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Miss Teen USA

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Miss Teen USA
Miss Teen USA logo.svg
Predecessor1959; 63 years ago (1959) (Teen magazine)
FormationAugust 30, 1983; 38 years ago (1983-08-30) (Miss Universe Organization)
TypeBeauty pageant
HeadquartersLos Angeles
Location
Official language
English
National Director
Crystle Stewart[1]
Parent organization
Miss USA Organization
AffiliationsMicrosoft
Sony Interactive Entertainment
Websitewww.missteenusa.com

Miss Teen USA is a beauty pageant formerly run, since 1983, by the Miss Universe Organization for girls aged 14–19. Unlike its sister pageants Miss Universe, which currently broadcasts on Fox and Miss USA, this pageant is webcast on the Miss Teen USA website and simulcast on mobile devices and video game consoles. The Miss Universe Organization previously operated Miss Teen USA, as well as Miss USA, until 2020 when the rights to produce both pageants were licensed to Miss USA 2008 Crystle Stewart.[2] The parent company of all three pageants and the Miss Universe organization remains the same under the licensing agreement: IMG, a subsidiary of Endeavor.

Prior to 1983, a beauty contest bestowing the title of Miss Teen USA was first held in 1959 as a mail-in photo contest by Teen magazine.[3][4]

It next became an annual live stage event through the 1960s and in 1983, the pageant began being produced annually as part of the Miss Universe family of pageants.[5] It was broadcast live on CBS until 2002 and then on NBC from 2003 to 2007. In March 2007, it was announced that the broadcast of the Miss Teen USA pageant on NBC had not been renewed, and that Miss Teen USA 2007 would be the final televised event.[6]

From 2008 to 2015, the pageant was held at the Atlantis Paradise Island Resort, located in Nassau, Bahamas. Since 2016, the pageant has been held in the United States once more, and since 2018, it is held concurrently with its sister Miss USA pageant in a single city a few days before the start of Miss USA final competition.[7]

Notable pageant winners include actresses Kelly Hu (1985, Hawaii), Bridgette Wilson (1990, Oregon), Charlotte Lopez-Ayanna (1993, Vermont), Vanessa Minnillo (1998, South Carolina) and Shelley Hennig (2004, Louisiana).

The current titleholder is Breanna Myles of Florida (born and raised in Kentucky), who was crowned on November 27, 2021, at the River Spirit Casino Resort in Tulsa, Oklahoma.[8]

History

1959 to 1982

1959

Prior to becoming part of the Miss Universe pageant system in 1983 and current ownership by IMG, the title of "Miss Teen USA" was bestowed upon the winner of an annual competition in the United States from 1959 onward, with Peggy Collins, 17, of Lake Charles, Louisiana winning the honor that first year in a contest created by Teen magazine.[3][4] Celebrity judges for the mail-in photo competition included Paul Newman, Robert Wagner, Shirley MacLaine, Janet Leigh, producer Jerry Wald, and fashion designer Edith Head.[3]

1962 to 1968

The pageant continued from 1962 to 1968.[9][10][11]

The 1962 Miss Teen USA was named at the Teen-Age Fair, a ten-day event, over the Easter holiday,[12] in April, held at the Pacific Ocean Park in Santa Monica, California, which had 32 teen-aged girls from across the United States participating and Linda Henning, a 15-year-old from Sioux Falls, South Dakota, was named Miss Teen USA for 1962.[13][14] She was crowned by television comedian Soupy Sales.[15]

Ohio teenager Judy Adams, 16, was Miss Teen USA for 1963.[10][16] The four-day event was held at the Teen-Age Fair[17] on the grounds of the 15-acre Pickwick Recreation Center[18][19] in Burbank, California, with girls age 14 to 18 representing all 50 states competing.[20] Pickwick Recreation Center was Gay's Pickwick Swim Park and is now called Pickwick Gardens.[21][22][23][24][25][26][12][27][28]

The winner of Miss Teen USA 1964 was Nancy Spry of Van Nuys, California.[11][29] Bob Eubanks hosted the televised 1964 pageant, with actor Sebastian Cabot one of the guests.[30][31][32]

Singer Bobby Darin crowned 1965's Miss Teen USA in April, at the Hollywood Palladium,[33] who was Susan Henning, an 18-year-old student attending Long Beach, California State College.[29][34][35][36]

Miss Teen USA in 1966 was Cindy Lewis.[37] The 1967 pageant was hosted by Sam Riddle and held at the Hollywood Palladium in March.[38]

The pageant in 1968 was held on Saturday, April 13, 1968, in Hollywood and was won by Pamela Martin, 18, from Birmingham, Michigan.[39]

In 1969, local "Miss Teen" winners in the western United States; for example, "Miss Teen Burbank," "Miss Teen Sherman Oaks," "Miss Teen Van Nuys," et al., competed in a regional competition for the title of "Miss Teen Western United States," with the winner earning a spot at the Miss Teen USA pageant, which was held on April 3, 1969, again at the Hollywood Palladium.[40]

Before the Miss Teen USA pageant became part of the Miss Universe system in 1983, titleholders of "Miss Teen USA" in the 1960s either competed as contestants or made appearances at the annual Miss Teen International pageant in Hollywood.[37][39][41][42]

1970 to 1979

The history of the Miss Teen USA pageant during the 1970s is less clear. The pageant in the late 1970s was moved to November and as a result the winner was crowned Miss Teen USA for the upcoming year rather than the year that had just past and in which the pageant was held.

In 1978, the pageant to select the 1979 titleholder was held in late November in Miami, Florida during the Thanksgiving holiday week.[43]

In August 1979, the Associated Press wire service ran a multi-part newspaper series over three consecutive days on beauty pageants, which included Miss Teen USA. The series stated that a company called "Miss Teen USA Corp" was formed in 1979, which oversaw the national pageant and in-house and franchised state-level Miss Teen USA pageants.[44][45] The Miss Teen USA pageant was registered in 1979 to operate under its trade name in the states of New Jersey and Virginia, according to the Burlington County, New Jersey Consumer Affairs Office, which had received inquiries from the public about the legitimacy of it and two other pageants, Miss U.S. Teen-age and Miss National Teen-age, the latter which was not registered but had held a pageant recently.[46]

Included among the many state-level Miss Teen USA pageants in 1979 were Alaska, Hawaii, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.[45][47] The winner in 1979 of the national Miss Teen USA title received a $15,000 scholarship, while state titleholders received a $500 scholarship.[45]

1980 to 1982

Miss Teen USA for 1980 was Susan McDannold, 19, of St. Albans, West Virginia, who was crowned on December 1, 1979.[48][49]

Miss Teen USA for 1981 was Tammy Jo Hopkins, 17, of Omaha, Nebraska, who was crowned on November 22, 1980, and who entered as 1980 Miss Nebraska Teen.[50][51][52] The Miss Teen USA pageant in late November 1980, in which Hopkins won the 1981 title, was held in Albuquerque, New Mexico.[53] Tammy Jo Hopkins did not have a full year's reign as 1981 Miss Teen USA. She relinquished her crown and title to 1980 Miss Teen USA winner Susan McDannold after accepting a print modeling and TV commercial acting representation contract with a top model agency in New York City (as Tammy Hopkins).[49][54] McDannold then completed the remainder of the title year as Miss Teen USA for 1981. Susan McDannold is the only Miss Teen USA to ever hold the title twice.

Hugrun Ragnarsson, 18, was crowned 1982 Miss Teen USA in late November 1981.[55] After this pageant, the Miss Universe Organization decided to award the title for the year in which the pageant was held, so the next pageant, held during the summer of 1983 on August 30, was crowned the 1983 Miss Teen USA winner.

Miss Universe, Inc. filed a lawsuit on July 18, 1979, in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division, against the company running the late-1970s version of the pageant, Miss Teen U.S.A., Inc., for trademark infringement over a claimed similarity with its own "Miss U.S.A." pageant title and some of its related registered trademarks.[56] The lawsuit, Miss Universe, Inc. v. Miss Teen U.S.A., Inc., resulted initially in an injunction being issued on March 25, 1980, ordering Miss Teen U.S.A., Inc. to cease holding future pageants with the name "Miss Teen U.S.A." so as not to confuse people with the "Miss U.S.A." pageant.[57][58] The injunction was appealed but eventually upheld. The court ruling did not invalidate any past Miss Teen USA titleholders. Miss Universe, Inc. itself did not receive a U.S. trademark registration for "Miss Teen USA" until the next decade, in 1991 (see next section). The final winner of the Miss Teen USA title before the Miss Universe Organization began its own version of the pageant was the 1982 Miss Teen USA title won by Hugrun Ragnarsson.

1983 to present

A revised Miss Teen USA pageant, once again designed for television, was added to the Miss Universe system of pageants in 1983 by Miss Universe, Inc. which at the time was run by Harold Glasser, and was first broadcast live under that corporate ownership on the CBS television network on August 30, 1983.[5][57]

Miss Universe, Inc., a California Corporation, filed a U.S. Trademark application for the service marks "Miss Teen USA" and "Miss Teen — U.S.A." on November 14, 1983, and, after eight years of proceedings and challenges by other pageants, was finally approved and registered on October 8, 1991.[59][60][61]

In 2015, the then owners of record, Miss Universe L.P., assigned all trademark rights to the names "Miss Teen USA," "Miss USA," "Miss Universe," and others, to IMG Universe, LLC.[62] The company IMG Universe, LLC, a subsidiary of IMG, manages the latter's pageant-related intellectual property and licensing agreements. IMG's parent company is Endeavor. The parent company of the Miss Universe Organization is also Endeavor.

In the summer of 2020, the Miss Universe organization and IMG Universe, LLC licensed future annual operation of the Miss Teen USA and Miss USA pageants to Crystle Stewart, who was Miss USA 2008.[2] The first competitions of the licensed pageants under her directorship are the 2021 productions.

Pageant editions

The following is a list of Miss Teen USA pageant editions and information during the era when it was run by or associated with the Miss Universe Organization, including to the present day.

Year Date Edition Venue Entrants
1983 August 30 1st Lakeland Civic Center, Lakeland, Florida 51
1984 April 3 2nd Memphis Cook Convention Center, Memphis, Tennessee 51
1985 January 22 3rd James L. Knight Center, Miami, Florida 51
1986 January 21 4th Ocean Center, Daytona Beach, Florida 51
1987 July 21 5th El Paso Civic Center, El Paso, Texas 51
1988 July 25 6th Orange Pavilion, San Bernardino, California 51
1989 July 25 7th Orange Pavilion, San Bernardino, California 51
1990 July 16 8th Mississippi Coast Coliseum, Biloxi, Mississippi 51
1991 August 19 9th 51
1992 August 25 10th 50
1993 August 10 11th 51
1994 August 16 12th 51
1995 August 15 13th Century II Convention Center, Wichita, Kansas 51
1996 August 21 14th Pan American Center, Las Cruces, New Mexico 51
1997 August 20 15th South Padre Island Convention Centre, South Padre Island, Texas 51
1998 August 17 16th Hirsch Memorial Coliseum, Shreveport, Louisiana 51
1999 August 24 17th 51
2000 August 26 18th 51
2001 August 22 19th South Padre Island Convention Centre, South Padre Island, Texas 51
2002 August 28 20th 51
2003 August 12 21st Palm Springs Convention Center, Palm Springs, California 51
2004 August 6 22nd 51
2005 August 8 23rd Baton Rouge River Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 51
2006 August 15 24th Palm Springs Convention Center, Palm Springs, California 51
2007 August 24 25th Pasadena Civic Auditorium, Pasadena, California 51
2008 August 16 26th Grand Ballroom, Atlantis Paradise Island, Nassau, The Bahamas 51
2009 July 31 27th Imperial Ballroom, Atlantis Paradise Island, Nassau, The Bahamas 51
2010 July 24 28th 51
2011 July 16 29th Grand Ballroom, Atlantis Paradise Island, Nassau, The Bahamas 51
2012 July 28 30th 51
2013 August 10 31st 51
2014 August 2 32nd 51
2015 August 22 33rd 51
2016 July 30 34th Venetian Theatre, The Venetian Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 51
2017 July 29 35th Phoenix Symphony Hall, Phoenix, Arizona 51
2018 May 18 36th Hirsch Memorial Coliseum, Shreveport, Louisiana 51
2019 April 28 37th Grand Sierra Resort's Grand Theatre, Reno, Nevada 51
2020 November 7 38th Graceland, Memphis, Tennessee 51
2021 November 27 39th Paradise Cove Theater, River Spirit Casino Resort, Tulsa, Oklahoma 51

Competition rounds

Prior to the final telecast the delegates compete in the preliminary competition, which involves private interviews with the judges and a presentation show where they compete in swimsuit and evening gown.

During the final competition, the semi-finalists are announced and go on to compete in swimsuit and evening gown. From 1983 to 2002 all semi-finalists also competed in an interview competition as well as both swimsuit and evening gown, followed by one or two final interview questions. In 2003, a new format was introduced where the top fifteen competed in evening gown, the top ten competed in swimsuit and the top five competed in the final question. In 2006, the order of competition was changed where the top fifteen competed in swimsuit and the top ten in evening gown. The latest competition format was used since 2008 the final not broadcast on TV, where the top fifteen both competed in swimsuit and evening gown, and the top five competed in the final question who all signed up by a panel of judges.

Former Miss Teen USA Katherine Haik supported calls to eliminate the swimsuit competition.[63] The swimsuit category was chastised for exploiting and sexualizing young women and not promoting diverse body types. The new active-wear portion will increase the focus on wellness and health of young ladies.[63]

Recent titleholders

Year State Name Venue
2021  Florida Breanna Myles Tulsa, Oklahoma
2020  Hawaii Kiʻilani Arruda Memphis, Tennessee
2019  Connecticut Kaliegh Garris Reno, Nevada
2018  Kansas Hailey Colborn Shreveport, Louisiana
2017  Missouri Sophia Dominguez-Heithoff Phoenix, Arizona

Delegates

Broadcasting of the pageant

1983–2007: Viewership and later decline

The pageant's viewership peak was hit in 1988, when the pageant averaged over 22 million viewers on CBS. Even as recently as 1999, the show managed to bring in over 10 million viewers. The 2006 airing was the second lowest rated in the pageant's 23-year history, with only 5.6 million viewers watching the live broadcast (the lowest: 2004, with 5.34 million).[65] The 2007 telecast (25th Anniversary, scheduled for August 24, 2007) was the last time Miss Teen USA aired live on television.

2008–present: internet pageant

The 2008 pageant was held, untelevised, on August 16, 2008. One factor that prevented NBC from broadcasting was its prime time commitment to the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Since then, it is broadcast over the Internet on the Miss Teen USA website. It can be viewed worldwide, without any region restrictions via geolocation. Currently, it is hosted by YouTube (Ustream from 2008 to 2013). In addition, the webcast can be accessed on the pageant's Facebook page and on mobile devices using the official Miss Universe mobile app released during Miss USA 2016.[citation needed]

In 2012, the pageant began to simulcast in selected regions on Microsoft's Xbox Live service, allowing owners of the Xbox 360 (until 2017) and/or Xbox One consoles to watch the pageant on a television screen. In 2017, the pageant was also broadcast on Sony's PlayStation Network service.[citation needed]

The 2017 pageant was the first to include both a 360-video option for virtual reality headsets and HDR10 support for Xbox One S owners. The 2018 pageant featured support for Dolby Atmos audio and 4K video on the Xbox One S and X consoles.[citation needed]

Crossovers with Miss USA

Miss Teen USA 1985 Kelly Hu, seen here on April 17, 2002, became a model and actress.

Miss Teen USA at Miss USA

In the early years of Miss Teen USA, three winners represented the title "Miss Teen USA" at Miss USA. The three queens were: Ruth Zakarian (1983), Cherise Haugen (1984), and Allison Brown (1986). This also made history because the Miss USA 1984 pageant had 53 delegates, the most ever in a Miss USA pageant. In 1987, Miss Teen USA 1986, Allison Brown participated in the 1987 Miss USA pageant. All three failed to make the cut at their respective Miss USA pageants.[citation needed]

Only in the three years mentioned above did Miss Teen USA winners automatically gain representation at Miss USA. Starting in 1988, if the Miss Teen USA winners want to compete at Miss USA, they first must win a Miss USA state crown. A total of seven Miss Teen USA winners have participated at Miss USA, with four winning their state Miss USA crowns first. The first of these was Kelly Hu, Miss Teen USA 1985, who won the Miss Hawaii USA 1993 title and represented Hawaii at Miss USA 1993. She finished as a finalist. The next was Jamie Solinger, Miss Teen USA 1992. She took the Miss Iowa USA 1998 title but failed to make the cut at the Miss USA pageant. Only two Miss Teen USA winners have made the top 3 of Miss USA. Brandi Sherwood, Miss Teen USA 1989 won the Miss Idaho USA 1997 title. Succeeding Kelly, she took 1st runner up and later inherited the Miss USA crown, when Brook Mahealani Lee of Hawaii won Miss Universe 1997. She is the only Miss Teen USA winner to hold the title Miss USA. Shauna Gambill was close in winning the Miss USA 1998 title, but placed 1st runner up to Shawnae Jebbia, Miss Massachusetts USA 1998. However, to date it has never happened that the same woman had won the 2 separate pageants officially.[citation needed]

There have been two years when two Miss Teen USA winners participated at Miss USA. The first was 1984, when Miss Teen USA 1983 and Miss Teen USA 1984 participated, the second was 1998, when Jamie Solinger competed as Miss Iowa USA but went unplaced, and Shauna Gambill competed as Miss California USA and placed first runner-up.[citation needed]

The first Miss Teen USA not to win a Miss USA state pageant on her first attempt was Christie Lee Woods, Miss Teen USA 1996, of Texas, who placed third runner-up in the Miss Texas USA 2002 pageant. She would also become the first Miss Teen USA to compete for, but never win a Miss USA state title (she also placed as a semi-finalist in 2003 and 2004). The second Miss Teen USA who did not win a Miss USA state title on her first attempt was Ashley Coleman, Miss Teen USA 1999, of Delaware, who competed in the Miss California USA 2006 pageant and finished third runner-up. She is the first Miss Teen USA winner to compete in a different state from that where she won her Miss Teen USA crown. Tami Farrell, Miss Teen USA 2003, competed at Miss California USA 2009 as Miss Malibu USA, but failed to win the crown, placing first runner-up to Carrie Prejean. Farrell competed at Miss Teen USA as Miss Oregon Teen USA, and was one of the few Miss Teen USA winners to try for the state crown outside of the state she represented for Miss Teen USA. In a span of only two years later, Miss Teen USA 2006, Katie Blair also competed at Miss California USA 2011. Representing the state of Montana at Miss Teen USA 2006, Blair is only the third Miss Teen USA to compete in a state other than the state she competed in Teen. Similarly to Coleman and Farrell, Blair placed 1st runner up in the pageant, to Alyssa Campanella, who also competed in Miss Teen USA representing New Jersey. Campanella went on to win Miss USA 2011. Danielle Doty, Miss Teen USA 2011, competed at Miss Texas USA 2018, who placed in the semifinals.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Brantley-Jones, Kiara (December 30, 2020). "New leadership for Miss USA and Miss Teen USA announced". Good Morning America.
  2. ^ a b "Exclusive: Crystle Stewart takes on new leadership role for Miss USA, Miss Teen USA". goodmorningamerica.com. New York City, New York: Good Morning America. December 30, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2021. The Miss Universe Organization is announcing that it is licensing both pageants to the former titleholder, actress and entrepreneur. ... Stewart is the first Black woman and person to ever hold the licensing rights to Miss USA and Miss Teen USA.
  3. ^ a b c "Michigan Teen Wins Honors". newspapers.com. Battle Creek, Michigan: The Battle Creek Enquirer. June 6, 1959. p. 10 (12). Retrieved February 26, 2021. Carol Spewock ... is one of four princesses in 'Teen magazine's 'Miss Teen U.S.A.' contest. The princesses are runner up to Peggy Collins, 17, of Lake Charles, La. [Louisiana], who won the title of 'Miss Teen' and an all-expense paid week in Hollywood plus other prizes. Judges were actors Paul Newman and Robert Wagner, actresses Shirley MacLaine and Janet Leigh, producer Jerry Wald, and fashion designer Edith Head. More than 8,000 teenage girls entered the six-month contest. (subscription required)
  4. ^ a b "Kathe Mullen A 'Miss Teen U.S.A.' Finalist". newspapers.com. Atlanta, Georgia: The Atlanta Constitution. June 13, 1959. p. 15. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Atlanta's Kathe Mullen, a pretty 16-year-old brunette, is one of 24 finalists selected from thousands of contestants throughout the nation for the title of 'Miss Teen U.S.A.,' which was won by Peggy Collins of Lake Charles, La. [Louisiana].
  5. ^ a b "Miss America, Miss Universe are not related". newspapers.com. Detroit, Michigan: Detroit Free Press. September 17, 1983. p. 24. Retrieved February 26, 2021. This year, Harold Glasser, who runs Miss Universe Inc., added a new pageant, 'Miss Teen USA,' seen on CBS Aug. 30.
  6. ^ Hall, Sarah (March 29, 2007). "Trump and Miss Universe Stay in Bed with NBC". Retrieved March 29, 2007.
  7. ^ "Kansas' Hailey Colborn Crowned Miss Teen USA 2018". PR Newswire. May 21, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
  8. ^ "Breanna Myles coronada Miss Teen USA 2021" [Breanna Myles crowned Miss Teen USA 2021]. bellezaadolescente.com. Belleza Adolescente. November 27, 2021. Retrieved February 5, 2022. Breanna is the first Floridian to win the Miss Teen USA title and the first person of African and Latino descent to represent Florida in the Miss Teen USA competition. (original in Spanish)
  9. ^ List of Miss Teen USA titleholders (This list may be incomplete)
  10. ^ a b "Gala Event Visited by 300,000 Teens". Daily News-Post. Monrovia, California. April 20, 1963. p. 7. Retrieved February 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com. As part of the activities, the 'Miss Teen USA' pageant was held with finalists from all over the country who represented their respective areas.
  11. ^ a b "Scottsdale Girl Places In Contest". Tucson Daily Citizen. Tucson, Arizona. UPI. April 1, 1964. p. 22. Retrieved February 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com. HOLLYWOOD, Calif. (UPI) — Miss Terrye Lynn Armstrong, Scottsdale, Ariz., has been named second runner-up in the 'Miss Teen U.S.A.' contest.
  12. ^ a b Sánchez, Luis A. (June 16, 2011). "To Catch a Wave: The Beach Boys and Rock Historiography" (PDF). The University of Edinburgh. PhD Music Research; I hereby declare that this thesis, submitted in candidature for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, and the research contained herein is of my own composition, except where explicitly stated in the text, and was not previously submitted for any other degree or professional qualification at this or any other university. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ "Miss Teen USA". Ames Daily Tribune. April 23, 1962. p. 10. Retrieved February 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com. SANTA MONICA, Calif. (UPI) — A pert 15-year-old brunette from Sioux Falls, S.D., was named 'Miss Teen USA' Saturday night at the teen-age fair at Pacific Ocean Park. Linda Henning won the title in competition with 32 other girls from across the nation at the climax of the week-long teen activities at the seaside amusement park.
  14. ^ "Gianna Greets Miss Teen". gettyimages.com. Denver, Colorado: The Denver Post via Getty Images. March 6, 1963. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Gianna Costo, 3, Denver's Easter Seal Child, was on hand to welcome Miss Teen, U.S.A. ... Miss Teen is Linda Henning, 16, of Sioux Falls, S.D. She is in Denver for the kickoff luncheon of the Denver area Easter Seal campaign at the Hilton Hotel Friday.
  15. ^ "Miss Teen". newspapers.com. Ottawa, Kansas: The Ottawa Herald. April 23, 1962. p. 4. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Linda Henning (center), 15, Sioux Falls, S D. [South Dakota], is crowned Miss Teen USA at Pacific Ocean Park in Santa Monica, Calif., by television comedian Soupy Sales.
  16. ^ "Ohio Girl Is Crowned As 'Miss Teen U.S.A.'". newspapers.com. Logan, Ohio: The Logan Daily News. April 15, 1963. p. 4. Archived from the original on March 30, 2021. Retrieved February 26, 2021. BURBANK, Calif. (AP) — A pretty Ohio teenager is reigning happily as 'Miss Teen U.S.A.' today. Judy Adams, 16, broke into tears Saturday night when she was announced as the winner ... Her prizes include a new car, a part in a Hollywood movie, a $1,000 wardrobe, A Canadian vacation and a year's supply of beauty kits and cosmetics.
  17. ^ "1963 Second Annual TEEN-AGE FAIR PROGRAM Burbank, Ca ROCKET BELT DEMO | #307588939". Worthpoint. Archived from the original on December 2, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  18. ^ "Pickwick Gardens (Pickwick Recreation Center, formerly, Gay's Pickwick Swim Park)". Burbank, California. Archived from the original on March 5, 2002. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  19. ^ Rudolph, Joyce (September 22, 2004). "Pickwick owners seek help with history". Burbank Leader. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  20. ^ "Teenager's Fair Opening at Pickwick Easter". archive.org. Whittier, California: Titan Tribune. February 1, 1963. p. 2 (36 pdf). Retrieved February 26, 2021. The Fair will be held April 5–14 at the 15-acre Pickwick Recreation Center in Burbank, one of the San Fernando Valley's top youth entertainment headquarters. The 1963 edition of the Teen-Age Fair will have many highlights. ... The national "Miss Teen U.S.A." Pageant will garner plenty of attention. Girls between the ages of 14 and 18 representing all 50 states, will compete in the four-day competition for the coveted title and the role in a motion picture, a 1963 wardrobe and a two-week all-expense-paid vacation for two will go with it.
  21. ^ Clark, Wes. "Burbankers Remember". WesClark.com. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  22. ^ Teenager, Bonnie Seif, poses with surfboard to promote the annual Teen-Age Fair being held at the Pickwick Recreation Center located at 1001 Riverside Drive in Burbank. Photograph dated April 4, 1963.
  23. ^ Murphy, Jim (August 25, 2020). "The Beach Boys' Personal Appearances, 1961-1963". Becoming the Beach Boys - a reader's companion to the book. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2021. April 5, 1963 Friday; Second Annual Teen-Age Fair; Pickwick Recreation Center; 921-1001 Riverside Drive, Burbank, CA, 5:30 p.m.
  24. ^ "Teen-Age Fair". TESSA. Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  25. ^ Goldwater, Jeff (1963). "Teens cook at 'World's Fair". Calisphere. Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  26. ^ McCarter, David Frank (May 2012). "A Spatial Analysis of Surf Music: 1961-1966" (PDF). California State University, Northridge. Retrieved December 2, 2021. A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements For the degree of Master of Arts in Geography, GIS Program {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  27. ^ Murphy, James B. (June 8, 2015). Becoming the Beach Boys, 1961-1963. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-1853-1.
  28. ^ https://tessa.lapl.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/photos/id/55499
  29. ^ a b "Miss Teen U.S.A. Named". newspapers.com. Van Nuys, California: Valley News. April 25, 1965. p. 51. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: New Miss Teen U.S.A Susan Henning [1965], right, shows her trophy to last year's queen Nancy Spry [1964] of Van Nuys. Singer Bobby Darin crowned Long Beach State freshman. Some 35 teenagers beauties competed for title. Ceremonies were held at Moulin Rouge. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "TV Highlights". newspapers.com. San Bernardino, California: The San Bernardino County Sun. March 21, 1964. p. 32 (C-8). Retrieved February 26, 2021. 9:30 P.M. (30 min.) The Miss Teen U.S.A. Pageant reaches the introduction of candidates for the title. Guests include Sebastian Cabot, with Bob Eubanks as host. [The show aired in parts over a number of days.]
  31. ^ "Proclaims Teen Days :: Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection".
  32. ^ "Teens cook :: Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection".
  33. ^ "1965 Teen-Age Fair Magazine and Program, hollywood palladium beatles beatlemania". eBay. Archived from the original on December 2, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2021. This is a program for the 1965 Teen-Age Fair at the Hollywood Palladium. The Beatles did not perform there, but they are on the cover and there are multiple articles featuring them. It features articles on everything teen culture in 1965.
  34. ^ "Miss Teen USA". newspapers.com. Detroit, Michigan: Detroit Free Press. April 18, 1965. p. 6. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Miss Teen USA was crowned in Los Angeles by singer Bobby Darin. She's Susan Henning, 18, a student at Long Beach, (Calif.) State College.
  35. ^ "Bert's Eye View". newspapers.com. Long Beach, California: Independent Press-Telegram. April 3, 1966. p. 209. Retrieved February 26, 2021. REIGNING Miss Teen, U.S.A., 19-year-old Susan Patricia Henning of Palos Verdes, has convinced herself of the wisdom of one cliche. That cliche: 'There's no business like show business.' As far as Susan is concerned, show business is no business for her. It is not a feeling that originates with the queenly duties required of a Miss Teen. Those duties are fun. They'll include major participation this week in the Miss Teen telecasts at 5 p.m.
  36. ^ Photograph caption dated April 17, 1965 reads, "Judy Castrucci, 16, Miss North Hollywood, JoAnne Wade, 18, Miss Encino, Joyce Babcock, 18, Miss Woodland Hills, and Karen Halber, 17, Miss Reseda, make a tour of the Teen Fair at the Hollywood Palladium. The fair ends tomorrow."
  37. ^ a b "Teen Fair". newspapers.com. Long Beach, California: Independent Press-Telegram. March 19, 1967. p. 85. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Miss Teen International Trio. Sally Field and Noel Harrison, hosts, with Cindy Lewis, 1966 Miss Teen U.S.A.
  38. ^ "Thursday's TV Programs — Miss Teen USA Finals". newspapers.com. Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times. March 23, 1967. p. 71 (IV 7). Retrieved February 26, 2021. 9:00 pm (60 min.) Special. Color. Sam Riddle hosts from Hollywood Palladium [listing and display ad]. (subscription required)
  39. ^ a b "Michigan Girl Is Miss Teen U.S.A." newspapers.com. Fremont, Ohio: The News Messenger. April 11, 1968. p. 8. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Pamela Martin, 18, clutches her trophy as she accepts congratulations from other competitors in Hollywood after being named Miss Teen U.S.A. during the Teen Age Fair. Miss Martin is a junior at Seaholm high school in Birmingham, Mich. She competed against nine others for the U.S.A. title and on Saturday will be competing against 11 girls from foreign countries for the title of Miss Teen International.
  40. ^ "'Miss Teen' finalists, San Fernando Valley". digital-collections.csun.edu. San Fernando Valley, California: Press Release photo. 1969. Retrieved February 26, 2021. (photo and description) ...are among the finalists in the 'Miss Teen Western United States' competition to be held in the Hollywood Palladium at Teen-Age Fair/Pop Expo '69, March 28–April 6. Final Eliminations take place at Expo on March 29 and April 2, with the winner becoming eligible for the 'Miss Teen U.S.A.' competition at the Palladium on April 3.
  41. ^ "Yields Throne". newspapers.com. Atlanta, Georgia: The Atlanta Constitution. April 4, 1966. p. 51. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Mia Farrow, left, and Barbara Parkins, right, of Peyton Place, will help Susan Henning, 1965 titleholder of the Miss Teen USA title, pass her crown to another youngster Wednesday in the Miss Teen International Pageant at 10 p.m. on Channel 11.
  42. ^ "TV Highlights" (PDF). rbr.mtpl.org/rbr. Red Bank, New Jersey: The Daily Register. April 6, 1966. p. 24. Retrieved February 26, 2021. 10–11 [p.m.] ([channel] 7) - Special. 'The Miss Teen International Pageant.' Another in the endless round of beauty parades. This time, high school girls representing twelve countries compete with Miss Teen U.S.A. for a new title, in Hollywood. The girls are introduced by emcee Adam 'Batman' West, and such presenters as Robert Goulet, Vic Morrow, John Astin, 'Peyton Place' youngsters, and Sonny and Cher. (Color).
  43. ^ "Miss Teen Indiana". newspapers.com. Franklin, Indiana: The Daily Journal. September 2, 1978. p. 7. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Photo caption: Cyndi Workman, 15, Brazil [Indiana], left, was crowned Miss Teen Indiana recently and will compete in the Miss Teen USA pageant in Miami, Fla., during the Thanksgiving holiday period.
  44. ^ White, Jane See (August 27, 1979). "There is big money in beauty queens" (PDF). rbr.mtpl.org/rbr. Shrewsbury, New Jersey: The Daily Register. p. 5. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Miss Teen USA New Jersey ... That pageant's director was Glorida Wooding, a sturdy middle-aged blonde who is a shareholder in Miss Teen USA. The corporation was formed this year as an offshoot of Miss United Teenager, which was a spinoff of Miss National Teen-ager, she said. (part one of a three-part Associated Press series)
  45. ^ a b c White, Jane See (August 28, 1979). "Hustling a buck is behind beauty pageant glitter" (PDF). rbr.mtpl.org/rbr. Shrewsbury, New Jersey: The Daily Register. p. 22. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Mrs. Wooding also invited the girls to sell program ads. It's not required, she wrote them, but girls selling eight pages win a free trip to the Hawaii pageant and those selling seven pages get a trip to the Alaska contest. ... Mrs. Wooding, a shareholder in the Miss Teen USA Corp., would only say she makes a 'decent living' from the pageant. ... There are no strings attached to Miss Teen USA's 'scholarships' — $500 for state winners and $15,000 for the national queen, said Mrs. Wooding. (part two of a three-part Associated Press series)
  46. ^ "Burlington official checks out 3 pageants". newspapers.com. Camden, New Jersey: Courier-Post. March 28, 1979. p. 28. Retrieved February 26, 2021. MOUNT HOLLY — The Burlington County Consumer Affairs Office is compiling data on three beauty pageants — Miss Teen U.S.A., Miss U.S. Teen-age and Miss National Teen-age — following inquiries from county residents about their legitimacy. ... The Miss Teen U.S.A. pageant, however, is registered in both New Jersey and Virginia ... Its New Jersey [state] pageant will be held in August at the Hyatt House.
  47. ^ White, Jane See (August 29, 1979). "Beauty pageants: Often a road to broken dreams" (PDF). rbr.mtpl.org/rbr. Shrewsbury, New Jersey: The Daily Register. p. 14. Retrieved February 26, 2021. After the Tennessee contest, Mrs. White and Donna — who wants to compete for the Miss America crown — tagged along to the North Carolina, West Virginia, and New Jersey Miss Teen USA pageants. (part three of a three-part Associated Press series)
  48. ^ "Arriba girl selected for Teen USA Pageant". ecp.stparchive.com. Hugo, Colorado: Eastern Colorado Plainsman. April 17, 1980. p. 1. Retrieved February 26, 2021. This pageant is the official statewide finals for the Miss Teen USA Pageant, to be held in November of 1980. Susan McDannold of St. Albans, W.V. [West Virginia], is the current Miss Teen USA, and was crowned on Dec. 1, 1979 in Albuquerque, N.M.
  49. ^ a b "Miss Teen Candidates Arrive". abqjournal.newspapers.com. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Albuquerque Journal. December 1, 1981. p. 21. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Susan McDannold, 19, of Tulsa, spent the whole day at Albuquerque International Airport, but she wasn't coming or going anywhere. Instead, she was welcoming the 50 contestants who are in town this week to compete for the title of Miss Teen [USA]. ... Miss McDannold, who won in 1979 [1980 title] and regained the crown last year [1981 title] when the winner, Tammy Jo Hopkins of Nebraska, couldn't make the required personal appearances due to a New York modeling contract, said the winners' trophies are five feet high now.
  50. ^ "Top Teen Named". abqjournal.newspapers.com. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Albuquerque Journal. November 24, 1980. p. 16 (B6). Retrieved February 26, 2021. Tammy Jo Hopkins of Omaha, Neb., is the 1981 Miss Teen [USA]. The 17-year-old was crowned Saturday night in the Kiva Auditorium at the Convention Center. (another view of clipping)
  51. ^ Shield '81. Omaha, Nebraska: Westside High School. 1981. p. 79. (Yearbook full page article with three pageant photos of Hopkins wearing her "Miss Nebraska Teen" sash and crown. Quote: As Miss Nebraska Teen, Tammy Hopkins finds herself faced with a 'full-time' job. ... As Nebraska's representative, she participated in the national pageant held in New Mexico. Participated is quite an understatement considering that on November 22, she was our own Miss Teen U.S.A.")
  52. ^ "Kentuckian chosen runner-up". newspapers.com. Owensboro, Kentucky: Messenger Inquirer. November 26, 1980. p. 19 (3C). Retrieved February 18, 2021. Suellen Elliot, 18, Miss Kentucky Teen, was third runner-up in this year's TEEN U.S.A. pageant. ... Tammy Jo Hopkins of Omaha, Miss Nebraska Teen, won the contest, held last Saturday in Albuquerque, N.M. (subscription required)
  53. ^ "Talk with a teen". Austin American-Statesman. April 2, 1980. p. 29. Archived from the original on March 30, 2021. Retrieved February 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com. The winner will represent Texas in the November Miss Teen U.S.A. contest in Albuquerque, N.M. [New Mexico].
  54. ^ a b "Model Tammy Hopkins 1981 to 1988". modelscomposites.com. The Model Archives of Marlowe Press. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  55. ^ "Miss Teen's Nix on Beauty Pageants". newspapers.com. New York City, New York: Daily News. August 4, 1982. p. 9. Retrieved February 26, 2021. 'Winning the title has been very good for me, but I don't think I would ever want to be in another beauty pageant again. A lot of girls take it very hard when they lose and I don't want to take it that personal. ...' So, girls, take heed to Hugrun Ragnarsson, 18, who rounds out a full year as Miss Teen U.S.A. in November.
  56. ^ "Trademark Notices — Trademark Suits". books.google.com. Washington, D.C.: Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office, Volume 1001, Issue 3. December 16, 1980. p. 92. Retrieved February 26, 2021. (MISS U.S.A.), Miss Universe, Inc. ... filed July 18, 1979, D.C., N.D. Ga (Atlanta), Doc. c-79-1313A. Miss Universe, Inc. v. Miss Teen USA Inc.
  57. ^ a b "Miss Universe, Inc. v. Pitts, 714 F. Supp. 209 (W.D. La. 1989)". law.justia.com. Justia. April 14, 1989. Retrieved February 26, 2021. MISS UNIVERSE expanded its pageant operations in 1983 to include a MISS TEEN USA pageant. ... The court is also aware of the litigious nature of plaintiff in defending and protecting its trademarks. Thus, plaintiff has obtained injunctions against the users of names similar to its marks such as: (a) Miss Teen U.S.A. in Miss Universe, Inc. v. Miss Teen Universe, Inc., [sic; correctly stated as Miss Teen U.S.A., Inc. in numerous places elsewhere in the document], 209 U.S.P.Q. 698 (N.D.Ga.1980).
  58. ^ "The Trademark Reporter". archive.org. New York City, New York: International Trademark Association. 1981. p. 13. Retrieved February 26, 2021. Confusing similarity found. ... Miss U.S.A., Miss United States of America, and Miss U.S.A. Beauty Pageant [trademarks] v. Miss Teen U.S.A. [trade name] all for beauty pageants, Miss Universe, Inc. v. Miss Teen U.S.A., Inc., 209 USPQ 698, ND Ga, Atlanta Div, 3/25/80 [March 25, 1980]
  59. ^ "U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - Trademark Status". uspto.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  60. ^ "U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - 'Miss Teen USA'". uspto.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2021. (registration certificate, Oct 8, 1991)
  61. ^ "U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - 'Miss Teen — U.S.A.'". uspto.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2021. (registration certificate, Oct 8, 1991)
  62. ^ "U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - Trademark Assignment" (PDF). assignments.uspto.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2021. (Miss Universe, LLP to IMG Universe, LLC)
  63. ^ a b French, Megan (June 29, 2016). "Miss Teen USA wants to eliminate swimsuit competition". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  64. ^ "Victoria's Secret: What A Difference 30 Years Makes". flashbak.com. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  65. ^ "Crowning tears: Miss Teen USA skids". Media Life Magazine. August 16, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2015.