 10 October 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  13. ^ Meneses, Ian. "Fim de um era: Band não renova transmissão e licenciamento do Miss Brasil Universo" (in Portuguese). www.bahianoticias.com.br. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Band formaliza a parceiros que não detém mais franquia do Miss Universo" (in Portuguese). F5. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Publicação do Instagram de Winston Ling • 7 de Jul, 2020 às 5:58 UTC" (in Portuguese). Instagram. Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  16. ^ "twitter.com/winstonling/status/1280393839879098369" (in Portuguese). Twitter. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Miss Brasil 2020 será indicada pela nova organização até agosto por causa da pandemia". F5 (in Portuguese). 7 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Maria Brechane, do Rio Grande do Sul, é a Miss Universo Brasil 2023". Gshow (in Portuguese). 9 July 2023. Retrieved 9 July 2023.
  19. ^ Santana, Caio (19 July 2022). "Espírito Santo vence Miss Brasil pela 1ª vez na história com Mia Mamede". Universo Online (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 20 July 2022.

External links