Logo of the Miss World Pageant.
|Motto||Beauty with a Purpose|
The Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. Since his death in 2000, Morley's widow, Julia Morley, has co-chaired the pageant. Alongside its traditional rival, the Miss Universe contest, Miss World pageant is one of the two most recognized and publicised beauty contests in the world, and also boasts the largest number of participating countries.
- 1 History
- 2 Miss World Organization
- 3 The pageant
- 4 Recent titleholders
- 5 Continental queens of beauty
- 6 Pageant controversies
- 7 Double/Triple Win in a Decade
- 8 Most Successful Miss World
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In 1951, Eric Morley organised a bikini contest as part of the Festival of Britain celebrations which he called the Festival Bikini Contest. The event was popular with the press, and was dubbed "Miss World" by the media. The swimsuit competition was intended as a promotion for the bikini. which had only recently been introduced onto the market, and which was still widely regarded as immodest. When the 1951 Miss World pageant winner, Kerstin "Kiki" Hakansson from Sweden, was crowned in a bikini, it added to the controversy.
The pageant was originally planned as a one-off event, but upon learning about the upcoming Miss Universe pageant, Morley decided to make the Miss World pageant an annual event. Morley registered the "Miss World" name as a trademark, and all future pageants were held under that name. However, because of the controversy arising from Håkansson's crowning in a bikini, countries with religious traditions threatened not to send delegates to future events, and the bikini was condemned by the Pope. Objection to the bikini led to its replacement in all future pageants with what was accepted as more modest swimwear, and bikinis were replaced by evening gowns for the crowning. Håkansson remains the only Miss World crowned in a bikini. In Miss World 2013 all participants wore a one-piece swimsuit plus a traditional sarong below the waist as a compromise with local culture.
In 1959, the BBC started broadcasting the pageant. The pageant's popularity grew with the advent of television. During the 1960s and 1970s, Miss World would be among the most watched programs of the year on British television. However, in 1970, the Miss World contest in London was disrupted by women's liberation protesters armed with flour bombs, stink bombs, and water pistols.
In the 1980s, the pageant repositioned itself with the slogan Beauty With a Purpose, with added tests of intelligence and personality. However, in the 1980s, the competition became seen as old-fashioned and politically incorrect in its native Britain, and despite its global appeal, stopped showing on British television until Channel 5 aired it from 1998-2000, then it shifted between lesser-known satellite channels, and is now webcast only and little-known in Britain.[original research?]
Eric Morley died in 2000, and his wife, Julia, succeeded as chairwoman of the Miss World Organization.
The first black African winner, Agbani Darego of Nigeria, was 2001. As part of its marketing strategy, Miss World came up with a "Vote For Me" television special during that edition, featuring the delegates behind the scenes and on the beach, and allowing viewers to either phone in or vote online for their favourites. It also sells its Talent, Beach Beauty and Sports events as television specials to broadcasters.
In 2002 the pageant was slated for choosing Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria to host its final. This choice was controversial, as a northern Nigerian woman, Amina Lawal, was awaiting death by stoning for adultery under Sharia law there, but Miss World chose to use the publicity surrounding its presence to bring greater global awareness and action to Amina's plight (see Controversies section).
In 2014, the organization eliminated the swimsuit competition from the pageant.
Miss World Organization
The Miss World Organisation owns and manages the annual Miss World Finals, a competition that has grown into one of the world’s biggest. Since its launch in 1951, the Miss World Organization has raised more than £250 million for children’s charities. Miss World is franchised in more than 100 countries. Miss World, Limited is a privately held firm, and thus figures for its earnings, expenses and charitable contributions are not publicly available.
Miss World becomes popular among the viewing public, which warrants the continuity of the pageant not only as a pageant itself but more importantly, an institution for humanitarian causes. Aside from raising millions of pounds for charities around the globe under the banner of its "Beauty with a Purpose" program, Miss World is also credited with directly influencing a dramatic increase in tourism in Sanya, China, host city of the Miss World finals in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010.
In the year preceding the global finals, each delegate must win her national title or a specially designated Miss World national preliminary. Miss World's national preliminaries are conducted by their licence-holders, who hold the franchise to use the "Miss World" name in their country. The annual final is typically a month-long event, with several preliminary galas, dinners, balls and activities, culminating in a globally telecast final show in which the field is narrowed to between 15–20 delegates.
Dances of the World
Dances of the World is Miss World's most popular segment since its launch on 2009. It doesn't award a prize, it only show the contestants's cultures and traditions displayed through dance and music.
By number of performances
|India||3||2010, 2012, 2014|
|Latvia||2009, 2011, 2012|
|Mexico||2009, 2011, 2012|
|China PR||2||2011, 2013|
|Sierra Leone||2009, 2011|
|US Virgin Islands||2013|
- Venezuela has won the Miss Photogenic award four times (1984, 1990, 1995, 1996).
- Two Miss World winner were awarded Miss World Continental Groups Northern Europe by SMS voting : Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir (Iceland 2005), Taťána Kuchařová (Czech Republic 2006).
Challenge Events (Formerly known as Fast track awards)
Since 2003 Miss World pageant also features Fast Track events during the preliminary round. The winners of Fast Track events are automatically qualified to enter the final round.
Since 2011 winners of the challenge events are no longer automatically qualified to the final round. Instead, winners and finalists of these events will be awarded bonus points to their preliminary scores. Delegates with the highest points (bonus of challenge events included) are qualified to the final round.
Challenge (Fast Track) events which have been used since 2003 are:
- Miss World Beach Beauty (2003–2014)
- Miss World Talent (2003–present)
- Miss World Sports (2003–2004, 2006–present)
- Beauty with a Purpose (2005–present)
- Miss World Top Model (2004, 2007–present)
- Multimedia Award (2012–present)
- Miss World People's Choice (2003, 2004, 2008, 2013–present)
- Personality (2003)
- Contestant's Choice (2004)
- 1954: Antigone Costanda is the first African and the first from a Muslim-dominated country to win Miss World Title.
- 1955: Susana Duijm is the first Latin-American and the first from Americas to win Miss World Title.
- 1963: Carole Joan Crawford is the first from the Caribbean to win Miss World Title
- 1966: Reita Faria is the first Asian to win Miss World Title.
- 1989: Aneta Kreglicka is the first Eastern European to win Miss World Title
- 2001: Agbani Darego is the first Black African to win Miss World Title.
- 2007: Zhang Zilin is the first Miss World from the Far East.
- 2013: Megan Young is the first Southeast Asian to win the title, and the second Miss World to present the show on her final day of reign after Gina Tolleson did in 1991. However, Young is the first and only Miss World to present the finals as a main presenter whereas Tolleson presented as a correspondent. This win also marked that the country won all Big Four international beauty pageants, first in Asia and third globally after Brazil and Venezuela, both from South America.
- Four Miss World Titlist were awarded Miss Photogenic:
- Two Miss World Titlist were awarded Miss World Beach Beauty:
- Three Miss World Titlist were awarded Miss World Top Model:
- One Miss World Titlist was awarded Spectacular Swimwear:
- One Miss World Titlist was awarded Best World Designer (Spectacular Evening Wear):
- One Miss World Titlist was awarded Miss World Talent:
- Longest Completed Reign
- Kerstin Håkansson reigns for 1 year, 3 months, 16 days or (1 year, 108 days). She was crowned on 29 July 1951 and crowned her successor on 14 November 1952.
- Megan Young reigns for 1 year, 2 months, 16 days or (1 year, 77 days). She was crowned 28 September 2013 and crowned her successor on 14 Dec. 2014.
- Taťána Kuchařová reigns for 1 year, 2 months, 2 days or (1 year, 62 days). She was crowned on 30 September 2006 and crowned her successor on 1 Dec. 2007.
- Shortest Completed Reign
- Shortest Reign: their first runner-ups were crowned later on
- The Longest Gap:
- Back-to-Back Win:
- Kerstin Håkansson crowned on 29 July 1951 ← → May-Louise Flodin crowned on 14 November 1952 (1 year, 108 days)
- Ann Sidney crowned on 12 November 1964 ← → Lesley Langley crowned on 19 November 1965 (1 year, 7 days)
- Yukta Mookhey crowned on 4 December 1999 ← → Priyanka Chopra crowned on 30 November 2000 (362 days)
- Oldest Winners
- Youngest Winners
- Wilnelia Merced, youngest winner at the age of 18 years 39 days when she was crowned on 20 November 1975. (age is verified)
- Lisa Hanna, second youngest winner at the age of 18 years 99 days when she was crowned on 27 November 1993.
- Antigone Costanda, born-circa 1935, crowned - 18 Oct. 1954 (she is 18 but exact birth date is unverified)
- Eva Rueber-Staier, born-circa 1952, crowned - 27 November 1969 (she is 18 but exact birth date is unverified)
- 1952: year with the least number of delegates with 11 to which the eventual winner was May Louise Flodin on 14 November.
- 2013: year with the most number of delegates with 127 to which the eventual winner was Megan Young on 28 September.
- Miss World remains the only one of the major international pageants with two winners resigned or dethroned: Miss World replaced Helen Morgan in 1974 and Gabriella Brum in 1980.
- Eight Miss World winners placed as runners-up or semi-finalists in the Miss Universe pageant:
- 1955: Susana Duijm, semi-finalist
- 1958: Corine Rottschäfer, semi-finalist
- 1961: Rosemarie Frankland, first runner-up
- 1966: Madeline Hartog-Bel, semi-finalist
- 1969: Eva Rueber-Staier, semi-finalist
- 1974: Helen Morgan, first runner-up (dethroned at Miss World 1974)
- 1979: Gina Swainson, first runner-up
- 2001: Agbani Darego, semi-finalist
- Four Miss World delegates were finalists/non-finalists in the pageant prior to their win at Miss Universe:
- Four Miss World delegates placed as finalists/semi-finalists in the pageant prior to their win at Miss International:
- Two Miss World winners placed as runners-up in the Miss International pageant:
- Delegates who didn't Place at Miss World / Miss Universe and later won the Miss International title:
For the full list of venues, see List of Miss World titleholders.
- 7 winners have been crowned Miss World on their home turf:
- 1961: Rosemarie Frankland was crowned in London, UK.
- 1964: Ann Sidney was crowned in London, UK.
- 1965: Lesley Langley was crowned in London, UK.
- 1974: Helen Morgan was crowned in London, UK. (dethroned)
- 1983: Sarah-Jane Hutt was crowned in London, UK.
- 2007: Zhang Zilin was crowned in Sanya, China.
- 2012: Yu Wenxia was crowned in Ordos City, China.
- 5 winners have crowned their successors on their home turf:
- 1961: Rosemarie Frankland crowned 1962: Catharina Lodders in London, UK.
- 1964: Ann Sidney crowned 1965: Lesley Langley in London, UK.
- 1965: Lesley Langley crowned 1966: Reita Faria in London, UK.
- 1983: Sarah-Jane Hutt crowned 1984: Astrid Carolina Herrera in London, UK.
- 1990: Gina Tolleson crowned 1991: Ninibeth Leal in Atlanta, USA.
- Outside United Kingdom, South Africa has hosted the most Miss World pageants, with seven. The various locations were:
- Apart from the United Kingdom and South Africa, the other states to host the pageant more than once are:
- For the full list of titleholders, see List of Miss World titleholders.
|Year||Country/Territory||Miss World||National Title||Location||Number of Entrants|
|2015||TBA||TBA||TBA||Sanya, China PR||130|
|2014||South Africa||Rolene Strauss||Miss South Africa||London, United Kingdom||121|
|2013||Philippines||Megan Young||Miss World Philippines||Bali, Indonesia||127|
|2012||China PR||Yu Wenxia||Miss China World||Ordos City, China PR||116|
|2011||Venezuela||Ivian Sarcos||Miss Venezuela||London, United Kingdom||113|
|2010||United States||Alexandria Mills||Miss World America||Sanya, China PR||115|
By number of wins
|Venezuela||6||1955, 1981, 1984, 1991, 1995, 2011|
|India||5||1966, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000|
|United Kingdom||4||1961, 1964, 1965, 1983|
|South Africa||3||1958, 1974, 2014|
|United States||1973, 1990, 2010|
|Iceland||1985, 1988, 2005|
|Jamaica||1963, 1976, 1993|
|Sweden||1951, 1952, 1977|
|China PR||2||2007, 2012|
|Trinidad & Tobago||1986|
Top 15 countries by tally
- For the full details, see Full Country Rankings for Miss World.
|Rank||Country/Territory||Miss World||1st Runner-Up||2nd Runner-Up||3rd Runner-Up||4th Runner-Up||5th Runner-Up||6th Runner-Up||Semifinalists / Quarterfinalists||Total|
Number of titles by continental region
|Europe||26||United Kingdom* (5), Iceland and Sweden (3), Austria, Germany*, Netherlands and Russia (2), Czech Republic, Finland, France, Gibraltar, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Turkey (1)|
|Americas||15||Venezuela (6), United States (3), Argentina and Peru (2), Bermuda and Brazil (1)|
|Asia||9||India (5), China (2) Israel and Philippines (1)|
|Oceania||3||Australia (2), Guam* (1)|
|Caribbean||7||Jamaica (3), Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Trinidad & Tobago (1)|
|Africa||5||South Africa* (3), Egypt and Nigeria (1)|
- NOTE - Helen Morgan (United Kingdom) and Gabriella Brum (Germany) resigned and were replaced by their respective 1st runners-up: Anneline Kriel of South Africa in 1974 and Kimberley Santos of Guam in 1980.
Continental queens of beauty
The following is a list of Continental Queens of Beauty winners since 2004.
Queens of beauty titles
These are the countries with the most Continental Queen of Beauty titles per continental group (region in bold) throughout the years:
|Country||Titles||Awarded As||Winning Years|
|Venezuela||12||Americas||1981, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2008, 2011|
|South Africa||12||Africa||1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2009, 2011, 2014|
|Jamaica||10||Caribbean||1990, 1991, 1993, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2012, 2013|
|Australia||7||Oceania||1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1988, 1989, 2013|
|1||Asia & Oceania||1991|
|India||7||Asia & Oceania||1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2008, 2014|
|China PR||6||Asia & Oceania||2001, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2012|
|Philippines||3||Asia & Oceania||1993, 2004, 2011|
|3||Asia||1982, 1986, 2013|
|Israel||3||Asia||1983, 1984, 1985|
|Korea||4||Asia & Oceania||1988, 1995, 2005, 2009|
|Thailand||2||Asia & Oceania||1989, 1992|
The Miss World pageant has been the target of many controversies since its inception.
- In 1970, feminist protesters threw flour bombs during the live event at London's Royal Albert Hall, momentarily alarming the host, Bob Hope.
- In 1973, the judges made their final rankings of the seven finalists by assessing each one's personality, stage presence and the ability to speak before an audience. The Majority Vote System determined the final rankings of the seven finalists. Odd numbers of judges were always used, to prevent ties from occurring. Chairman of the judges in 1973 was Peter Dimmock, Head of BBC Outside Broadcasts. The winner, Marjorie Wallace, was stripped of her title on 8 March 1974, because she had failed to fulfill the basic requirements of the job. The Miss World organizers did not elect someone to serve in her place.
- In 1976, several countries went on a boycott, because the pageant included both a Caucasian and African representative for South Africa. South Africa competed for the last time in 1977, before it was welcomed back in 1991 as Apartheid disintegrated.
- The 1980 winner Gabriella Brum of Germany resigned one day after winning, initially claiming her boyfriend disapproved. A few days later it emerged that she had been forced to resign after it was discovered that she posed naked for a magazine.
- In 1996, wide-scale protests took place in Bangalore, India, over the hosting of the beauty contest. The swimsuit shootings were moved to the Seychelles, and heavy security was placed. Despite the chaos, the pageant's live telecast went on smoothly.
The 2002 Nigeria contest
In the year leading up the finals in Nigeria, several European title holders lobbied their governments and the EU parliament to support Amina Lawal's cause. A number of contestants followed the lead of Kathrine Sørland of Norway in boycotting the contest (despite the controversy Sørland would go on to become a semifinalist in both the Miss World and Miss Universe contest), while others such as Costa Rica were instructed by their national governments and parliaments not to attend the contest. Among the other boycotting nations were Denmark, Spain, Switzerland, Panama, Belgium and Kenya. There was further controversy over the possibly suspended participation of France and South Africa, which may or may not have been due to the boycott. For her part, Lawal asked that contestants not suspend their participation in the contest, saying that it was for the good of her country and that they could, as the representative of Sweden had earlier remarked, make a much stronger case for her on the ground in Nigeria.
Despite the increasing international profile the boycott was garnering in the world press, the contest went ahead in Nigeria after being rescheduled to avoid taking place during Ramadan, with many prominent nations sending delegates. Osmel Sousa of Venezuela, one of the world's most influential national directors, famously said "there is no question about it (the participation of Miss Venezuela in the contest)." The trouble did not end there, however. A ThisDay (Lagos, Nigeria) newspaper editorial suggesting that Muhammad would probably have chosen one of his wives from among the contestants had he been alive to see it (this suggestion would have been considered an insult to most Moslems because contestants bared themselves in bathing suits which is considered immoral by conservative Muslim standards), resulted in inter-religious riots that started on 22 November in which over 200 people were killed in the city of Kaduna, along with many houses of worship being burned by religious zealots. Because of these riots, the 2002 pageant was moved to London, following widely circulated reports that the representatives of Canada and Korea had withdrawn from the contest and returned to their respective countries out of safety concerns. A fatwa urging the beheading of the woman who wrote the offending words, Isioma Daniel, was issued in Nigeria, but was declared null and void by the relevant Saudi Arabian authorities. Upon the pageant's return to England, many of the boycotting contestants chose to attend, including Miss Norway, Kathrine Sørland, who was ironically tipped in the last few days as the number one favourite for the crown she had previously boycotted.
Double/Triple Win in a Decade
No Double/Triple Win
- 1970 - 1979
- 2000 - 2009
1951 - 1959
1960 - 1969
1980 - 1989
1990 - 1999
Most Successful Miss World
- "Tianjin Miss World China Pageant comes to a close". China Daily. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss Universe on August 23". Timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Paul Lewis (11 November 2000). "Eric Morley, 82, Miss World Promoter, Dies". nytimes.com (The New York Times). Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Pageant News Bureau – Miss World: A long, glittering history". Pageant.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Brazil’s Miss World finalist has her hands and feet amputated". English.pravda.ru. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Sylvia Toh Paik Choo (24 June 2008). "MISS Singapore Universe". Archived from the original on 2008-06-28. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Tracing the regal existence of ‘Miss Universe’". Spicezee.com. 7 October 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Stein, Elissa; Meriwether, Lee (2006). Beauty Queen. Chronicle Books. p. 45. ISBN 0-8118-4864-7.
- Dewey, Susan (2008). Making Miss India Miss World. Syracuse University Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-8156-3176-6.
- "Frontline World: A Pageant is Born". Pbs.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Bet on Miss World Pageant". Covers.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Lovegrove, Keith (2002). Pageant: The Beauty Contest. teNeues. p. 1967. ISBN 3-8238-5569-7.
- "Selvedge: The Fabric of Your Life". Selvedge Ltd. 2005. p. 39.
- Marcus, Ben; Divine, Jeff (2005). Surfing USA!: An Illustrated History of the Coolest Sport of All Time. MVP Books. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-89658-690-1.
- Magnanti, Brooke (7 June 2013). "Miss World bikini ban: why it's no victory for feminists". Telegraph. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- Shin, Han (2004). Beauty with a Purpose. iUniverse. p. 193. ISBN 0-595-30926-7.
- "Bikini ban at Miss World pageant". Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "Miss World gets a makeover". news.bbc.co.uk (BBC News). 9 September 1998. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "BBC Radio 4 - Woman's Hour - Women's History Timeline: 1960 - 1969". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Tiza.com. Miss World". Tiza.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Should the Miss World pageant have gone ahead?". BBC News. 9 December 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Mayor's frosty reception for Miss World". BBC News. 26 November 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Miss World contest history Archived 8 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Miss World facts". Worldcountrylink.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World Riots in Nigeria". Democracynow.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Nigerian woman fights stoning". BBC News. 8 July 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Lange, Maggie (18 December 2014). "Miss World Pageant Axes Swimsuit Portion". New York Magazine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "ElEconomista.es. Miss World Organisation and Mauj Telecom Ink Global Deal on Mobile Content and Applications". El Economista. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Philanthropy World. Beauty with a Purpose
- "Newly crowned Miss Namibia 2009, Happie Ntelamo". The Economist .na. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Warsaw-life.com. Miss World comes to Warsaw". Warsaw-life.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Prestigious Beauty Pageant (10 February 2014). "Miss World 2014". Prestigious Beauty Pageants. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- EuroBiz Magazine, July 2006. Sanya's place in the sun[dead link]
- History of Miss World 1970 – 1979
- "Last milestone on a record-breaking comedy Road ... Bob Hope dies at 100". Buzzle.com. 29 July 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Miss World is stripped of her title
- "Miss World 1976". Pageantopolis. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World 1977". Pageantopolis. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World 1980". Pageantopolis. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- CNN – Miss Greece now Miss World, despite pageant protests[dead link]
- "Indian police prepare for worst in beauty pageant clash". CNN. 22 November 1996. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Beauty pageant in India becomes a contest of wills". CNN. 22 November 1996. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "As Miss World Turns". The Nation. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "CNN – Miss World boycott over Nigerian stoning". CNN. 7 September 2002. Archived from the original on 7 Jul 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World 2002". Pageantopolis. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Woman sentenced to stoning freed". CNN. 26 September 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Nigeria riots toll 'passes 200'". BBC News. 24 November 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World 2002 – The World at their Feet". Isioma.net. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Isioma Daniel (17 February 2003). "Nigerian journalist Isioma Daniel tells her story". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Nigeria's journalist on the run". BBC News. 27 November 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World and Islam: "Fatwa" and Isioma Daniel a Nigerian "Fatwa"". Nigeria World. 26 November 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Contestants boycott Miss World". Modern Gent. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "– Don't boycott Nigeria's Miss World contest, begs mother facing stoning". Telegraph.co.uk. 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "– Contestants threaten Miss World boycott over stoning". Telegraph.co.uk. 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Nigeria faces Miss World boycott threat". BBC News. 27 August 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World Nigeria boycott spreads". BBC News. 6 September 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Miss World". Pageantopolis. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miss World.|