Miss Julie (1951 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Alf Sjöberg|
|Produced by||Rune Waldekranz|
|Screenplay by||Alf Sjöberg|
|Based on||Miss Julie
by August Strindberg
|Music by||Dag Wirén|
|Edited by||Lennart Wallén|
Miss Julie (Swedish: Fröken Julie) is a 1951 Swedish drama film directed by Alf Sjöberg and starring Anita Björk and Ulf Palme, based on the play of the same name by August Strindberg. The film deals with class, sex and power as the title character, the daughter of a Count in 19th century Sweden, begins a relationship with one of the estate's servants. The film won the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film at the 1951 Cannes Film Festival.
Following a scandalous broken engagement, Miss Julie, the daughter of Count Carl, forgoes a family Midsummers' Eve celebration to "honour" the estate servants' ball with her presence. There, she dances with one of the servants, Jean, whom she is attracted to. She orders him to sit at the table with her for beers, and humiliatingly forces him to kiss her shoe. Outside, she makes advances on him; the hand, hiding behind a sculpture, witnesses the encounter in shock. Miss Julie asks Jean if he has ever been in love. He replies he loved her as a boy, when he lived in poverty and saw her on the estate, but he was chased off as an "urchin". The servants march forward, singing and looking for Jean; Julie and Jean realize the scandal that will erupt if they are seen together, and attempt to escape and hide, but the hand has already told of what he saw.
Jean and Julie contemplate escape; Jean, condemning the tradition and class bias of Sweden, wishes to take a train to Italy, where he can run a hotel with investment capital from Julie. Julie replies she has no money of her own, and is shocked by his sudden demeanor of callousness towards her. He is unconcerned about her fears of the Count learning of the scandal, and reveals he is not willing to die for her as he suggested. Just as he had told her about his boyhood, Julie recounts her girlhood: Her mother Berta was a commoner who believed in women's rights and had to be persuaded to marry. She married Count Carl, and they had Julie, who was dressed in boy's clothes, but Julie preferred playing with dolls. The Countess set fire to their home. The Count later attempted suicide by firearm. Upon hearing of the story, Jean declares himself of superior heritage, as Julie is the daughter of an arsonist.
Before leaving on Midsummers' Day, Jean sees Julie's finch Serine, and declares they cannot take a birdcage. When Julie says she would rather Serine die than be left behind, Jean breaks its neck; Julie curses him and the day she was born. When the Count returns, he finds Julie has killed herself by razor, under the portrait of the Countess.
- Anita Björk as Miss Julie
- Ulf Palme as Jean
- Märta Dorff as Kristin, cook
- Lissi Alandh as Countess Berta, Julie's mother
- Anders Henrikson as Count Carl, Julie's father
- Inga Gill as Viola
- Åke Fridell as Robert
- Kurt-Olof Sundström as Julie's fiancé
- Max von Sydow as hand
- Margaretha Krook as governess
- Åke Claesson as doctor
- Inger Norberg as Julie as a child
- Jan Hagerman as Jean as a child
Sjöberg had directed a stage adaption of August Strindberg's Miss Julie in 1949, starring Ulf Palme as Jean and Inga Tidblad in the title role. For the film adaptation, not only Palme was kept but also many of the set designs. Tidblad however, at the age of almost 50, was replaced by the 27-year-old Anita Björk. Tidblad's interpretation was held as an ideal by the director and only during the exterior sequences, which had not been part of the stage version, did Björk feel that the part actually belonged to her.
In the book-length interview Hitchcock/Truffaut (Simon and Schuster, 1967), Alfred Hitchcock said he had hired Björk as the female lead for I Confess in 1952, after seeing her in Miss Julie. However, when Björk arrived in Hollywood with her lover Stig Dagerman and their baby, Jack L. Warner, head of Warner Brothers. insisted that Hitchcock find another actress.
Alf Sjöberg won the highest honour of the Cannes Film Festival, the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film, the equivalent of the Palme d'Or in later years. Sjöberg, who won earlier for Torment, was the first Swedish director to win the award, and the only until 2017, when Ruben Östlund won for The Square. Miss Julie was also nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Film in 1952.
In 1987, The New York Times critic Walter Goodman criticized the film, writing "Bjork seems bewildered by the constant shifts of emotional response required of her". The Guardian's Philip French recalled Bjork in 2000 as "an unforgettable Julie". In 2008, Entertainment Weekly's Tim Purtell called it "startling" and cited Bjork for a "feverish performance". Reviewing The Criterion Collection DVD, Stuart Henderson cited for "exciting liberties" taken with the classic play, creating a "deeply compelling" film. In his 2015 Movie Guide, Leonard Maltin gave it three stars, commending it as "Superbly acted and photographed".
- "Festival de Cannes: Miss Julie". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- Lumholdt, Jan (2010). "Playing the part" (PDF). Swedish Film. Swedish Film Institute. 8 (1): 41. ISSN 1654-0050. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- "Fröken Julie (1951) - Filming locations". Swedish Film Database. Swedish Film Institute. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Hopkins, Karen Brooks; Friedman, Carolyn Stolper (1997). Successful Fundraising for Arts and Cultural Organizations. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 207. ISBN 1573560294.
- "Swede wins Palme d'Or in Cannes". Sveriges Radio. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "Film in 1952". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Goodman, Walter (1987). "HOME VIDEO: MOVIES". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- French, Philip (3 September 2000). "Miss Julie". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Purtell, Tim (1 February 2008). "Froken Julie". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Stuart, Henderson (21 February 2008). "Miss Julie". PopMatters. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Maltin, Leonard (2014). Leonard Maltin's 2015 Movie Guide. Penguin. ISBN 0698183614.